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Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat

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Assam Agricultural University is the first institution of its kind in the whole of North-Eastern Region of India. The main goal of this institution is to produce globally competitive human resources in farm sectorand to carry out research in both conventional and frontier areas for production optimization as well as to disseminate the generated technologies as public good for benefitting the food growers/produces and traders involved in the sector while emphasizing on sustainability, equity and overall food security at household level. Genesis of AAU - The embryo of the agricultural research in the state of Assam was formed as early as 1897 with the establishment of the Upper Shillong Experimental Farm (now in Meghalaya) just after about a decade of creation of the agricultural department in 1882. However, the seeds of agricultural research in today’s Assam were sown in the dawn of the twentieth century with the establishment of two Rice Experimental Stations, one at Karimganj in Barak valley in 1913 and the other at Titabor in Brahmaputra valley in 1923. Subsequent to these research stations, a number of research stations were established to conduct research on important crops, more specifically, jute, pulses, oilseeds etc. The Assam Agricultural University was established on April 1, 1969 under The Assam Agricultural University Act, 1968’ with the mandate of imparting farm education, conduct research in agriculture and allied sciences and to effectively disseminate technologies so generated. Before establishment of the University, there were altogether 17 research schemes/projects in the state under the Department of Agriculture. By July 1973, all the research projects and 10 experimental farms were transferred by the Government of Assam to the AAU which already inherited the College of Agriculture and its farm at Barbheta, Jorhat and College of Veterinary Sciences at Khanapara, Guwahati. Subsequently, College of Community Science at Jorhat (1969), College of Fisheries at Raha (1988), Biswanath College of Agriculture at Biswanath Chariali (1988) and Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science at Joyhing, North Lakhimpur (1988) were established. Presently, the University has three more colleges under its jurisdiction, viz., Sarat Chandra Singha College of Agriculture, Chapar, College of Horticulture, Nalbari & College of Sericulture, Titabar. Similarly, few more regional research stations at Shillongani, Diphu, Gossaigaon, Lakhimpur; and commodity research stations at Kahikuchi, Buralikson, Tinsukia, Kharua, Burnihat and Mandira were added to generate location and crop specific agricultural production packages.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF SELECTED SOCIAL MEDIA ON DEVELOPMENT OF YOUTH OF ASSAM
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2018) GOGOI, PRITISMITA; Deka Baruah, Manoshi
    The present study entitled “Effect of selected social media on development of youth of Assam” was carried out with the following objectives: 1.To study the profile of the respondents. 2. To explore the reasons of using selected social media by the respondents. 3. To find out the extent of using selected social media by the respondents. 3. To analyse the perceived effect of social media on development of the respondents. Two districts were selected for the present study. From each of the selected districts two sub-division namely Jorhat and Sivasagar were selected randomly. From each of the sub-division six colleges were selected randomly. Equal number of respondents was selected from each of the selected colleges through simple random sampling. Thus total number of respondents was 120. Data were collected using structured interview schedule and analysed using appropriate statistical techniques viz., frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and chisquare. The data revealed that 38.33 per cent of the respondents belonged to age group of 19-21 years, majority (71.67%) were female, 59.17 per cent were from rural residency, 54.17 per cent were UG students, salaried job was the main occupation of the family for 55.83 per cent of respondents, for 58.33 per cent of the respondents the family income was between Rupees Twenty thousand to Fifty thousand. Findings further showed that they spent 2.30 hours in social media. Findings also highlighted that majority (94.17%) of the respondents used WhatsApp followed by Facebook (74.17%), YouTube (59.17%), Instagram (25.00%), Twitter (4.17%) and only 0.83 per cent respondents used LinkedIn. Data revealed that 43.33 per cent respondents commonly used three numbers of social media. 