India is a vast country. It stands seventh in the world in terms of area and ranks second largest in terms of population. As per 1981 census country's population was 668 million. Out of this about 78 per cent live in rural areas and nearly 48 per cent of them live below poverty line. A large proportion of the rural population is subject to low income and poverty. Both Central and State Governments have been implementing various developmental welfare programmes for improving the conditions of poor sections for the last one and half decades of planningThe number of developmental schemes like Command Area Development Scheme, Drought Prone Area Development Programme, Small Farmers' Development Agency and Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers etc. were introduced from time to time. Integrated Rural Development Programme is one of them which was launched in the year 1978-79. The main objective of this programme is to identify the weaker sections, who are below poverty line viz., small farmers, marginal farmers, Agricultural labourers, rural artisans, small and petty business men etc., to lift them above the poverty line by providing productive assets. With this background study entitled, WA study of Impact of Integrated Rural Development Programme on its beneficiaries in Kallam Taluka of Osmanabad District (M.S.)M has been conducted and tried to highlight the impact of IRDP implementation in the selected villages of the Block and also suggests suitable measures for its effective implementation. The present study was conducted in Kallam Taluka of Osmanabad district comprising 121 villages. Ten villages were purposively selected. The list of benefi ciaries from selected villages were obtained from the Gramsevak and Panchayat Samiti Office, and then 150 beneficiaries were selected by the 'n'th method of rando mization. Thus, the number of beneficiaries selected was proportionate to the total number of beneficiaries in the selected villages. Additional five members were selected from each village in view of the probability of non availability of the respondents for interview due to some reasons. The data were collected from the 150 selected beneficiaries during their leisure time with the help of well prepared interview schedule. The qualitative data were quantified in view of the objectives. Simple percentageswere worked out to describe the characteristics of the beneficiaries as well as to find out problems of the beneficiaries with respect to IRDP and information sources used by them. The extent of impact of IRDP on the beneficiaries considering different impact aspects was calculated by assigning scores. To find out relationship between selected characteristics and impact aspects i.e. increase in annual income, employment oppor tunities, extent of loans and subsidies secured, increase in capital resources, adoption of relevant agricultural technology, increase in material assets, nutritional status, health services, educational facilities and family planning measures, coefficient of correlation (r) was calculated.