Production and Export Performance of Seed Spices in Rajasthan

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For analyzing the production and export performance of the seed spices in the Rajasthan, the current study was conducted from 1998-99 to 2017-18. The entire period was divided into three sub-periods viz. Period I (1998-99 to 2007-08), Period II (2008-09 to 2017-18), and Overall Period (1998-99 to 2017-18). Four major seed spices mainly coriander, cumin, fennel, and fenugreek were considered for the analysis. The necessary data on the area, production, productivity, export quantity, and export earnings were gathered from Spice Board of India and several official sources. The study was done by analyzing the growth rate, instability, and direction of the trade. For this, analytical tools such as Compound Annual Growth Rate, Instability Indices (Coefficient of Variation, Detrended Instability, Cuddy-Della-Valle Index), and Markov Chain Analysis were used. The study revealed that all the seed spices except the coriander showed a high growth rate during the overall period. The analysis of the instability indices revealed that the coriander was the most stable crop while fennel was highly unstable. The Markov Chain Analysis displayed that Malaysia was a loyal importer in most of the seed spices except fenugreek whereas Other countries though import in fewer quantities, there was high stability. Research-Oriented strategy, latest varieties along with an improved package of practices are necessary to develop this sector. Attempts should be made to reach the potential production capacity of the seed spices. Countries like Malaysia, UK, UAE, and the USA need to be given prominence whereas efforts are also desirable to recognize key markets
Production and Export Performance of Seed Spices in Rajasthan
Vilas M.A. And Singh H.