43.30 per cent respondents used WhatsApp most frequently. Most of the respondents (99.17%) used mobile phones for social media activities, 55.00 per cent used home network for social media connection. The data on reasons of using social media by the respondents revealed that communication with friends was ranked I followed by entertainment. It was found that education related area was discussed with teachers by 89.17 per cent respondents, general discussion was held with relatives by 67.50 per cent, entertainment with friends by 73.33 per cent and national issues generally discussed with different organization officials by 40.99 per cent respondents. Findings on frequency of using social media revealed that all the respondents use social media on daily basis and 40.00 per cent of the respondents spent more than 2 hours on social media. The overall effect of social media on development, percentage of respondents was higher (16.67%) in high category than low (15.00%) which might be assumed as positive effect of social media on development of the youth. Association between education and income of the family was highly significant with perceived effect of selected social media. Place of residence was also positively associated while age, time spent on social media and number of social media used have no significant association with perceived effect of selected social media.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    KNOWLEDGE OF TEACHERS OF JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM REGARDING DIABETES MELLITUS
    (2017) Tatak, Lalak; Sarmah, Juliana
    The present research study entitled ‘Knowledge of teachers of Jorhat district of Assam regarding diabetes mellitus’ was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. The objectives of the study were i) to study the back ground profile of respondents, ii) to assess the knowledge of respondents regarding some facts of diabetes and iii) to gather information on indigenous remedial measures for diabetes. All the provincialised colleges of Jorhat sub-division were considered for the study. Fifty per cent of the total teachers of each college were the respondents of the present study, thus, totalling 204 teachers. Nearly 34 per cent of respondents belonged to age group 47-57 years. Majority of respondents (58.80 per cent) were female. Large majority of respondents (78.43 per cent) were married. Majority of respondents (58.80 per cent) belonged to arts discipline. Large majority (74.00 per cent) of respondents belonged to nuclear family. Large majority (71.60 per cent) of respondents belonged to small family. Nearly 42 per cent respondents had working experience of 1-10 years. Nearly 95 per cent respondents did not suffer from diabetes mellitus. Nearly 77 per cent of respondents checked their blood sugar level. Majority (66.18 per cent) of respondents did not have family member suffering from diabetes mellitus. Majority of respondents did not have doctor (63.20 per cent), nutritionist and dietician (91.20 per cent) in their family, friends and relatives. The study also reveals that 71.60 per cent of respondents did not attend any talk or discussion on diabetes mellitus and 83.30 per cent did not have membership in any organization. Majority of the respondents that is 64 per cent had medium level of mass media exposure. More than 69 per cent of respondents had medium level of knowledge on each aspect namely basic of diabetes, its causative factors and symptoms, diet and habits to be maintained in diabetes mellitus with higher percentage in high level on diet in diabetes mellitus. On college wise distribution of knowledge, more than 70 per cent of respondents from all the colleges had medium level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus. More than 65 per cent of respondents from all the colleges had medium level of knowledge on basic of diabetes mellitus. More than 55 per cent of respondents from all the colleges had medium level of knowledge on causative factors and symptom of diabetes mellitus. More than 55 per cent of respondents from all the colleges had medium level of knowledge on diet in diabetes mellitus. More than 50 per cent of respondents from all the colleges had medium level of knowledge on habits to be maintained in diabetes mellitus. Both male and female respondents had nearly equal percentage in all the level that is low, medium and high level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus. According to discipline (that is Science, Arts and Commerce) more than 70 per cent of respondents had medium level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus. Respondents from science discipline had higher percentage of knowledge on diabetes mellitus. Highest percentage of respondents had medium level of knowledge on diabetes as a whole. It was also evident from the findings that there were significant association between knowledge of the respondents with age, checking of blood sugar level and presence of nutritionist/dietician in their family, friends and relatives. There was also highly significant association between knowledge of respondents with their mass media exposure. The respondents under study suggested some plants sources as remedial measures for diabetes mellitus. Higher percentage of respondents suggested neem, methi, nayantara and chirata as remedial measures for diabetes mellitus. Respondents also suggested some healthy lifestyle to be followed as remedial measures of diabetes mellitus. Higher percentage of respondents suggested ‘cutting down of sugar intake’, ‘physical exercise’, ‘checking of blood sugar level’ and walking as remedial measures for diabetes mellitus.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    INVOLVEMENT OF RURAL WOMEN IN SELECTED FARM AND NON FARM ACTIVITIES FOR THEIR HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD SECURITY
    (2017) CHETIA, QUEEN; Dutta Das, Manju
