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Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur
Fruits are of great importance in the field of human nutrition. Citrus is one of the most important fruit crops in India. In India common citrus fruits are mandarin, sweet orange, grape fruit and lime/lemon. Citrus fruits have a prominent place among popular and extensively grown tropical and subtropical fruits. Citrus fruits possess greater adoptability to different climatic conditions. In our country, Acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia) is one of the important citrus fruit crop and is more popular than lemon. Acid lime occupies a prime position among fruits due to its high remunerative prices, regular income and regular demand in the market. They are cultivated more extensively throughout the India. These crops can also be grown in the marginal lands, hence are favorite of the poor farmers. The fruits withstand with rough handlings and store longer after harvest, and thus are better than mandarin and sweet orange from processing point of view. Lime provides vitamins (Vit-C), minerals and much other essential substance which are required for human health. The acid lime is used not only as a fruit but also for preparing different food products and its demand will be high in the time to come. India today is world’s second largest producer of fruits with an annual production of about 1,72,18,173 tonnes. Gujarat ranks 1st in the area and production with 46.28 thousand ha, 605.62 thousand MT respectively, and in productivity Karnataka ranks 1st with 23.37 MT/ha. Karnataka is on fourth position with 306.21 thousand MT of lime\lemon production and has 13.10 thousand ha of area under cultivation. The state shares 9.73% of India’s total share of lemon production. In modern horticultural cropping systems, technology has become a pervasive factor. However, technological advances have opened up a new phase for the Indian xiii agricultural community. The dominance of new technologies over old ones was established. Therefore, it is believed that the introduction of such innovations would contribute to improving the nation's socio-economic stability. Many new technologies are available that are friendly to small farmers and farmers have been implementing technologies for decades, but significant gaps prevent farmers from being self-sustainable, growing their yields or productivity. These gaps are nothing but technological gaps. Hence this study to analyze the technological gaps in adoption of production recommendations in acid lime cultivation in Karnataka was undertaken, which was not undertaken previously by any researcher in the zone. Ex post facto research design was used for the study. The study was carried out in two taluks of Vijayapur district of Karnataka which were purposively selected, where acid lime area was more. A sample of 120 acid lime growers was randomly selected from the eight villages. The data was collected by personnel interview method and analyzed by employing suitable statistical tools. Fifteen independent variables were subjected to statistical analysis for the purpose of categorization of the respondents and for studying their relationship with dependent variable i.e. technological gaps in adoption of production recommendations by acid lime growers. Majority of the acid lime growers were middle aged, illiterate with medium size of family, small land holding category involved in cultivation+ labour with medium farming experience, medium level of extension contact, medium level of social participation, mass media exposure, medium level of risk preference, economic motivation, achievement motivation, management orientation, scientific orientation, deferred gratification. Correlation analysis revealed that age of the farmers was positive and significant relationship with technological gap in acid lime production. The variables such as education, farming experience, extension contact, social participation, achievement motivation, management orientation and scientific orientation were found to be negative and highly significant correlated with technological gap at 0.01 level of probability. Whereas, the variables like land holding, occupation, mass media exposure, risk orientation and economic motivation were found to be negative significant correlation with technological gap at 0.05 level of probability. Study revealed that out of 15 independent variables, risk preference, achievement motivation, education and economic motivation contributed significantly towards the variation in the technological gap. The major problems perceived by acid lime growers were non remunerative price of acid lime, high intervention of middlemen in marketing, lack of irrigation facilities, heavy incidence of pest and diseases, high labour charges, shortage of agricultural labours, lack of knowledge about plant xiv protection, non-availability of credit in time, non-availability of planting material/ seedlings timely, lack of information in right time. The suggestions given by growers were, providing remunerative price of acid lime, reduce the middlemen’s interference in marketing of acid lime, provide the facility of irrigation, establish rural markets at hobli/rural area, provide electricity supply, provide technical guidance at right time, provide credit with low interest and increase subsidies on fertilizer and seed.