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THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF GARDEN CRESS SEEDS ON DIABETICS AND HYPERTENSIVE SUBJECTS

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2014-11-20
UMADEVI, HIREMATH.
University of Agricultural Sciences GKVK, Bangalore
182
DIABETICS AND HYPERTENSIVE SUBJECTS
Ph.D

Therapeutic study was conducted to know the efficacy of garden cress seeds. Garden cress seeds were analyzed for proximates, minerals and vitamins. Value added products viz., laddu, biscuit, papad, soup and jaljeera were prepared. Products were evaluated organoleptically and shelf life study was carried out. Nutrients present in garden cress seeds (per 100 g) were 4.24 g of moisture, 26.32 g of protein, 27.80 g of fat, 7.05 g of crude fibre, 29.97 g of carbohydrate and 475 Kcal of energy. Minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper and manganese were found to be 253.46 mg, 418.35 mg, 6.48 mg, 2.37 mg, 2.31 mg and 1.52 mg respectively. Vitamins viz., β-carotene, vitamin C and total tocopherol were 236.00 μg, 16.34 mg and 98.54 mg respectively. With the guidance of medical officer, thirty diabetics and hypertensive subjects were randomly selected from the UAS, dispensary, Bengaluru. For the intervention study, general information, health history, dietary pattern of the subjects was collected by personal interview method and 100 ml of jaljeera was given to the subjects for a period of ninety days. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were recorded for the subjects before and after the therapeutic study. The results revealed that, in diabetics subjects, mean value of glycosylated haemoglobin level was decreased from 7.30 to 6.85 per cent and in hypertensive subjects, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was observed non-significant difference after thirty days and significant difference at intervals of sixty and ninety days. Mean values for total cholesterol, triglycerides were significantly decreased from 182.80 mg/dl to 172.47 mg/dl, 177.10 mg/dl to 168.40 mg/dl respectively. From research findings, it can be concluded that, garden cress seeds has therapeutic benefits and can be utilized for the development of value added diversified products.

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