    The present study entitled “Involvement of rural women in selected farm and non farm activities for their household livelihood security” was conducted in the Jorhat district of Assam. Eight (8) villages were selected from Jorhat and Titabor sub division using purposive sampling method. A total of 120 rural women were selected randomly using simple random sampling method. Personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed by using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, coefficient of correlation. It has been observed that rural women were found to be performed in both the farm and non farm activities as well as domestic activities. Cent per cent of the rural women involved in the farm activities such as transplanting, harvesting, winnowing and non farm activities like traditional snacks preparations (94.16%), in weaving (60.00%), pickle making (55.00%). The study also showed that very less number of rural women in the sampled villages took decision independently in different farm and non farm activities. The rural women spent most of their time in family food preparation and farm related activities. When they performed various farm and non farm activities they faced some problems such as lack of scientific knowledge, attack crops by pests/ insects, high cost of inputs. The role of women extends way to beyond home and bringing up children. Women have to perform the dual role of housewife and wage earner. Both roles made heavy demands on women’s time and energy. Economic pressure is forcing them to break away their traditional roles of housewives into farm and non-farm labourers. In this present study women contributions in selected farm and non farm activities is more prominent. The findings of the study suggested that there is a need to impart training to these women in order to strengthen the knowledge about farm and non farm activities. In order to improve women’s work efficiency, Govt. and Extension worker should plan and execute need based training programmes. Rural women have increased their participation in economic activities. Through involvement in farm and non farm activities rural women have been able to increase their consciousness and economic levels, and thereby making a significant contribution to the well-being of the family. Ultimately, they have been able to break the cycle of poverty. Therefore, involvement of rural women in farm and non farm activities has been a key factor for poverty reduction in rural areas of India.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    ATTRIBUTES DEVELOPED AMONG STUDENTS THROUGH HOME SCIENCE EDUCATION AND THEIR EXPECTATIONS FOR GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2017) Sangma, Nikrachi Ch.; Hazarika, Daisy
    The present investigation was conducted to study the “Attributes developed among students through Home Science education and their expectations for gainful employment” was undertaken during the period 2016-2017. The study was undertaken with the following objectives: (1) To study the background profile of the respondents, (2) To explore acquired attributes perceived by the respondents, (3) To identify the expectations of the respondents for gainful employment. The study was conducted in College of Home Science, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat. College of Home Science was purposively selected for the present study. The respondents were selected from both under graduate and post graduate classes. Barring the first year and second year students a total 135 students were found, from which fifteen students were excluded for pre-testing. Thus a total of 120 students were the population of the present study. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire prepared by the researcher. Collected data were analyzed by applying frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and chi square test. The findings of the study revealed that a large percentage (51.66%) of the respondents belonged to age group of 23-26 years and 87.50 per cent of the respondents were female. Majority (96.66%) of the respondents were from North East region and large percentage (43.33%) of the respondents was from B.Sc. degree programme. Large percentage (45.00%) of the respondents was secured marks between 55-68 per cent in 10th standard and large percentage (72.50%) of the respondents secured marks between 62-75 per cent in 12th standard whereas large percentage (47.05%) of the respondents secured marks between 78-87 per cent in B.Sc and large percentage (40.90%) of the respondents secured marks between 79-87 per cent in M.Sc. Entire respondents belonged to nuclear family and large percentage (63.33%) of the respondents were from small family. Large percentage (50.00%) of the respondents’ father was graduated whereas large percentage (50.83%) of the respondents’ mother was HSLC/HS passed. Large percentage (77.50%) of the respondents’ father occupation was government service whereas large percentage (55.00%) of the respondents’ mother was mainly engaged in household activity. A large percentage (45.00%) of the respondents’ family income was Rs 36001 – 50000. Majority (95.00%) of the respondents were unmarried and small percentage (5.00%) of the respondents was married. Majority (40.83%) of the respondents belonged to general caste and large percentage (70.00%) of the respondents belonged to Hindu religion. Large percentage (48.33%) of the respondents was brought up in urban areas and majority (56.66%) of the