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dc.contributor.advisorMercy, A. D.-
dc.contributor.authorALLY., K.-
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-04T05:53:51Z-
dc.date.available2019-07-04T05:53:51Z-
dc.date.issued2003-
dc.identifier.citationKVASU REFERENCE CITATIONen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810111754-
dc.description.abstractA stud\- was conducted in two phases to assess the influence of level and degradability of dietaiy protein on early lactation in crossbred cows. In phase 1. eighteeen crossbred cows in earh' lactation (within one month of lactation) were selected and grouped into three as uniformly as possible with regard to age. sex. paritx. prexious production and stage of lactation and xvere fed with the experimental rations comprising of concentrate mixtures having 26. 20 and 17 per cent CP on DM basis and paddy straw, xvhich were fed in the ratio 70:30 of total DM. The three rations contained 20. 15.41 and 13.2 per cent CP and 63.86. 61.28 and 62.5 per cent TDN on DM. respectively. Individual records of dailv intakes ol concentrate and paddx straw, dailx milk production, fortnightlx data on bodx weight and milk composition were maintained throughout the experimental period of 100 days. Blood samples were collected for assessing levels of haemoglobin, blood glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), plasma calcium and plasma phosphorus. Rumen liquor samples were collected for assessing pH. rumen ammonia nitrogen (NH^-N). total xolatile fattx acid (TVFA) and lactic acid contents. A digestibility trial was conducted toxxards the end of experiment and reproductixe performance of the animals during the experimental period was also assessed. The average dry matter intake (DMI) of animals in the first group (2.99 per cent of body weight) was lower (P<0.05) than those of group II and III (3.54 and 3.79 per cent of the body weight, respectively). The body weight of animals of the three groups were similar, except in the fourth and sixth fortnight, when the weight of animals in the second group was significantly higher (P<0.01) than those of first and third. There were no significant differences in the milk production or composition between the groups during the course of studx. except during the fifth fortnight, milk fat content of group III was loxxer (P<0.05) than that of groups I and II. The pH and lactic acid contents of the rumen liquor 144 collected from animals of group I were higher (P<0.05) than those of groups II and III. while the rumen NH3-N concentration was lower (P<0.05) for the third group than that ol the first and second groups. There was no significant difference on the blood parameters such as haemoglobin, blood glucose, plasma calcium and plasma phosphorus, between the groups while the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level in the 50"" day collection was significantly higher (P<0.01) in the second group than that of the third group. The digestibilit)' coefficient of the nutrients such as ether e.xtract (EE), crude fibre ( CF). neutral detergent fibre (NDE) and acid detergent fibre (ADF) were significantly higher (P<0.01) in the first group. All the animals in the second group and one each in the first and third group conceived during the experimental period. The average number of days from cah ing to first AI of the animals of the three groups were 122. 79.4 and 80. respecti\el\. the difference being nonsignificant. The cost of producing one kg milk in the three groups fed 20. 15.41 and 13.2 per cent CP rations was Rs. 7.79. 7.91 and 7.71. respectively. Results of the study suggest that CP level of 13.2 per cent in the total ration was sufficient to meet the requirements of cows in earh lactation, producing a peak of 10 kg milk. During phase II. 12 crossbred cows in early lactation (within one month of lactation) were selected and grouped into two as uniformly as possible as done in phase I. They were fed 17 per cent CP concentrate mixture' with two levels of undegradable protein (UDP) (26.8 and 42.9 per cent of CP) and paddy straw as the roughage in 70:30 ratio. The rations had 64.33 and 66.98 per cent TON respectively on DM basis. The experiment was conducted similar to that of phase I for a period of 100 days. In addition to the parameters estimated in the first phase, milk urea nitrogen also was estimated. There was no significant difference in the body weight of animals of the two groups during the experiment. The weekly average DMI was significantl\ higher (P< 0.01) in the first group from the third week of experimental period. The milk 145 production of the animals of the two groups was significantly different during the second and fourteenth week (P<0.01). during the seventh, eighth and thirteenth week (P<0.05) and during the ninth, eleventh and twelfth week (P=0.06). There uas no significant difference in the milk constituents between the two groups except for the fat and total solids which were higher (P<0.01) for the first group. Fhere was no significant difference in the protein and urea nitrogen levels in the milk, or any of the rumen parameters studied except for the rumen NH3-N level uhich was significanth higher (P<0.01) in group I. Except for a significantly higher (P<0.01) blood glucose le\ el in the first group on the 50"' day collection, there was no significant difference in the blood parameters studied between the groups. The digestibilit>- coefficient of the nutrients of the two rations were not different, except EE. which was higher (P<0.01) for the second ration. The reproducti\ e performance of the animals were not affected by the UDP level of the ration since three animals of the first group and two animals of first group conceived during the experimental period. Howe\ er the a\'erage days from calving to first service was numerically lower, though not significant, for the animals of the second group (90.7 in the first group and 74.8 in the second). The cost of production of one kg milk in the two groups was Rs. 6.33 and 7.36. respectively. The ration containing higher UDP (42.9 per cent of CP of concentrate mixture) maintained the milk production better than the low UDP ration, but the cost of production was also higher for high UDP fed group. From the overall results obtained in the present study it could be concluded that a level of 13.2 per cent of CP in the total ration was sufficient for meeting the protein requirements of early lactating crossbred cows producing around 10 kg per da\ . Increasing the UDP level from 26.6 to 42.9 per cent of the CP maintained production better, but cost of milk production was higher indicating that it is not economical to pro\ide high UDP ration for cows when the average daily production is around 10 kgen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCOLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES-MANNUTHY,THRISSURen_US
dc.subjectnullen_US
dc.titleINFLUENCE OF LEVEL AND DEGRADABILITY OF DIETARY PROTEIN ON EARLY LACTATION IN CROSSBRED COWSen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.pages165en_US
dc.subAnimal Nutritionen_US
dc.themeANIMAL NUTRITIONen_US
dc.research.problemINFLUENCE OF LEVEL AND DEGRADABILITY OF DIETARY PROTEIN ON EARLY LACTATION IN CROSSBRED COWSen_US
dc.these.typePh.Den_US
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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