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Biochemical efficiacy of homa organic farming in soyabean crop
A field experiment laid out in completely randomly block design with eight treatments exposed to Homa atmosphere replicated thrice was conducted during kharif 2009 to study the Biochemical efficacy of Homa Organic Farming in soybean crop (JS 335). The conventional control (CC) and control without Homa (CWH) were maintained 1 km away. Basal treatment to all the Homa treatment (HT) seeds was fresh cow dung and cow urine. Agnihotra Homa (AH) at sunrise and sunset and Om Tryambakam Homa (OTH) performed for 3-4 h daily yielded smoke and ash. Homa ash was used for seed treatment and for furrow application. Biosol prepared, contained AH ash and was used for soil and foliar application. The OTH ash as seed treatment and foliar application of Biosol was superior in plant height, dry matter accumulation (DMA) in leaves, grain and straw yield and 100 seed weight. The AH ash as seed treatment with Biosol as soil application was significantly superior over control in DMA in stem, total biomass per plant, number of pods per plant, nodule count and nodule dry weight wherein Homa ashes and Biosol as furrow application increased nodule count by 55-105 per cent over CC and 106-180 per cent over CWH. The macro and micro nutrients increased in soil with furrow application of both the Homa ashes and Biosol. Soil Zn content and dehydrogenase activity increased (151% and 233%, respectively) over control with soil application of AH ash and Biosol. Rust incidence and insect attack was significantly low (10-30 %) with foliar application of Biosol. Total protein and oil content increased on HT and activities of -amylase and invertase in soy seeds on soil application of Biosol were superior. Homa smoke, ashes and Biosol thus show promise to the farming community to produce disease free healthy crops with good returns.
UAS, Dharwad
Biochemical efficiacy of homa organic farming in soyabean crop
Plant Biotechnology
Biochemical efficiacy of homa organic farming in soyabean crop