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EFFECT OF ORGANIC GROWTH PROMOTERS ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF CHICKPEA ( Cicer Arietinum L.) GROWN ON ORGANIC FARM

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(EFFECT OF ORGANIC GROWTH PROMOTERS ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF CHICKPEA ( Cicer Arietinum L.) GROWN ON ORGANIC FARM)

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2014-08
Kaswala, A.R.
Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry Dept., N.M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari
Thesis
M.Sc

A field experiment was conducted on the certified organic farm, ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari during rabi season of the year 2012-13 to study the Effect of organic growth promoters on yield and quality of Chick pea ( Cicer arietinum L.) grown on organic farm. The treatment comprises of various organic growth promoters viz., T1: BC:VC:CC + Panchagavya (2%), T2: BC:VC:CC + Jivamrut (2%), T 3 : BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%), T 4 : BC:VC:CC + Enriched sap (1%), T 5 : BC:VC:CC + Vermibedwash (2%) and T 6 : BC:VC:CC (Control). These were replicated four times in RBD. Treatment receiving application of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) (T 3 ) recorded significantly higher values of plant height, plant spread, number branches per plant, number of pods per plant at 60 DAS and at harvest as well as other ancillary growth and yield attributing parameters. Significantly higher grain (952.30 kg ha - 1 ) and stover (1870.55 kg ha -1 ) yield of chickpea were observed under the treatment of applicatio n of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) (T 3 ) which was at par with treatment T 4 and T 5 in case of grain yield and with T 4 , T 5 and T 2 in case of stover yield. Except N the content of all macro and micro nutrients in chickpea grain and straw were not differed signifi cantly due to the treatments of different organic growth promoters. Uptake of all the macro and micro -nutrient by chickpea grain and straw were significantly differed due to different organics growth promoters. Treatment of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) (T 3 ) showed significantly higher uptake of all the nutrients by grain and straw. Significantly higher protein content was observed with a treatment of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) (T 3 ). Whole as a treatment effect on carbohydrate and fibre content was non - significant. Physical (bulk density and WSA) as well as chemical properties (pH, EC, OC%, available nutrients) does not differed significantly due to application of various organic growth promoters. Various cooking quality parameters such as density, soaked density, hydration capacity, hydration index, swelling capacity and swelling index of seed were significantly influenced due to various organic growth promoters. Higher value of these parameters were observed with the application of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) (T 3 ) and were at par with of the treatments. Economically, treatment of BC:VC:CC + Cow urine (2%) proved better, as it gave maximum net realization of Rs. 20671 ha - 1 and highest BCR of 1.77 compared to other treatments.

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