respondents went to English medium school. Large percentage (54.16%) of the respondents had leadership position in various capacities during their school days of which huge percentage (47.69%) had were member of union body. It is envy to know that large percentage (80.83%) of the respondents is aware of job prospectus in Home Science discipline. Majority (92.50%) of the respondents were access to internet and library facilities. Entire respondents of Home Science College seek help when they need for any circumstances and also entire respondents had some or other kind of involvement in group activities whether it’s a small or big issue. It is encouraging that large percentage (62.50%) of the respondents would like to become an entrepreneur after their graduation in Home Science education whereas entire respondents had perceived several qualities through their course of study in Home Science education like psychological, knowledge and skills, management, social, abilities and some special skills. It is observed from the ranking of findings of the present study that the attributes perceived by the respondents were responsible for the work, deep thinking on the subjects, thorough awareness of the subjects in Home Science, skill of writing report after a field visit, emphasizing concept learning before memorising, planning and organising work systematically, behaving properly with teachers, seniors, friends and strangers, respecting and valuing different cultures, customs of various region, motivation skill, listening skill, ability to manage own work, ability to work in team, ability to obtain and process data in computer. It is very encouraging to see that overall acquired attributes perceived by the respondents was medium (65.00%). After attaining multiple of qualities, skills, knowledge and abilities respondents had rank their expectation for gainful employment were more number of job opportunities in Home Science education like other field of professional courses and graduating students should be exposed to world class lecture series to develop their soft skills, Home Science subjects should be eligible in every competitive examination, college authority should link with successful company to take up their students for internship programme, college authority should act as strong motivational force to inspire students for various enterprises. A significant association was found between personal qualities with sex, percentage secured in 10th standard, percentage secured in 12th standard, place of brought up. Association was also found between special skills with sex, percentage secured in 10th standard, percentage secured in 12th standard, place of brought up.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    STATUS OF WOMEN TEA PLANTATION WORKERS IN JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM
    (2019-07) Jumi, Toko; Borah, Sayanika
    The present study entitled as “Status of Women Tea Plantation Workers in Jorhat District of Assam” was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. Four (4) tea gardens under public corporation from Jorhat sub-division were selected using purposive sampling method. A total of 100 women tea plantation workers were selected randomly using a simple random sampling method. The personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and ranking. It has been observed that the majority of respondents (45.00%) were under the age group young category i.e. 18-30 years. Majority of respondents (77.00%) were married. More than half of the respondents (52.00%) were illiterate. Cent per cent of the respondents was under Minority and Other Backward Class (MOBC). The data also revealed that the majority of respondents were from the nuclear family (77.00%) and 55 per cent of respondents belonged from a small family (till 4 members). Majority of the respondents lived in Katcha house (88.00%). The pipeline was the source of water for 66 per cent of respondents. 46 per cent of respondents had a low-cost latrine. Daily wage labourer was the occupation of respondent's head of the family for 81 per cent of the respondents. 50 per cent of the respondents earned between (Rs. 4492- Rs. 5012) monthly. A large percentage of the respondents had no subsidiary source of income (96.00%). 51 per cent of the respondents had no membership in any organisation. In material possession, a very high percentage of the respondents possessed traditional Chulha (99.00%), 36 per cent of respondents possessed two-wheeler and in livestock, 52 per cent the respondents possessed hen. It was highlighted that 71 per cent of the respondents had a medium level of mass media exposure. More than half of the respondents had a medium level of conservatism- liberalism (63.00%). It is revealed from the findings that the majority of the respondents made a joint decision with their husbands in taking the final decision in various activities. Independent decision was also seen among the respondents which were highest in areas of maintenance of the house (84.00%), selection and preparation of food (73.00%), voting in the election (66.00%), taking part in social events (44.00%), and recreational activities (40.00%). The data revealed that the majority (51.00%) of the respondents were most interested in poultry farming followed by goat rearing (14.00%). The data also highlighted that in an average respondents spent 7.94 hours in