A FEASIBLE STUDY ON DAIRY SERVICES OFFERED IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

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Date
2019
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ACHARYA N G RANGA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, GUNTUR
Abstract
The study was conducted to assess the farmers’ needs in dairy sector, to study the present dairy services offered by various agencies, to identify gap between dairy farmers’ needs and dairy services available and to recommend feasible strategies for farmer development center. The study was conducted in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Two mandals which have highest milch cattle population were selected purposively. In the next stage-5 villages from each mandal were selected and from each village 10 dairy farmers were randomly selected, thus making a total sample size of 100 dairy farmers. About 79.00 per cent of the farmers were male and the 21.00 per cent of the farmers were female. Majority of the farmers were the age group of 26 to 50 years (54.00%), highest per cent of education was high school 43.00 per cent, majority of farmers were small farmers 38.00 per cent, 45 per cent of farmers were having the family size of less than four members. Majority of sample respondents had annual income less than Rs. 35,000.Majority of farmers having kacha cattle houses are 51.00 per cent. Majority 52.00 per cent of farmers having high experience. About 53.00 per cent of the farmers were having herd size of 1 to 3 cattle, 46.00 per cent xi were having 4 to 8 liters of milk production per day and majorly 42.00 per cent of the farmers were having exotic breeds. About farmers needs were vaccination (99%) followed by high milk yielding feed (95%), groundnut straw (93%), exotic breeds (87%). Dairy need index was (96.50 % DNI) vaccination, followed by (97.50% DNI) for high milk yielding feed, (96.50% DNI). The present dairy services offered are medical treatment, market information (100%) are the most available services in the study area and the next best available services are vaccination (96%) and groundnut straw (94%). At door steps dairy services available to the dairy farmers are insurance and vaccination (100%), artificial insemination (88%), chaff cutters (78%), medical treatment (63%). About different agencies offering services are health certificates and government subsidies (100%) followed by fodder maize (89%), training services (72%), bajra (67%). From the gap analysis it can be seen that there is a high percentage of gap in availability of hand outs & literatures (83.90 ) per cent, and health certificates (83.52) per cent, this is due to lack of intrest by farmers, but now, these services are needed to farmers which are being provided by different agencies, veterinary services 73.62 per cent, gap in veterinary services is due to not availability of Assistant veterinary surgeons from department of animal husbandry, no gap in services like marketing information, medical treatment followed by 4.00 per cent in vaccination, lactometer 4.91 per cent. The constraints faced by farmer development centers were lack of qualified veterinarians, high feed and machinery cost which made the farmers reluctant to approach the farmer development centers. The feasible strategies for farmer development centers to offer services are to providing mobile veterinary services for the farmers which helps in easy accessibility under emergency conditions, training programs on different services like health care, deworming and value added products preparation should be provided at home. They should also maintain frozen germ plasm for Artificial insemination.
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D5810
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