The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established on 12th June 1964 at Hyderabad.
The University was formally inaugurated on 20th March 1965 by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India. Another significant milestone was the inauguration of the building programme of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi,the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India on 23rd June 1966.
The University was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on 7th November 1996 in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga, who rendered remarkable selfless service for the cause of farmers and is regarded as an outstanding educationist, kisan leader and freedom fighter.
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) was established under the name of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) on the 12th of June 1964 through the APAU Act 1963. Later, it was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on the 7th of November, 1996 in honour and memory of the noted Parliamentarian and Kisan Leader, Acharya N. G. Ranga. At the verge of completion of Golden Jubilee Year of the ANGRAU, it has given birth to a new State Agricultural University namely Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University with the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014. The ANGRAU at LAM, Guntur is serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication.
Genesis of ANGRAU in service of the farmers
1926: The Royal Commission emphasized the need for a strong research base for agricultural development in the country...
1949: The Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) on University Education led to the establishment of Rural Universities for the overall development of agriculture and rural life in the country...
1955: First Joint Indo-American Team studied the status and future needs of agricultural education in the country...
1960: Second Joint Indo-American Team (1960) headed by Dr. M. S. Randhawa, the then Vice-President of Indian Council of Agricultural Research recommended specifically the establishment of Farm Universities and spelt out the basic objectives of these Universities as Institutional Autonomy, inclusion of Agriculture, Veterinary / Animal Husbandry and Home Science, Integration of Teaching, Research and Extension...
1963: The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) Act enacted...
June 12th 1964: Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established at Hyderabad with Shri. O. Pulla Reddi, I.C.S. (Retired) was the first founder Vice-Chancellor of the University...
June 1964: Re-affilitation of Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Hyderabad (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Osmania University), Agricultural College, Bapatla (estt. in 1945, affiliated to Andhra University), Sri Venkateswara Agricultural College, Tirupati and Andhra Veterinary College, Tirupati (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University)...
20th March 1965: Formal inauguration of APAU by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India...
1964-66: The report of the Second National Education Commission headed by Dr. D.S. Kothari, Chairman of the University Grants Commission stressed the need for establishing at least one Agricultural University in each Indian State...
23, June 1966: Inauguration of the Administrative building of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India...
July, 1966: Transfer of 41 Agricultural Research Stations, functioning under the Department of Agriculture...
May, 1967: Transfer of Four Research Stations of the Animal Husbandry Department...
7th November 1996: Renaming of University as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga...
15th July 2005: Establishment of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University (SVVU) bifurcating ANGRAU by Act 18 of 2005...
26th June 2007: Establishment of Andhra Pradesh Horticultural University (APHU) bifurcating ANGRAU by the Act 30 of 2007...
2nd June 2014 As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014, ANGRAU is now...
serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication...
India like many other developing countries in the world is witnessing the rapid
ageing of population. The traditional sense of duty and obligation of the younger
generation towards older generation is being decreased because of changes in the
economic structure, the erosion of societal values and social institutions such as the
joint family. Main reasons behind these changes are urbanization, modernization, and
globalization which are rapidly changing economic and social situation to such an
extent that the younger generation is searching for new identities encompassing
economic independence and redefined social roles within, as well as outside, the
family. Nowadays, the role of families in case of older persons has declined due to
structural changes which have taken place in the Indian society and disintegration of
the joint family system, which results in the rejection of the aged. In fact, the older
generation is caught between the decline in traditional values on one hand and the
absence of adequate social security system on the other.
In India, the section of elderly population depends on their children for
physical, moral and financial support. However, owing to the socio-cultural changes
occurring in India and slowly diminishing the joint family system is increasing the
emergence of institutional settings with steady rise in the number of inmates joining
institutions. The elderly taking shelter in institutions are either willingly or forced to
live in such circumstances for varied reasons. With this the elderly may perceive to
live in an environment which is either unfamiliar to their own and or adapt to the
changing environment and circumstances imposed on them.
Quality of life is defined as general wellbeing of the elderly persons which
includes physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environmental
relationships when each individual possess in all these aspects they have a chance to
improve quality of life. So the present study was aimed in order to measure and
compare the quality of life of elderly persons living in institutional and noninstitutional
settings in bifurcated Andhra Pradesh state, to be precise in Guntur
district were selected for the purpose of study.
The data was collected by using a developed general information schedule and
WHOQOL-BREF standardized questionnaire (1996) through a house-to-house survey
on elderly residing in institutional and non-institutional settings. The sample was
collected from the institutional and non-institutional settings by using purposive
sampling technique. The data on institutional elderly persons was collected from six
institutions of elderly persons located in Guntur district. The sample size of the study
was 60, out of which 30 elderly persons were from institutional setting and the other
30 elderly persons were from non-institutional setting in the age group of 60-80 years.
Results on general demographic profile of institutional and non-institutional
settings of elderly persons revealed that majority of the elderly respondents belonged
to young-old group 60-69 years from non-institutional setting. Whereas in
institutional setting, more than half of (57%) elderly belonged to young-old group. It
was interested to revealed that majority of non-institutionalized elderly were
financially independent compared to institutionalized elderly.
The present study focused on differences of quality of life of institutional and
non-institutional settings of elderly persons. There was a significant difference
between overall quality of life and health status of elderly residing in both settings.
Significant difference was also found in between the socio-demographic variables
with levels of quality of life of elderly residing in both settings. Finally it was
concluded that quality of life was better among institutional elderly compared to noninstitutions.
It might be due to timely consumption of food, sanitation, availability of
medical facilities and medical checkups.
This study helps to understand the needs and problems of elderly persons
living in institutional and non-institutional settings.
The findings of the present study may be useful to do improvisations in the
institutional setting as well as in non-institutional settings to provide facilities for
good quality of life of elderly persons. Quality of life depends on multiple dimensions
of well being which needs comprehensive assessment and multidimensional approach
to improve. In order to improve quality of life of elderly persons family support,
policies and programmes should be considered and create awareness on them.