working at tea garden in a day followed by 7.88 hours in sleep, 2.08 hours in kitchen, 0.95 hours in watching TV, listening radio etc, 0.91 hours in personal care, 0.815 hours in care for children and family, 0.69 hours in cleaning, 0.29 in fetching water and cleaning, 0.28 hours in religious activities, 0.25 hours in collection of firewood, 0.10 hours in care for animals and 0.77 hours in social activities. The findings revealed that insufficient wage was ranked I with mean score (2.99), lack of toilet facilities at work was ranked II with mean score (2.95), no provisions for protective gears at work was ranked III with mean score (2.82), back pain due to carrying of tea baskets for a long time was ranked IV with mean score (2.45), cuts and rashes on fingers and palm due to plucking of tea leaves was ranked V with mean score (2.43).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    AWARENESS AND USE OF FOOD LABEL INFORMATION BY CONSUMERS OF JORHAT, ASSAM
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2019-08) Shaw, Monosweta Gracy; Bhattacharyya, Ruma
    The present study entitled “Awareness and use of food label information by consumers of Jorhat, Assam” was undertaken to assess the awareness and use of food label information. The objectives of the study were to determine the level of awareness of consumers on pre packaged food labelling information, assess consumers’ use of food label information, analyze consumers’ attitude towards reading food labels and determine factors associated with reading of food label. To fulfil these objectives 400 respondents from 3 supermarkets, namely Big Bazaar, Viraat Bazaar and Vishal Mega mart and 3 departmental stores namely Pariwar food mart, Doss and co., and M.D.s store were taken. The respondents were of the age 18 years and above. Data on different parameters like consumers’ socio demographic profile was recorded using a self structured questionnaire. Awareness level on food label information of the consumer was recorded using a score card adopted from Priyadarshini (2014), consumers’ attitude on food label information was assessed using an attitude scale adopted and modified from Robert and Chandran (2017), use of food label information by the consumers was documented using a modified question module by Robert and Chandran (2017) and factors affecting reading of food label by consumers was recorded using a semi structured questionnaire by Dutta and Patel (2017). Socio-demographic data revealed 57 per cent of the consumers were female, 35 per cent of the age group 39-49 years, 69 per cent were graduates, 25.5 per cent were employed, 50.5 per cent were of high income group and 49 per cent shopped once a week. Determination of awareness level on food label information revealed that 43.75 per cent of the respondents were moderately aware. Association between socio demographic characteristics of consumers and awareness level on food label information revealed gender (p value=0.01, ‘r’=+0.46), education (p value=0.00.’r’=+0.49) and frequency of shopping (p value=0.04,’r’=+0.57) had significant association and positive correlation with awareness level. Consumers’ attitude on helpfulness of food label information in buying pre-packaged food revealed 92 per cent of the respondents to have a positive attitude, 94.5 per cent had a positive attitude on importance of nutrition label information, 91 per cent had a positive attitude on trustworthiness on food label information. Assessment of use of food label information by consumers revealed 59.75 per cent of the respondents read food labels regularly, 51 per cent checked price of the pre packaged food, 46.75 per cent checked expiry dates on a food label, 79.75 per cent chose to buy products based on food label information, 76 per cent agreed to not buy products if there is no food label, 52.25 per cent compared food labels to make food choices. The main source of nutrition information for consumers was reported to be internet (75.25%) followed by family and friends (74.50%) and television (70.25%). The most sought nutrition information on pre packaged food was total calories (61.25%) followed by sugar (50.25%) followed by fats (50.25%) and cholesterol (49%). The motivation factor for most (79%) of the consumers to read food label information was price, the circumstance at which most 57.25 per cent of the consumers did not read food label information when they bought familiar foods and 56 per cent revealed that due to small fonts, they faced difficulty in reading food labels. It can be concluded that the awareness on food label information was moderate attributed to the socio demographic factors of consumers like gender roles, level of education and frequency of shopping pre packaged food and use of food label information by consumers was confined to reading price, expiry dates etc. and very less utilization of nutrition information. Consumer education on food label information, development of consumer guide and training of working staff at supermarkets and stores on food label information interpretation can be adopted to improve the present situation on awareness and use of food label information.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    STATUS OF WOMEN TEA PLANTATION WORKERS IN JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2019-07) Jumi, Toko; Borah, Sayanika
