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Anand Agricultural University, Anand

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Anand Agricultural University (AAU) was established in 2004 at Anand with the support of the Government of Gujarat, Act No.(Guj 5 of 2004) dated April 29, 2004. Caved out of the erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University (GAU), the dream institution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Dr. K. M. Munshi, the AAU was set up to provide support to the farming community in three facets namely education, research and extension activities in Agriculture, Horticulture Engineering, product Processing and Home Science. At present there seven Colleges, seventeen Research Centers and six Extension Education Institute working in nine districts of Gujarat namely Ahmedabad, Anand, Dahod, Kheda, Panchmahal, Vadodara, Mahisagar, Botad and Chhotaudepur AAU's activities have expanded to span newer commodity sectors such as soil health card, bio-diesel, medicinal plants apart from the mandatory ones like rice, maize, tobacco, vegetable crops, fruit crops, forage crops, animal breeding, nutrition and dairy products etc. the core of AAU's operating philosophy however, continues to create the partnership between the rural people and committed academic as the basic for sustainable rural development. In pursuing its various programmes AAU's overall mission is to promote sustainable growth and economic independence in rural society. AAU aims to do this through education, research and extension education. Thus, AAU works towards the empowerment of the farmers.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    DEVELOPMENT OF DIGESTIVE ENZYMES IN PANCREATIC JUICE AND DUODENAL FLUID OF COW CALVES AND BUFFALO CALVES FROM BERTH TO EARLY RUMINANT STAGE
    (AAU, Anand, 1996) Christi, K. S.; VADODARIA, V. P.
    Healthy 22 calves (10 cow calves; 12 buffalo calves) maintained at Veterinary college, Anand, with an objective of establishing physico-biochemical profile of pancreatic juice and duodenal fluid from birth to fifteen week of age were studied in relation to different physiological factors like age, feeding and diurnal variations. There is no report of research work carried out simultaneously both in cow calves and buffalo calves as well as on panoreatic juice and duodenal fluid at same age, feeding schedule and for diurnal variations in various parameters. The research data were classified and tested with the help of standard statistical procedures. Work on buffalo calves has not been found reported fluid, therefore the present work provides the basic informations for future research endeavor.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    PHYSICO-BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF ESTRUAL CERVICAL MUCUS CONGENIAL FOR CONCEPTION IN BUFFALOES AND HEIFERS OF MEHSANI BREED
    (AAU, Anand, 1987) VADODARIA, V. P.; PRABHU, G. A.
    The study of physico-chemical and bioch^jlcal pi-operties of cervical iaucus was carried out on healthy breeding twffaloes and heifers of Mehsani breed which t were brou^it for artificial insemination during estrus $ period, fhls study was undertaken with mx objective of knowing the Physico-Biocheaiical profile of cervical mucus in these aniaals at fertile insemination. The physical nature of cervical mucus (voluae, colour, consisteacy, ispecific gravity, pH and dry matter) and different physiological conditions of aniaals (lactational status, estrus intensity, estrnxs stage ar«i uterine tone) in relation to conceptive inseminations in tliese animals were investigated, a © results indicated that the significantly greater volume (PL0.01) and lower alkaline pi I (PL0.05) of cervical mucus favoured conceition, A relatively higher conception rate (60.17%) was found in animals with thin cervical mucus than in those with thick taucus (39.83%). More thai 505S of animals at conceived had turbid and opaque cervical mucus Significantly higher levels of Na+(PL0.05) Zn++(PL0.0l),Mn++(PL0.01), Fe++(PL0.0l),glucose(PLO.05), LDH(PL0.01) and sisaifieantly lower levels of K+(PL0.05), C 1-( PL0.01 ) , Ca++(PL0.01 ), Mg++( PL0.01 ), Cu++( PL0.05), glycogen(PL0.01),TC (PL0.01),TP (PLO.Ol), SA (PL0.01) and PBH (PL0.01) in cervical mucus favoured the phenomenon of coception, These differences indicated their use in, tentatively, predicting the fertility status in buffaloes and heifers of Mehsani breed. Na+ levels in clear, turbid and opaque cervical mucus differed significantly. Its highest (PLO.01) and lowest (PL0.01) levels were recorded in opaque and clear mucus respectively. K+ value during late heat was lowest and it differed significantly (PL0.01) from the values recorded during early and mid heat. Cu++ content of buffloe's cervical mucus was lower (PL 0.01) than that of heifers, as regards to estrus stage and uterine tone. Sialic acid increased (PL 0.05) with increase in estrus intensity. However, its level in cervical mucus remained lowest (PL0.05) in buffaloes than that in heifers. Both fucose and protein bound hexose values in cervical muscus remained lowest(PLO.O5) during first lactation when compared with their values in other eight comparative levels . Their highest (P 0.05) values were recorded in cervical mucus of non-lactating non-conceived buffaloes. Overall alkaline phosphatase activity of cervical muscus was found to be lower (PL.0.01) in buffaloes than heifers . Acid phosphatase remained, lower (PL0.01) in conceived group compared to non-conceived group, when studied under lactational status. Similarly, it was higher (PLO.05) in conceived group during weaker uterine tone. On an average buffaloes recorded higher (PL0.05) ACP activity than heifers. LDH activity was recorded higher (PL0.01) in conceived group than non-conceived group, when cervical mucus was tested for consistesicy.