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Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Knowledge and Adoption of Recommended Okra Cultivation Practices by the Farmers in Jaipur District of Rajasthan
    (2022) JALTHARIA,RAJKUMAR; I.M. Khan
    Okra is cultivated mainly in Jaipur, Sirohi, Bundi, Alwar, Chittorgarh and Hanumangarh districts of Rajasthan. In Rajasthan, Jaipur district ranked first in area of okra cultivation. The climatic conditions of the Jaipur district are most suitable for cultivation of okra and till today no systematic efforts have been made by researchers in the field of study on knowledge and adoption of recommended okra cultivation practices by the farmers in proposed area. Keeping this view in mind, the present investigation entitled “Knowledge and Adoption of Recommended Okra Cultivation Practices by the Farmers in Jaipur District of Rajasthan” was undertaken in the study area with the following specific objectives: 1. To measure the knowledge of farmers about recommended cultivation practices of okra. 2. To find out the extent of adoption of recommended cultivation practices of okra by the farmers. 3. To study the relationship of independent variables of farmers with their knowledge and extent of adoption of recommended cultivation practices of okra. 4. To identify the constraints perceived by the farmers in adoption of recommended cultivation practices of okra.The present study was conducted purposely in selected Jaipur district of Rajasthan. Out of total 21 tehsils in Jaipur district of Rajasthan, two tehsils namely Jamwaramgarh and Kotputli have been selected purposely on the basis of maximum area of okra. Five gram panchayats from each selected tehsil having maximum area under okra cultivation i.e. a total of 10 gram panchayats were selected purposely. Two villages from each selected gram panchayats were selected on the basis of maximum area under okra cultivation. Thus, a total of 20 villages were selected for the present investigation. From each villages, 6 okra growers growing okra in at least 0.1 ha area were selected on the basis of simple random sampling technique. Thus, total 120 farmers were selected for present study. The data were collected by personal interview method by using a schedule specially developed for the study after getting expert‟s opinion. The data so collected were classified, tabulated and statistically analysed, which led to the following findings 1. Majority of respondents i.e. 74.17 per cent fell in medium knowledge level group whereas 13.33 per cent okra growers were observed in the high knowledge level group and remaining 12.50 per cent respondents possessed low level of knowledge about recommended cultivation practices of okra. The findings of the study also indicated that majority of okra growers had adequate knowledge regarding “Time of sowing” followed by “Soil and field preparation”, “Harvesting”, “Seed rate and recommended spacing”, whereas they had medium knowledge regarding “Use of high yielding varieties”, “Seed treatment”, “Weed management”, “Fertilizer application”, “Irrigation management” and “Plant protection measures”. 2. Majority of respondents i.e. 70.83 per cent were in medium level of adoption group, whereas 15.83 per cent respondents were in high adoption group and remaining 13.34 per cent okra growers were observed in the category of low level of adoption. The findings of the study also indicated that farmers had adequate adoption regarding “Time of sowing” followed by “Soil and field preparation”, “Harvesting”, “Seed rate and recommended spacing”, whereas they had medium adoption regarding “Use of high yielding varieties”, “Seed treatment”, “Weed management”, “Fertilizer application”, “Irrigation management” and “Plant protection measures”. 3. The education, annual income, extension contact, social participation, farming experience and cropping pattern of okra growers had positive and significant relationship with their knowledge about okra cultivation practices. Whereas their age and land holding were found to be positively and non-significantly related with their knowledge level of okra cultivation practices. It was also found that their education, annual income, extension contact, social participation, farming experience and cropping pattern were found to have positive and significant relationship with their extent of adoption of okra cultivation practices, whereas their age and land holding were found to have a positive and non-significant relationship with their extent of adoption of okra cultivation practices. 4. Majority of respondents i.e. 70.00 per cent fell in medium constraint perceptors group, whereas 16.67 per cent in high and remaining 13.33 per cent respondents were observed in the group of low constraint perceptors. The study also indicated that in input constraints, “Unavailability of recommended chemical for plant protection measures” and “High cost of insecticides and pesticides” in technical constraints, “Lack of knowledge about plant protection” and “Poor knowledge about doses of chemical fertilizers” in financial constraints, “High cost of inputs” and “High cost of seeds of high yielding varieties” and in marketing constraints, “Lack of storage facilities” and “High cost of transportation” were perceived as the most severe constraints by the okra growers
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Utilization of ICT Tools for Crop Practices by the Farmers of Jaipur District of Rajasthan
    (2022) Haritwal, Kamlesh; Khan, I.M.
    ICT revolution is the consequence of integration of computer technology and communication technology. In this information age, the ICTs play a pivotal medium for knowledge dissemination between research systems and farming system. Rural population in our country still have issues in accessing essential information in the forms they'll perceive so as to form timely decisions for better farming. In previous couple of years innovative ideas came in to existence. Indian farming community is at present facing multitude of problems to maximize crop productivity. The use of information is wide and multifarious. But a very wide gap exists between the research level and actual practices. Therefore, in the backdrop of the issues discussed above, the present investigation “Utilization of ICT Tools for Crop Practices by the Farmers of Jaipur District of Rajasthan” was undertaken with following specific objectives: 1. To study the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers. 2. To measure the availability and utilization of ICT tools for crop practices by the farmers. 3. To find out the relationship between socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and extent of utilization of ICT tools for crop practices by the farmers. 4. To identify the constraints faced by the farmers in utilization of ICT tools. The study was conducted in Jobner Panchayat Samiti of Jaipur district of Rajasthan. Out of 22 panchayat samities in Jaipur district Jobner panchayat samiti was selected purposively. Four gram panchayats consisting of 2 adjacent and 2 distant gram panchayats were selected from Jobner panchayat samiti. Two villages were selected from each gram panchayat and 15 farmers were selected randomly from each selected village constituting a sample of 120 farmers for study purpose. An interview schedule was prepared and face to face interview was carried out with farmers. Appropriate statistical tests were used for data analysis, which led to following findings. 1. It was found that out of total farmers majority of farmers were from young age group (up to 35 years) and about one fourth farmers were educated up to graduation. Majority of farmers were from small farmers group (1.00 to 2.00 ha.), were having income level from Rs. 200000 to 400000, member of more than one organization, having small family, had medium mass media exposure with agriculture occupation and medium level of mechanical power. 2. Majority of farmers had medium level of availability of ICT tools, with mobile phone followed by television. Majority of farmers had low level of use ICT tools, farmers used mobile phone on daily basis. Majority of farmers had medium level of use of ICT tools in different farming/ allied activities and use of ICT tools in different farming / allied activity majority of adjacent farmers always used ICT tools in pulse crops, whereas distant farmers always used ICT tools in organic farming. Majority of farmers had medium level of use of ICT tools in different crop cultivation practices, use of ICT tools in different crop cultivation practices majority of farmers always used ICT tools in manures and fertilizers. Majority of farmers had medium level of use of farming apps, with majority of Iffco kisan aap. 3 It was found that education, annual income, social participation, size of land holding, mass media exposure, occupation and machanical power were found positively and significantly correlated with the extent of utilization of ICT tools at 1% level of significance. The age and family size of farmers were negatively and non-significantly related with their extent of utilization of ICT tools. 4. The study revealed that majority of both adjacent and distant farmers faced medium level of constraints in utilization of ICT tools for crop practices. The constraints “physical problem (eye pain etc.)” was perceived major problem by the farmers
  • ThesisItemOpen Access