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A STUDY ON TRIBAL FARM FAMILIES OF JASHPUR DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE WITH REFERENCE TO GENDER PARTICIPATION IN POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF RICE

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2017
Khan, M.A. | Sharma, M.L. | Khare, Neeta | Shukla, S.
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidhyalaya, Raipur
129p.
Tribal Farm Family, Post harvest Management, Gender Participation
A STUDY ON TRIBAL FARM FAMILIES OF JASHPUR DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE WITH REFERENCE TO GENDER PARTICIPATION IN POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF RICE
A STUDY ON TRIBAL FARM FAMILIES OF JASHPUR DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE WITH REFERENCE TO GENDER PARTICIPATION IN POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF RICE
M.Sc

The present study was carried out during 2016-17 in the Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh state. This study aims to assess details about men and women participation in different post-harvest activities of rice. This study was conducted in randomly selected 12 villages fromPathalgaon, Kunkuri, Kansabel and Pharsabahar blocks with sample comprised of 120 respondents. The data collection was done personally using interview schedule by the researcher. The findings of the study shows that most of the male and female respondents belonged to middle age group. Majority of the respondents were illiterate and they belonged to Uraon sub-caste. Majority of the male respondents were member in Gram Panchayat. Both male and female respondents had farming experience more than 20 years and cent per cent of the respondents were practicing agriculture as their main occupation and having medium annual income (up to 1 lakh). Friends, village leaders, relatives and neighbourers were found as the major sources of information regarding post-harvest management of rice. The findings shows that most of the land were owned by the male head of the family.The study revealed that the maximum number of respondents were having small size of land holding (1 to2 ha) and their operational holdings were situated near (up to 2 km) to their home. Most of the respondents were having Vertisols (bahra). Canal was found as the most popular irrigation source amongst the irrigated respondents. The average operational holding amongst the respondents was found 1.62 ha. Rice was found as the major crop and it’s average productivity was reported to be 14.64 q/ha.The findings also revealed that majority of the male respondents (69.16%) have medium level and female respondents (56.66%) have low level of scientific orientation. Further, it was found that majority (96.67%) of the male respondents had interest in performing storage/packaging and 97.50 per cent of the female respondents had interest in performing winnowing practice amongst various post-harvest management practices of rice. Majority of the respondents (61.67%) have medium level of adoption of post-harvest management practices for rice.It was found that more than 45 per cent of the marketing activity was done by male only and processing activity was mostly practiced by females only (97.50%). However both, male and female were participation in different activities viz. drying, threshing, winnowing, dehusking, shelling, grading, processing, storage, and marketing activities of rice. In all about one third of the post-harvest activities was performed by female only, 10.63 per cent was done by male only and remaining more than half of the activities was performed by jointly male and female.In correlation analysis, out of selected sixteen characteristics,in the female category the three variables viz. land ownership, education and social participation were found to be negative and age, irrigation availability and interest in performing post-harvest activities were found to be positive and significantly variables. Similarly in the male category two variables viz. age and interest in performing post-harvest activities were found to be positive and significantly correlated with extent of participation in post-harvest management of rice.So many constraints were reported by the respondents as major hinderance for proper and effective post-harvest management of rice. The findings indicates that scarcity of labour, irratic rainfall particularly during drying and transport, infestation of rodents, unavailability of machinery for post-harvest management and marketing related constraints were dominating in the study area.For overcoming the constraints most of the respondents needed subsidy on machinery and timely procurement of rice. Adequate price and procurement policies for scented and fine rice were also needed by the farm families. Control of stray cattles and improved storage structures were also suggested by the respondents for better post-harvest management of rice.

A STUDY ON TRIBAL FARM FAMILIES OF JASHPUR DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE WITH REFERENCE TO GENDER PARTICIPATION IN POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF RICE

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