Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810117070
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dc.contributor.advisorAlly K.-
dc.contributor.authorJASITHA JA-AFAR-
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-26T06:55:33Z-
dc.date.available2019-07-26T06:55:33Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.urihttp://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810117070-
dc.description.abstractAn experiment was carried out in fifty adult crossbred Malabari goats to study the effect of nutrient supplementation on litter size of does and growth rate of kids. Fifty adult female crossbred Malabari goats were selected from University Goat and Sheep farm, Mannuthy for the experiment. The animals were grouped into two groups as control and experimental animals of twenty five animals each uniformly and they were fed with concentrate mixture containing 18 per cent crude protein and 65 per cent total digestible nutrients (farm ration). The animals were offered fresh hybrid napier grass as the sole roughage. Additional 200 g of the same concentrate mixture were fed to all animals in experimental group two weeks prior to breeding. All the animals from control and experimental groups were examined for pregnancy by abdominal palpation. At the 16th week of gestation pregnancy was further confirmed by ultra sound scanning. Eighteen pregnant animals from each group were selected randomly and maintained on the feeding and management conditions prevailing in the farm up to the fourth month of gestation. At last month of gestation both control and experimental group were divided into three subgroups of six animals. Each groups were allotted randomly to one of the dietary treatments T1 (18 per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN), T2 (20per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN), T3 ( 18per cent CP and 70 per cent TDN).Data on daily dry matter intake, body weight of does during gestation, at kidding and average birth weight of kids and fortnightly body weight of kids for first month were used for evaluation of work. The results of the study indicated that feeding of does with extra 200g of concentrate mixture (18 per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN) two weeks prior to breeding had no significant effect on the litter size of does and average daily gain of kids but there was a difference in the average birth weight of the kids which was 1.56 kg in the control group and 1.83 kg in the experimental group. In addition, maternal nutrition had a significant effect on the average birth weight, average daily gain and fortnightly body weight of kids. Feeding high energy (70 per cent TDN) and high 131 protein (20 per cent CP) concentrate mixture to does during last month of gestation resulted in better average birth weight, daily gain and body weight at the end of first month in kids, both in the control and experimental group. Feeding of diet with high energy had a significant effect on the average birth weight, average daily gain and fortnightly body weight of kids compared to the group that was maintained on the farm ration containing 65 per cent TDN and 18 per cent CP (ICAR 1998).The average birth weight and daily gain of the kids in the high energy group was 2.35 and 0.12 kg for the experimental group and 1.95, 0.11 kg for the control group, respectively. The corresponding values in the high protein group were 2.07 and 0.10 kg for experimental and 1.65 and 0.10 kg for the control group, respectively. A significantly lower values of 1.83 and 0.09 kg in the experimental (T1) and 1.56 and 0.08 kg in the control group (T1) was observed for the birth weight and average daily gain. By taking into account of the total weight of kids after one month, the returns over expenditure were Rs. 3229.64, 3406.24 and 5715.32, respectively for treatments T1, T2 and T3 of control and Rs.4001.66, 5998.30 and 7199.43 for T1, T2 and T3 of experimental group. From the above data it can be concluded that even though supplementation of concentrate mixture with 18 per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN to does, two weeks prior to breeding resulted in better birth weight of kids, feeding of a concentrate mixture with 18 per cent CP and 70 per cent TDN to does during last month of gestation improved the birth weight and total gain in kids and better returns over expenditure compared to concentrate mixture with 20 per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN or 18 per cent CP and 65 per cent TDN. Thus even though high protein diet had significant effect on the growth performance of kids compared to control, feeding a diet with 70 per cent TDN and 18 per cent CP to does in last month of gestation is better in having increased average birth weight and growth performance of kids.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCOLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES-MANNUTHY,THRISSURen_US
dc.subjectnullen_US
dc.titleEFFECT OF NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION ON LITTER SIZE OF MALABARI DOES AND GROWTH RATE OF KIDSen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.pages100en_US
dc.subAnimal Nutritionen_US
dc.themeEFFECT OF NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION ON LITTER SIZE OF MALABARI DOES AND GROWTH RATE OF KIDSen_US
dc.research.problemEFFECT OF NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION ON LITTER SIZE OF MALABARI DOES AND GROWTH RATE OF KIDSen_US
dc.keywordsEFFECT NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION LITTER SIZE MALABARI DOES AND GROWTH RATE KIDSen_US
dc.these.typeM.V.Sc.en_US
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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