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Advisor: D. U. M. Rao
Language: en_US
Type: Thesis
Agrotags: null
Abstract: Agriculture development in India has made great strides in achieving national food security. But this production-centric approach failed to recognise the need to improve the farmer’s economic condition. A need is felt now by everyone to shift our attention to enhancing farm profits. To address farmers’ income related issues, the present study entitled “Making Agriculture Income-Centric: A Multi-Stakeholder Analysis” was conducted to analyse the perception of farmers towards agriculture being remunerative and find possible pathways for making agriculture income-centric through multiple perspectives of various stakeholders. The study was conducted in four districts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. A random sample of 120 farmers, bankers, students, scientists, economists, extension personnel and KVK staff (20 each) were selected for this study to obtain their views and suggestions. Personal interviews were used for data collection. Majority of farmers were illiterate, had no access to weather forecast, had moderate levels of risk orientation, innovative proneness, economic motivation, scientific orientation, management orientation and achievement motivation. Only 39 percent farmers had low extension contact and mass media. The perception of farmers about agriculture being remunerative was operationally defined as their agreement and disagreement on the statements of different aspects of agriculture today. Factor analysis yielded five factors: (i) Hopeful that agriculture would become remunerative through exploiting innovations and market potential, (ii) Hopeful that agriculture would become remunerative through exploding government schemes and diversification, (iii) Agriculture as a poor profession, (iv) Hopeless about agriculture becoming remunerative, and (v) Helpless that agriculture can never become remunerative. The assessment of current economic status of farmers in the study area indicted that about two-thirds of the respondents were small farmers having 1 to 2 ha of land, earning very low income ranging from Rs.5000 to Rs.35000 per annum and also having very low expenditure of Rs.8000 to Rs.38000 per annum. About 47 percent farmers took loans from nationalised banks and 35 percent from moneylenders. Only 40 percent farmers were saving money for different purposes and could save only Rs.5000 per annum. Regression analysis of amount of savings indicated that education, land size, social participation, annual expenditure, economic motivation, scientific orientation, need for achievement and management orientation were found to affect significantly the amount of savings by farmers. The analysis of current themes of thoughts on enhancing farmers’ income indicated that there is a need for shift from production-centric approach to income-centric approach for better agricultural development. More focus needed on post-harvest management, processing and value addition, higher resource use efficiency, market infrastructure, increasing share of producer in consumer rupee, diversifying both crops and farms, helping farmers to organise into FPOs for better prices. Redesigning land leasing laws and redefining mandate of agriculture is imperative to make farming more income-centric. The constraints faced by farmers in getting higher income are: erratic rainfall, severe droughts, uncertainty in yield and market prices, lack of knowledge about market, consumer preferences, grading and standardisation procedure, non-availability of processing units, moneylenders and higher interest and minimum time given for loan repayment. In addition, being unable to decide the prices of their produce for sale, glut in market are other constraints. Analysis of stakeholders’ views indicated the suggestions as: diversified cropping, organic farming, production of own seeds, smart farming, treating farming as business, improving productivity and resource use efficiency, improving market infrastructure, announcement of agriculture as an industry, remunerative prices for all crops and all regions, development of supply chain management. Giving more focus on youth for mentoring and attracting them to agriculture, provision of location specific innovative technological options, bringing knowledge and awareness about ongoing schemes and their proper implementation were other suggestions given by the six types of stakeholders. Thus the study concluded that even though farmers are not getting adequate income from farming, there is still a great scope to help farmers to get higher income through integrated efforts, market reforms and infrastructure for agroprocessing and value addition and thus agriculture can be made remunerative.
Description: T-10091
Subject: Agricultural Extension
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2019
Appears in Collections:Theses

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