    The present study entitled as “Status of Women Tea Plantation Workers in Jorhat District of Assam” was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. Four (4) tea gardens under public corporation from Jorhat sub-division were selected using purposive sampling method. A total of 100 women tea plantation workers were selected randomly using a simple random sampling method. The personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and ranking. It has been observed that the majority of respondents (45.00%) were under the age group young category i.e. 18-30 years. Majority of respondents (77.00%) were married. More than half of the respondents (52.00%) were illiterate. Cent per cent of the respondents was under Minority and Other Backward Class (MOBC). The data also revealed that the majority of respondents were from the nuclear family (77.00%) and 55 per cent of respondents belonged from a small family (till 4 members). Majority of the respondents lived in Katcha house (88.00%). The pipeline was the source of water for 66 per cent of respondents. 46 per cent of respondents had a low-cost latrine. Daily wage labourer was the occupation of respondent's head of the family for 81 per cent of the respondents. 50 per cent of the respondents earned between (Rs. 4492- Rs. 5012) monthly. A large percentage of the respondents had no subsidiary source of income (96.00%). 51 per cent of the respondents had no membership in any organisation. In material possession, a very high percentage of the respondents possessed traditional Chulha (99.00%), 36 per cent of respondents possessed two-wheeler and in livestock, 52 per cent the respondents possessed hen. It was highlighted that 71 per cent of the respondents had a medium level of mass media exposure. More than half of the respondents had a medium level of conservatism- liberalism (63.00%). It is revealed from the findings that the majority of the respondents made a joint decision with their husbands in taking the final decision in various activities. Independent decision was also seen among the respondents which were highest in areas of maintenance of the house (84.00%), selection and preparation of food (73.00%), voting in the election (66.00%), taking part in social events (44.00%), and recreational activities (40.00%). The data revealed that the majority (51.00%) of the respondents were most interested in poultry farming followed by goat rearing (14.00%). The data also highlighted that in an average respondents spent 7.94 hours in working at tea garden in a day followed by 7.88 hours in sleep, 2.08 hours in kitchen, 0.95 hours in watching TV, listening radio etc, 0.91 hours in personal care, 0.815 hours in care for children and family, 0.69 hours in cleaning, 0.29 in fetching water and cleaning, 0.28 hours in religious activities, 0.25 hours in collection of firewood, 0.10 hours in care for animals and 0.77 hours in social activities. The findings revealed that insufficient wage was ranked I with mean score (2.99), lack of toilet facilities at work was ranked II with mean score (2.95), no provisions for protective gears at work was ranked III with mean score (2.82), back pain due to carrying of tea baskets for a long time was ranked IV with mean score (2.45), cuts and rashes on fingers and palm due to plucking of tea leaves was ranked V with mean score (2.43).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    PERCEPTION OF PARENTS AND ADOLESCENTS ON PARENTING: A SOCIOCULTURAL STUDY
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2018-03) Begum, Toslima Sultana; Phukan, Minoti
    Parenting is defined as purposeful activities aimed at ensuring the survival and development of children. A better understanding on parenting may be achieved when one can understand how adolescents perceived their parents’ involvement in their upbringing. Children’s perception of parenting are better predictor of their behaviour and psychological development (Buri, 1989 and Paulson, 1994). Again parents and young people can hold quite divergent perception of parenting (Smetena, 1995). Thus a study on “Perception of parents and adolescents on parenting: a sociocultural study” was undertaken in Barpeta district of Lower Assam. Sample comprised of 200 adolescents and their parents. To make the sample representative equal numbers of boys and girls from both rural and urban areas were selected. Adolescents under the age group of 16 to 17 years and who lived with their biological parents were selected for the study. The tools designed was a parenting style questionnaire comprising of 32 items in four parenting styles as subscale .A semi-structured interview schedule consisting of statements pertaining to the objectives of the study was also designed. To collect socioeconomic status and back ground information of the respondent a questionnaire by O.P. Aggrawal was used. Results revealed that Majority of the respondents were follower of Hinduism and belonged to OBC/General category. Majority of the respondents belonged to the nuclear type of family system. Most of the respondent family had their monthly income in the range of Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 9,999 and were belonged to lower middle class families. Rural and urban respondents were not significantly different with respect to their overall socio-economic status. Regarding the perception on parenting style, parents perceived their parenting style as authoritative