The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established on 12th June 1964 at Hyderabad.
The University was formally inaugurated on 20th March 1965 by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India. Another significant milestone was the inauguration of the building programme of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi,the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India on 23rd June 1966.
The University was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on 7th November 1996 in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga, who rendered remarkable selfless service for the cause of farmers and is regarded as an outstanding educationist, kisan leader and freedom fighter.
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) was established under the name of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) on the 12th of June 1964 through the APAU Act 1963. Later, it was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on the 7th of November, 1996 in honour and memory of the noted Parliamentarian and Kisan Leader, Acharya N. G. Ranga. At the verge of completion of Golden Jubilee Year of the ANGRAU, it has given birth to a new State Agricultural University namely Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University with the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014. The ANGRAU at LAM, Guntur is serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication.
Genesis of ANGRAU in service of the farmers
1926: The Royal Commission emphasized the need for a strong research base for agricultural development in the country...
1949: The Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) on University Education led to the establishment of Rural Universities for the overall development of agriculture and rural life in the country...
1955: First Joint Indo-American Team studied the status and future needs of agricultural education in the country...
1960: Second Joint Indo-American Team (1960) headed by Dr. M. S. Randhawa, the then Vice-President of Indian Council of Agricultural Research recommended specifically the establishment of Farm Universities and spelt out the basic objectives of these Universities as Institutional Autonomy, inclusion of Agriculture, Veterinary / Animal Husbandry and Home Science, Integration of Teaching, Research and Extension...
1963: The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) Act enacted...
June 12th 1964: Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established at Hyderabad with Shri. O. Pulla Reddi, I.C.S. (Retired) was the first founder Vice-Chancellor of the University...
June 1964: Re-affilitation of Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Hyderabad (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Osmania University), Agricultural College, Bapatla (estt. in 1945, affiliated to Andhra University), Sri Venkateswara Agricultural College, Tirupati and Andhra Veterinary College, Tirupati (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University)...
20th March 1965: Formal inauguration of APAU by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India...
1964-66: The report of the Second National Education Commission headed by Dr. D.S. Kothari, Chairman of the University Grants Commission stressed the need for establishing at least one Agricultural University in each Indian State...
23, June 1966: Inauguration of the Administrative building of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India...
July, 1966: Transfer of 41 Agricultural Research Stations, functioning under the Department of Agriculture...
May, 1967: Transfer of Four Research Stations of the Animal Husbandry Department...
7th November 1996: Renaming of University as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga...
15th July 2005: Establishment of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University (SVVU) bifurcating ANGRAU by Act 18 of 2005...
26th June 2007: Establishment of Andhra Pradesh Horticultural University (APHU) bifurcating ANGRAU by the Act 30 of 2007...
2nd June 2014 As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014, ANGRAU is now...
serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication...
Coarse cereals such as sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet and foxtail millet
have a significant effect on the cropping pattern on dryland regions as they require little
inputs and are more drought resistant compared to other competing crops. Coarse
cereals are mostly grown as dual purpose crops to meet both food and fodder
requirements. The importance of the millet foods are increasing day by day, because of
the systematic linkage between food intake and human health. The rise in demand for
healthy foods is mainly due to the increase in life style and diseases like diabetes,
obesity, cardio vascular diseases and cancers. Commercialization with value addition of
the products is the only way to increase the consumption of millets.
The objective of the present study was to collect the data on consumption of
millets in urban areas of Guntur city. The study is based on primary data collected from
sample of 150 respondents (High income group (HIG), Middle income group (MIG)
and Low income group (LIG)) located in urban areas of Guntur city. The data on
consumption of millets was collected with the help of a structured interview schedule
developed based on the study objectives and the collected data was processed using
Percentages, Chi-square test and Inferential statistics and was analyzed and presented in
the form of tables to draw valid conclusions. Several factors affect the consumption of
millets which resulted in shifting of consumers from millets to fine cereals. Socioeconomic
factor is one of the major variable which changes the food purchasing
behavior which is unique for each consumer. Seventy percent people were found to be
consuming millets in the different forms while 30 percent of people were not consuming
millets due to several reasons.
The education, income and health level of the family are the major factors that
were found to influence the consumption of millets. The present study found a positive
association between education levels and millet consumption. The millet consumers
were more in the higher education level category compared to those who belonged to
lower education category. Seventy percent of the respondents expressed that they could
observe an improvement in their health status due to consumption of millets. Thus
millet consumption was found to be positively associated with health status. Income
status too influenced millet consumption.
The data showed that 92 percent of the respondents were aware of benefits of
millet consumption and yet the respondents were not actually consuming millets
because of reasons like lack of purchasing capacity, drudgery involved in preparation of
millet products and non availability of millet products in the market.
The data on frequency of consumption of millets showed that millets were
being consumed everyday or on alternate days and the respondents were personally
benefited by consumption of millets. While majority of the consumers believed that
millets are better than wheat and rice and in terms of nutritive value, a few believed that
wheat and rice are superior to millets. The study revealed that the nutritional and health
implications of millets are being realized by the people of all income groups.