Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by the novel virus SARS-COV-2 which was declared as pandemic by WHO in march 2020. This was the time when the government all over the world imposed different degree of restrictions to control spreading of infection. Many research studies have focused on the general population, frontline workers affected by covid-19. They found increase in mental health problems, psychological stress, anxiety and depression. Couple of studies focused on parenting during lockdown and found that parents reported high stress level due to work given by health agencies and possible risks of infection to their children. The present study was taken to study the impact of stress experienced by the nursing staff on parenting and family adjustment. The tools used for the study were general information schedule prepared by investigator, stress scale by Sharma & Sharma (2019) and parenting and family adjustment scale developed by Sanders (2014) Sample size for the present study was 120 Nurses which included 60 Nurses each from government and private hospitals respectively. Purposive sampling method was used to identify the sample from Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. Interview method was used for collecting data. The data obtained from the study was coded, consolidated, tabulated and analyzed using suitable statistical methods. The results revealed that nearly fifty per cent of the respondents were 34-37 years old followed by 30-33 years (34.27 %) and 38-40 years (20.83 %). Regarding education 67.50 per cent of xviii respondents had diploma in nursing and nearly one fourth of them were graduated and only 6.67 per cent of the sample studied post-graduation. Results related to ordinal position showed that 44.50 per cent of the sample was second born followed by first (34.10 %) and third and above born (23.40 %). Majority of the nurses were married (92.50 %) and only 7.50 per cent of them were widowed. Majority of the nurses were having two children (70.83 %) followed by single child (25.80 %). Nearly fifty per cent of nursing professionals belonged to nuclear family followed by joint (28.33 %) and extended family type (25.83 %). Nearly two third of the sample belonged to small size followed by medium (23.33 %) and large (11.67 %) family size. Majority of the respondents were earning Rs.10000 – 20000 (87.00 %) and only a few were earning by Rs. 20001-30000 (9.00 %) and above Rs.30001 (4.00 %) per month. With regard to socio-economic status, majority (88.30%) of the nursing professionals were in lower middle class and very few were from upper middle class. Nearly two third of the respondents lived in rented houses and 38.33 per cent in own houses. Regarding working conditions nearly two third of the respondents attended the morning shifts followed by (20.00 %) worked in all three shift timings. Regarding shift flexibility 55 per cent of the respondents reported that they had shift flexibility and 45.00 %) had no flexibility for shift timings. Sixty−five per cent of the respondents reported that they worked for double shifts and 35.00 per cent had not worked in double shifts. Almost one third of the respondents were 0-8 kms away from the hospitals followed by 9−16 kms (21.67 %) and 17 kms (11.66 %). Regarding transport 43.33 per cent of the respondents used 2-wheeler followed by walk (27.50 %), 3-wheeler (25.84 %) and 4-wheeler (3.33 %) as mode of transport. Stress levels among the sample showed that majority the sample working in private hospitals (71.66 %) experienced low level of stress and more than fifty per cent of the respondents working in government hospitals (56.67 %) experienced high level of stress. Regarding parent and family adjustment dimensions, majority of the respondents had high positive encouragement (81.70 %) and good parent child relationship (86.70 %), parental adjustment (75.00 %), family relationship (90.80 %) and parental team work (75.00 %). Majority of the respondents practiced coercive parenting (90.80 %) and nearly fifty per cent of the respondents had low parental consistency (57.50 %). Good parenting (89.20 %), family adjustment (86.70 %) and parenting and family adjustment (90.00 %). It was also found that age, monthly income, socio economic status, were significantly correlated with stress level at 0.01 level and type of organization, frequency of double duty and mode xix of transport family size and type of organization were positively related with stress level of respondents at 0.01 level. Results related to impact of stress on parenting and family adjustment showed that parent child relation was negatively correlated with stress level of respondents at 0.01 level of significant. Whereas parent team work was significant at 0.05 level with stress experienced by respondents. Overall parenting and family adjustment were negatively related with stress level at 0.05 level of significance. Impact of stress was negatively correlated with parent child relation (0.01 level of significance), parental team work (0.05 level of significance), parenting (0.05 level of significance) and parental and family adjustment (0.05 level of significance).