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Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur

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The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established on 12th June 1964 at Hyderabad. The University was formally inaugurated on 20th March 1965 by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India. Another significant milestone was the inauguration of the building programme of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi,the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India on 23rd June 1966. The University was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on 7th November 1996 in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga, who rendered remarkable selfless service for the cause of farmers and is regarded as an outstanding educationist, kisan leader and freedom fighter. HISTORICAL MILESTONE Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) was established under the name of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) on the 12th of June 1964 through the APAU Act 1963. Later, it was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on the 7th of November, 1996 in honour and memory of the noted Parliamentarian and Kisan Leader, Acharya N. G. Ranga. At the verge of completion of Golden Jubilee Year of the ANGRAU, it has given birth to a new State Agricultural University namely Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University with the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014. The ANGRAU at LAM, Guntur is serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication. Genesis of ANGRAU in service of the farmers 1926: The Royal Commission emphasized the need for a strong research base for agricultural development in the country... 1949: The Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) on University Education led to the establishment of Rural Universities for the overall development of agriculture and rural life in the country... 1955: First Joint Indo-American Team studied the status and future needs of agricultural education in the country... 1960: Second Joint Indo-American Team (1960) headed by Dr. M. S. Randhawa, the then Vice-President of Indian Council of Agricultural Research recommended specifically the establishment of Farm Universities and spelt out the basic objectives of these Universities as Institutional Autonomy, inclusion of Agriculture, Veterinary / Animal Husbandry and Home Science, Integration of Teaching, Research and Extension... 1963: The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) Act enacted... June 12th 1964: Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established at Hyderabad with Shri. O. Pulla Reddi, I.C.S. (Retired) was the first founder Vice-Chancellor of the University... June 1964: Re-affilitation of Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Hyderabad (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Osmania University), Agricultural College, Bapatla (estt. in 1945, affiliated to Andhra University), Sri Venkateswara Agricultural College, Tirupati and Andhra Veterinary College, Tirupati (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University)... 20th March 1965: Formal inauguration of APAU by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India... 1964-66: The report of the Second National Education Commission headed by Dr. D.S. Kothari, Chairman of the University Grants Commission stressed the need for establishing at least one Agricultural University in each Indian State... 23, June 1966: Inauguration of the Administrative building of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India... July, 1966: Transfer of 41 Agricultural Research Stations, functioning under the Department of Agriculture... May, 1967: Transfer of Four Research Stations of the Animal Husbandry Department... 7th November 1996: Renaming of University as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga... 15th July 2005: Establishment of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University (SVVU) bifurcating ANGRAU by Act 18 of 2005... 26th June 2007: Establishment of Andhra Pradesh Horticultural University (APHU) bifurcating ANGRAU by the Act 30 of 2007... 2nd June 2014 As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014, ANGRAU is now... serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication...

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING AS A METHOD FOR SPECIES DIFFERENTIATION OF RAW AND COOKED MEATS
    (Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur) Abraham, J; VARADA RAJULU, P
    ABSTRACT Name of Author Title of the thesis : J. ABRAHAM : ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING AS A METHOD FOR SPECIES DIFFERENTIATION OF RAW AND COOKED MEATS. Degree to which it is submitted : DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Faculty Guide University : Department of Meat Science and Technology, College of Veterinary Sciences, Tirupati-5 17 502. : Dr. P. Varada Rajalu, M,V.Sc. PhD. Professor and University Head, Department of Meat Science and Technology, College of Veterinary Sciences, Tirupati. : Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad-500 030. Year of Submission : 1987 A study to assess the suitability of Agarose Isoelectric focusing technique (AGIEF) for the species identification of raw and cooked meats was undertaken For the extraction of proteins from raw meats, both distilled water (DWER) and 8 M urea solution (UER) were found to be suitable while only the latter was efficient for extraction of denatured proteins of cooked meats (UEC). The pherograms resolved from DWER and UER of beef, buff (buffalo meat), chevon and mutton on AGIEF at pH ranges of 3.5 to 9.5 and 5.0 - 8.0 showed distinguishable differences in their band patterns enabling species identification. It was also found that the species identification of raw meats could be done rapidly based on the difference in the focal points of the two coloured myoglobin bands found in the unstained isoelectric focused gels at both pH ranges. An extraction time of 36 to 48 hours was found to be necessary for the solubilisation and extraction of denatured proteins from cooked meats. Both, Coomassie brilliant blue R-250 and Coomassie brilliant blue R, were found to be suitable dyes for staining the bands resolved from raw meats while only the latter was efficient for staining the bands resolved from cooked meats, Irrespective of the temperature (60'. 80°, loo0 and 120' C) and duration of cooking (15, 30 and 60 min.) and intensely stained major band which showed specific differences in the focal points among the four species studied, along with few other minor bands were resolved on AGIEF using UEC, at both pH ranges of 3.5 - 9.5 and 5.0 - 8.0. Eventhough there was a slight decrease in the intensity of the bands as the temperature of cooking increased from 60' to 120' C, the species-specificity and the position of the bands were retained in the pherograms. Addition of salt (3%) and spices (5%) did not affect the band pattern and intensity of staining or interfere with the species identification using AGIEF. Binary samples of meats cooked at 120' C for 60 rnin. showed two intensely stained bands which could be dl fferentiated and identified by comparing their band pattern with those of individual species samples. It was also possible to detect the level of adulteration in binary cooked samples even at ten percent level by AGIEF. The peak heights and distances observed in the densitometric scan corresponded to the fntensity xiv and focal points respectively of the bands resolved In the pherograms of meat samples from different species. AGIEF was found to be a simple, rapid, effective and reliable method for the species identification of raw and cooked meats.