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Central Agricultural University, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Umiam

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    Economic analysis of cattle husbandry in Lakhimpur district of Assam
    (College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, CAU-Imphal, Umiam, 2022-09) Adhikari, Nilay; Singh, Ram
    The total livestock population in Assam has been estimated to be 18.09 million in which cattle has the highest percentage share with 60.30 per cent and Lakhimpur district of Assam is ranked first among all the districts in terms of cattle population with 6.29 lakh, which contributes 5.76 per cent to the total population of cattle in the state (Livestock Census, 2019). The present study was conducted in Lakhimpur district of Assam with following specific objectives- 1) To analyse the growth trends in cattle population and milk production of Assam, 2) To work out the costs and returns of cattle milk production at household level, 3) To estimate the marketed surplus of milk production of cattle at household level. Secondary data was collected from various publications of Government of Assam and other reliable sources. Primary data was gathered through interview from a sample of 93 cattle households. Tabular analysis, Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), standard estimation procedure for cost and return of milk production and regression analysis were used to analyse the collected data. Total cattle population in Assam has been increased from 6.1 million in 1966 to 10.91 million in 2019 and registered an overall growth rate of 78.85 per cent. The volume of milk production in Assam has been increased from 699 million litres in 1995-96 to 1,004 million litres in 2020-21 and the CAGR of the volume of milk production in the state was found to be positive with 1.27 per cent. The benefit-cost ratio of milk enterprise was found to be higher (1:1.85) in case of crossbred cow as compared to local cow (1:1.15). The higher average milk yield per crossbred cow (8.17 L/day) accounted for higher net return as compared to that of local cow (2.08 L/day). The average marketed surplus of milk production at the household level was 89.71 per cent of the total milk production. The study revealed that total household milk production (p<0.01), family size (p<0.01) and average selling price of milk (p<0.05) had a significant influence on marketed surplus of cattle milk production at household level. This study suggests that the scientific methods of cattle farming should be extended to the cattle farmers by disseminating region specific breeding, feeding, health care and management practices in order to enhance economic viability of cattle farming enterprise.