Agriculture University, Jodhpur was established on 14th September, 2013 by Government of Rajasthan under Agriculture University, Jodhpur Act 21 of 2013 to focus on holistic development of arid and semi-arid regions of the state covering 6 districts (Jodhpur, Barmer, Nagaur, Pali, Jalore and Sirohi), constituting 28% of total geographical area which is sustaining 20.8% human and 28.4% animal population of the state. The districts under jurisdiction of the university cover 3 agro-ecological zones of the state. These are Arid Western Plain Zone Ia (Jodhpur and Barmer districts), Transitional plain of Luni Basin Zone IIb (Jalore, Pali, and Sirohi districts) and part of Transitional Plain of Inland Drainage Zone IIa (Nagaur district). The university has 1 institute of diploma and 3 colleges to produce highly competent educated human resources in agriculture and allied sciences besides 2 agricultural research stations, one each in zone Ia & IIb and 3 agricultural research sub stations, one in each zone to prepare, plan and perform highly need based research in this acute water scarce but naturally rich bio-diversified zone of the country. The third most important part in tri-pillar (Teaching, Research & Extension) of agricultural development, the extension for transfer of technologies are reached to doorsteps of the farming community by 6 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (K-V-Ks), 2 in Nagaur district and 1 each in Jodhpur, Barmer, Jalore & Sirohi districts under the umbrella of the university. The different units of teaching, research and extension are coordinating to systematically run by the headquarter situated at Mandor, Jodhpur.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is oldest oil seed crop and affected by several
diseases, in which Mcrophomina phaseolina causes heavy yield losses during
cropping season. It caused stem and root rot and affect plant parts during all stages of
the crop growth. Pathogen having a wide host range, survive in soil as saprophytic
and in form of sclerotia, and management is difficult in nature, therefore it is a major
problem in sesame growing areas.
The disease incidence was (15.18 - 32.74%) recorded during survey in major
sesame growing areas of Western Rajasthan. The disease samples were brought to
laboratory for further studies. Disease incidence was found maximum in Pali district
(32.74%) followed by Jodhpur (28.39%), Nagaur (27.79%) and lowest incidence was
observed in Barmer district (15.18%). Mean disease incidence was 26.00%.
Pathogen was isolated from infected stem and root parts and purified by using
hyphal tip cut method. Proved pathogenicity through Koch’s postulates by using seed
cum soil inoculation techniques and 55.32% disease incidence was observed.
Five isolates were achieved namely, AUMP-1, AUMP-2, AUMP-3, AUMP-4
and AUMP-5 identified. The variability among the different isolates of M. phaseolina
was studied to determine the growth parameter and sclerotial formation of each
isolate. AUMP-1 was most virulent isolate. M. phaseolina grew best at 30ºC
temperature and observed maximum mycelial growth (90.00 mm) in the isolate
AUMP-1under in vitro conditions.
In the cultural and morphological studies, M. phaseolina was initially
appeared as dirty white mycelium then turn to fluffy white to black with minute dark
black sclerotia on PDA medium. The hyphal branch was at dense and feathery angles
with constriction of hyphal branches at their point of origin with closed septum. The
microsclerotia were dark black in colour and varied in size with 70.27 – 99.00 µm.
The pycnidia was not observed on cultural media.
From the study on effect of solid cultural media, the highest radial growth and
excellent sclerotial formation was obtained on PDA (90.00 mm) and proved best
followed by Richard’s Agar (83.63 mm) for growth of M. phaseolina