A STUDY OF LIVELIHOOD SECURITY AMONG COTTON GROWERS IN GUNTUR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

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Date
2023
Authors
MANIKANTA, DAMMAVALAM
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RPCAU, Pusa
Abstract
The research paper titled "An Investigation into Livelihood Security among Cotton Growers in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh." The investigation was conducted with the particular goal of assessing the livelihood security among small and marginal cotton growers, as well as identifying the factors related to livelihood security among the selected cotton growers. An effort was also undertaken to identify the constraints associated with achieving livelihood security. The Tadikonda and Ponnur blocks of Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district are where the present research investigation was carried out. From every block, three villages were randomly chosen. From each chosen village, a total of 10 small and 10 marginal cotton growers were located. As a result, a sample of 120 cotton growers from six villages was finally chosen for this research. This research investigates a number of variables affecting cotton growers in a specific area. According to the research, the majority of the cotton growers (55.83 percent) are in the middle age range, between the ages of (36 to 50). Additionally, a significant percentage of cotton growers (59.17 percent) are from nuclear families, and (52.50 percent) are associated with medium-sized families. It's important to note that (32.50 percent) of cotton growers were illiterates. (39.17 percent) of them are under the Other Backward Classes (OBC) social group. Above sixty percent of the cotton growers (66.67 percent) have a medium level of family education when it comes to their family and educational standing. Furthermore, a sizable (60.83 percent) of cotton growers belong to only one organization. Cotton growers control precisely half of the small and marginal landholding (50.00 percent) in the research area. (37.50 percent) of cotton growers only work in farming, which is a sizable portion. The majority of families (34.17 percent) have an annual income between Rs. 45,001/- and Rs. 90,000/-. (67.50 percent) of cotton growers had a medium level of owning assets, according to owning assets. Similar to this, the majority of cotton growers exhibit a medium degree of product marketing (65.00 percent), extension contact (60.83 percent), media exposure (55.83 percent), and information-seeking behaviour (57.50 percent). Last but not least, the majority of cotton growers have medium levels of economic motivation and credit orientation (65.00 percent and 62.50 percent, respectively). These results provide important insights for additional research and development plans by illuminating the many variables affecting cotton growers in this area. This research examines the various indicators of livelihood security among cotton growers in a particular area. According to the data, Most of the cotton growers had medium level of Food security (69.16 percent), economic security (64.17 percent), educational security (65.00 percent), social security (56.67 percent), institutional security (66.67 percent), infrastructure security(70.83 percent) and also (43.33 percent) of cotton growers had high level of health security. Whereas the majority of cotton growers (60.83 percent), overall livelihood security is generally at a medium level and the overall extent of livelihood security is 59.04 percent. These findings provide important information for policymakers and stakeholders to implement targeted interventions and improve the general well-being and sustainability of cotton grower’s livelihoods. These findings provide light on the many facets of security among cotton growers in the area. The results reveal, at a 1% level of significance, correlation analysis revealed that a number of factors positively correlated with livelihood security, those are Annual Family Income, Education, Family Education Background, Caste, Social Participation, Occupation, Operational Land Holding, Mass Media Exposure, Extension Contact, Owning assets, and Information Seeking Behaviour. The research also used regression analysis to pinpoint the most significant variables. The most important effects on livelihood security were found to be caused by Annual Family Income, Operational Land Holding, and owning assets, all of which were statistically significant factors. The combined factors account for 88.20 percent of the total variability in the dependent variable, "livelihood security," according to the regression model's goodness of fit, as measured by R2 (0.882). The main constraints faced by cotton growers in a study area. Cotton growers first admitted Lack of knowledge of technical skills and relevant technologies to increase crop output with a mean score - 67.33. Second, Products with low market prices with a mean score - 72.74, additionally, lack of knowledge of the marketing of the products with a mean score of 72.79, additionally, Repeated crop failures with a mean score of 72.79. It was shown that all four barriers had a statistically significant negative influence on the livelihood security of cotton growers in the area. These results highlight the need to address these issues in order to improve the security of cotton grower’s livelihoods. They also throw light on the unique difficulties encountered by cotton growers.
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