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ASSESMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF FARM WOMEN WITH REFRENCE TO RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN KORBA DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH

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NEELAM JAISWAL AGRICULTURAL EXTE...(10.72 MB)

(ASSESMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF FARM WOMEN WITH REFRENCE TO RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN KORBA DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH )

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2016
Awasthi, H.K. | Sengar, R.S. | (Smt.) Shukla, S. | Khare, Neeta
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Raipur

The present study entitled “Assessment of Training needs of Farm Women with reference to Rice Production Technology in Korba District of Chhattisgarh” was carried out during the year 2015-16. Out of total 5 blocks of Korba district, two blocks viz. Pali and Katghora were selected randomly. Out of the total villages, six villages were selected randomly, from each block and 10 Farm women from each selected village, were selected randomly for the collection of data. Thus, total 120 farm women were considered as respondents for the present study. The data were collected personally through pre-tested interview schedule and analyzed by using appropriate statistical methods. The study revealed that majority of respondents belongs to middle age group (36 to 55 years), educated up to primary school level (6th to 8th class) and resided in nuclear family. Majority of the respondents were member of one organization, having medium farming experience (11-20 years) and 100 per cent respondents were performing agriculture as main occupation. Maximum number of respondents having marginal size of land holding (up to 1ha) and annual income in between Rs. 50001 to 1lakh. Maximum 50.84 per cent of the respondents acquired credit and 45.83 per cent respondent had taken loan from cooperative society as for short term duration to purchase the fertilizers. Most of the respondents (54.17%) were having always contact with RAEO’s. Majority of the respondents (80.00%) had medium level of scientific orientation. Majority of the (83.34%) respondents had medium level of knowledge of rice production technology, extent of knowledge 57.79 per cent and knowledge gap 42.21 percent were observed. Maximum 54.16% of the respondents had medium level of adoption of rice production technology where as extent of adoption 40.54% and adoption gap 59.46% were found among the respondent. Most of the respondents (91.66%) were having involvement in transplanting practices of rice production technology. The findings about training needs of farm women in rice production technology in order of importance were found as insect and disease control on Ist priority for training, use of balanced fertilizer ranked IInd, nursery raising III, storage IV, threshing and winnowing V, Weed control VI, seed treatment VII, harvesting techniques VIII and transplanting IX ranked respectively. In correlation analysis the finding revealed that out of 13 independent variables, only 7 variables i.e. Age, education, occupation, annual income, credit acquisition, extension contact, adoption level were found positive and significantly correlated with training needs of farm women. Out of these variables only age, education, annual income, credit acquisition, adoption were found correlated at 0.01 level of probability and occupation, extension contact variable were found significant at 0.05 level of probability. The remaining 6 variables were not indicated significant relationship with training needs of farm women. In case of multiple regressions analysis, out of 13 variables, only 5 variables i.e. age, education, occupation, annual income, extension contact were having positive and significant contribution in the training needs of farm women; remaining 8 variables i.e. family type, land holding, farming experience, credit acquisition, social participation, scientific orientation, knowledge and adoption did not indicate any significant contribution in training needs of farm women. However, all the 13 variables fitted in the model show 78.70 per cent contribution in the training needs of farm women. The problem faced by the respondents in performing improved farm practices of rice production technology like lack of facility for farm implement on hire basis was noted as major problem (75.00%) and lack of information (66.67%) about insect and disease control were reported by the respondents. As regards to suggestion offered by the respondents to remove the problems, 75 percent of the respondents suggested that facility for farm implement on rent basis should be created.

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