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Impact of self help groups on their beneficiaries in meghalaya

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2017-10-03
Deshmukh, P.R.
Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani
133
Impact of self help groups on their beneficiaries, meghalaya
Agriculture
M.Sc

The present study was conducted in Mylliem and Mawphlang tehsils of East Khasi Hills district from Meghalaya state, with an objective to find out impact analysis of self-help groups on their beneficiaries in Meghalaya. Five villages from each tehsil were selected purposively. Total ten villages were selected for research study. Six beneficiaries and six non-beneficiaries were selected as respondents from each village randomly to comprise a sample of 120 respondents. One short case study method of ex-post-facto medium research design was adopted for this study. The objectives of the study were to study the profile of the self-help group beneficiaries, to study the impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries in Meghalaya, to study the relationship between profile of the beneficiaries and impact, and to study the problems faced by the self-help group beneficiaries and their suggestions to overcome them. The majority (68.33 per cent ) of the beneficiaries and majority (71.67 per cent)of non-beneficiaries were from middle age category, 28.33 per cent and 25.00 per cent of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries respectively were educated upto middle school, majority (81.67 per cent) and (73.33 per cent) beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries respectively were married, majority of the beneficiaries (78.33 per cent) and non-beneficiaries (85.00 percent) had a medium family size, majority (85 per cent) of the beneficiaries and (96.67 per cent) of non-beneficiaries had a nuclear family type, cent per cent (100%) of the beneficiaries and the non-beneficiaries are belonging to the lower caste category (ST/SC), that majority (28.33per cent) of the beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries are engaged in cultivation, majority (66.67 per cent) of the beneficiaries and 71.67 percent of the non-beneficiaries had medium social-participation, majority 60.00 per cent of beneficiaries and 66.67 per cent of the non-beneficiaries fall under medium annual income category, majority (98.33 per cent ) of the beneficiaries had been exposed to more than four training programs while a negligible 1.67 per cent had no training exposure, majority of the beneficiaries (90.00 percent were motivated by to improve standard of living, majority (90.00 per cent) of the beneficiaries and 88.33 per cent of the non-beneficiaries were found in medium level of extension contact, majority (75.00 per cent) beneficiaries and 50.00 percent non-beneficiaries had medium mass media exposure, majority (76.67 per cent) and (85.00 per cent) of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries respectively exhibited medium information seeking behaviour. It can be observed that variables like annual income, training, sources of motivation, mass media exposure, extension contact, social participation and information seeking behaviour was found to have a positive and significant relationship with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries. Variables like age, education, marital status and occupation had a positive and non-significant with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries. While, variables family type and family size had a negative and non-significant correlation with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries while category had no correlation with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries. Multiple regression analysis was carries out for determining the contributions of independent variables with impact of Self Help Group of beneficiaries. The study revealed that the variables viz., category, training, source of motivation, extension contact and information seeking behaviour show a positive and significant relationship with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries, while the variables viz., category, training, sources of motivation, extension contact and information seeking behaviour had a positive significant relationship at 0.05 level of probability with impact of self-help groups on beneficiaries, while age, marital status, occupation and social participation had a positive non-significant relationship with impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries. Variables like education, family type, family size, annual income and mass media exposure had a negative and non-significant relationship with impact on impact of self-help groups on their beneficiaries. The Z value of difference between the mean of two samples was found highly significant at one percent level of probability. The overall impact of SHG on their beneficiaries revealed that medium overall impact was on the majority of the beneficiaries (78.33 per cent) followed by high overall impact (23.33 per cent) and low overall impact (21.67 per cent) for beneficiaries. As for non-beneficiaries, medium overall impact (55.00 per cent) was followed by low overall impact (13.33 per cent) and high overall impact of self-help groups (8.33 per cent). The Z Value of difference between the mean of two samples was found to be highly significant at one percent level of probability. Hence, there was significant difference amongst impact means score of both types of respondents

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