parenting style with highest mean scores of 33.68 and standard deviation 5.03 followed by authoritarian parenting style (mean= 29.2, SD =5.681). Same as their parents adolescents perceived their parents parenting style as authoritative parenting style with highest mean scores of 33.22 and standard deviation 4.79 followed by authoritarian parenting style (mean= 28.81, SD =5.4). No significant difference was found between urban and rural adolescents in relation to their perception of four types of parents’ parenting styles i.e. authoritative parenting style, authoritarian parenting style, permissive parenting style and uninvolved parenting style. No significant difference was also observed between rural and urban parents in relation to their perception on all four types of parenting styles i.e. authoritative parenting style, authoritarian parenting style, permissive parenting style and uninvolved parenting style. Family income and occupation had positive relationship with authoritative parenting style as perceived by parents and adolescents and negatively associated with parents’ education, number of siblings and overall socio economic status of the family. Perceived authoritarian parenting style by both parents and adolescents had positive relationship with income, occupation, education of parents and number of siblings and overall socio-economic status of the family. No significant gender difference was observed in adolescents’ perception on their parents’ parenting styles and in-between perception of boy’s parents’ parenting style and girl’s parents’ parenting style. Most of the rural and urban parent’s perceived problems in different aspects of parenting which creates stressed on them. Most of the adolescents also had perception on their parents’ problem in parenting them. Developing a parenting module and creation of awareness programmes on different aspects of parenting adolescents inconsideration with contemporary parenting style adopted by parents is needed for both rural and urban parents.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    WOMEN’S ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION IN JAPI (TRADITIONAL HEADGEAR) MAKING INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY OF NALBARI DISTRICT, ASSAM
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2017-07) Kalita, Kangkana; Borah, Ruplekha
    Women play an important role in different home based cottage industry and other traditional art and crafts. In Assam, Japi making is a traditional household industry (The telegraph, April 21, 2006). The rural people of Assam also had a long tradition of doing various economic and productive activities out of which “Japi making cluster” is noteworthy. Women are involved in Japi making industry for income generation. The Japi making industry is one of the most important among the cottage industries in Assam which has a glorious past from the time immemorial. The present study was carried out to study the Women’s economic contribution in Japi (Traditional Headgear) making industry: A case study of Nalbari District, Assam. The main objectives of the study were: a) To study the demographic profile of the selected households. b) To find out the extent of family members’ participation in household Japi making industry. c) To determine the economic contribution of women in the selected handicraft industry. d) To document case studies of successful entrepreneurs.A purposive cum proportionate sampling design was adopted to carry out the study. Based on highest concentration of Japi making households the Pub Nalbari Block was considered for the study from which two villages viz., Mugkushi and Sutarkushi were selected purposively. Total number of Japi making households in the selected villages was found to be 400. By following proportionate random sampling technique a total of 120 households were selected for the study. For the purpose of collection of primary data and other relevant information, a schedule was designed for the study and primary data were collected from the respondents by interviewing them personally. The findings of the study depicts that women give a considerable contribution in Japi making industry. Rural women participate in a broad range of activities in Japi making industry such as preparation of required materials, decoration, stitching and pasting. The participation of women in Japi making industry is higher as compared to male members. For large size Japi, the female labour recorded the higher share (66.24%) of total man days as compared to medium size Japi (43.47%). It is interesting to note that benefit cost ratio in Japi making was found to be 1.23 on an average Japi making farm. It is worth mentioning that in the sample households over all women’s economic contribution in Japi making was found to be 24.04 per cent. It is envisaged that if the workstation is improved and training on new design can be imparted among the women folk, Japi making can emerge as the most important industry for increasing the contribution of women of annual income .Further it will help Japi making industry to be more popular and flourished all over India. Skill development training on Japi making with improved modern technologies/tools may be popularized among youth across the state with could be taken up as a vocation to earn a respectable livelihood or may be opted for setting up an enterprise.