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ThesisItem Open AccessA COMPARATIVE STUDY ON QUALITY OF LIFE OF ELDERLY PERSONS RESIDING IN INSTITUTIONAL AND NON- INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SHAIK, RESHMA; BILQUISIndia like many other developing countries in the world is witnessing the rapid ageing of population. The traditional sense of duty and obligation of the younger generation towards older generation is being decreased because of changes in the economic structure, the erosion of societal values and social institutions such as the joint family. Main reasons behind these changes are urbanization, modernization, and globalization which are rapidly changing economic and social situation to such an extent that the younger generation is searching for new identities encompassing economic independence and redefined social roles within, as well as outside, the family. Nowadays, the role of families in case of older persons has declined due to structural changes which have taken place in the Indian society and disintegration of the joint family system, which results in the rejection of the aged. In fact, the older generation is caught between the decline in traditional values on one hand and the absence of adequate social security system on the other. In India, the section of elderly population depends on their children for physical, moral and financial support. However, owing to the socio-cultural changes occurring in India and slowly diminishing the joint family system is increasing the emergence of institutional settings with steady rise in the number of inmates joining institutions. The elderly taking shelter in institutions are either willingly or forced to live in such circumstances for varied reasons. With this the elderly may perceive to live in an environment which is either unfamiliar to their own and or adapt to the changing environment and circumstances imposed on them. xviii Quality of life is defined as general wellbeing of the elderly persons which includes physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environmental relationships when each individual possess in all these aspects they have a chance to improve quality of life. So the present study was aimed in order to measure and compare the quality of life of elderly persons living in institutional and noninstitutional settings in bifurcated Andhra Pradesh state, to be precise in Guntur district were selected for the purpose of study. The data was collected by using a developed general information schedule and WHOQOL-BREF standardized questionnaire (1996) through a house-to-house survey on elderly residing in institutional and non-institutional settings. The sample was collected from the institutional and non-institutional settings by using purposive sampling technique. The data on institutional elderly persons was collected from six institutions of elderly persons located in Guntur district. The sample size of the study was 60, out of which 30 elderly persons were from institutional setting and the other 30 elderly persons were from non-institutional setting in the age group of 60-80 years. Results on general demographic profile of institutional and non-institutional settings of elderly persons revealed that majority of the elderly respondents belonged to young-old group 60-69 years from non-institutional setting. Whereas in institutional setting, more than half of (57%) elderly belonged to young-old group. It was interested to revealed that majority of non-institutionalized elderly were financially independent compared to institutionalized elderly. The present study focused on differences of quality of life of institutional and non-institutional settings of elderly persons. There was a significant difference between overall quality of life and health status of elderly residing in both settings. Significant difference was also found in between the socio-demographic variables with levels of quality of life of elderly residing in both settings. Finally it was concluded that quality of life was better among institutional elderly compared to noninstitutions. It might be due to timely consumption of food, sanitation, availability of medical facilities and medical checkups. This study helps to understand the needs and problems of elderly persons living in institutional and non-institutional settings. The findings of the present study may be useful to do improvisations in the institutional setting as well as in non-institutional settings to provide facilities for good quality of life of elderly persons. Quality of life depends on multiple dimensions of well being which needs comprehensive assessment and multidimensional approach to improve. In order to improve quality of life of elderly persons family support, policies and programmes should be considered and create awareness on them. ThesisItem Open AccessADOPTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGNS FROM SCULPTURES OF AMARAVATHI (ANDHRA PRADESH) ON TEXTILES(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SUVARNA, B; ANITHA, DAmaravathi sculpture, flourished in the Andhra region of south-eastern India from about the 2nd century BC to the end of the 3rd century AD, during the rule of the Sātavāhana dynasty. Amaravati was a seat of Buddhism prior to the rise of Satavahanas, and a stupa and monastery was built there during the reign of Emperor Ashoka (269-232 BC) under Mauryan empire. The great stupa or Mahachaitya at Amaravati was one of the biggest in Andhra Pradesh done in Amaravati School of art and sculpture during the Satavahna period in 3rd century BCE. The sculptural wealth seen adorned the Mahacahitya is known for its superb reliefs, which are among the world’s finest examples of narrative sculpture. Most of the Amaravati sculptures are made of limestone. Today, there are only a few slabs of the stone left in Amaravati. These structures are now replicated with cement. It is from these replicated sculptural pieces and information from net, different pictures of Buddhist sculpture were collected. Out of many pictures collected, a total of 40 sculptural designs consisting of animal, birds, floral, creepers were identified. From the selected 40 motifs, twenty were selected for sarees and another 20 for dress materials. All 40 developed motifs were number 1-20 for sarees and 1-20 for dress materials and were placed for the selection of five best each for dress material and sarees. A panel of 30 judges critically evaluated the motifs using a questionnaire developed to identify the best five. Judges evaluation was analysed by using frequency and percentages and final 10 motifs were selected. Selected motifs were modified using CorelDRAW X5 suitable for dress material and sarees either using a part of the motif or whole of the motif. xv NAME : B. SUVARNA ID. NO. : GHM/2016/01 TITLE OF THE THESIS : ADOPTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGNS FROM SCULPTURES OF AMARAVATHI (Andhra Pradesh) ON TEXTILES DEGREE TO WHICH IT IS SUBMITTED : MASTER OF SCIENCE IN HOME SCIENCE MAJOR FIELD : TEXTILES AND APPAREL DESIGNING FACULTY : HOME SCIENCE MAJOR ADVISOR : DR. (MRS.) D. ANITHA UNIVERSITY : ACHARYA N. G. RANGA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY YEAR OF SUBMISSION : 2018 As kurti is a favourite of the adolescents, motifs were modified to suit the kurti material. Modified motifs were retained for dress material along with additional design for neck region or sleeve border to enhance the overall look of the kurti. In case of sarees, the modified motifs were further developed into designs as per the present trend with borders, pallu and butis in the saree. Each motif/design was rendered in three colour ways for both kurti material and saree. Motif/design was shown in three different placements on both sarees and dress materials. For developing colour ways, colours that are used in Kalamkari painting of Srikalahasti were used with the help of CorelDRAW software. All the developed designs were evaluated by a panel of thirty judges for selection of one top preferred colourway and placement for each motif/design for both sarees and for dress materials. Fabric of 100 per cent plain weave cotton in 90s X 65s count for sarees and 60s X 40s count for dress materials was sourced from Vijayawads, to render Kalamkari painting with sculptural motifs and designs. Sarees and dress materials were treated and painted using Kalamkari technique as per the preferred placements and colour ways using natural colours at Sri Kalahasti of Chittoor district. The cost of each saris was determined by adding the cost of fabric, painting material, and labour involved in tracing, painting and finishing. The final products-Kalamkari painted saris and dress materials were assessed for consumer’s acceptability on 11 different parameters. The selected five dress materials motifs numbers were 19, 20, 5, 2 and 1 were ranked I, II, III, IV and V respectively. Then, among the other 20 motifs for sarees, selected five motifs numbers were 2, 3, 4, 7 and 11 which were ranked as I, II, III, IV and V respectively. Consumer evaluation revealed that all the dress materials and sarees painted with Kalamkari technique were found to be very appealing and accepted on all the parameters of assessment. The cost of the dress materials and saris was rated appropriate by all the consumers. Thus, Amaravathi sculptural motifs adapted for development of designs for dress materials and saris have broaden the design base for textile products and could cater to the demands of high-end consumers through diversity of designs and unique technique of Kalamkari. ThesisItem Open AccessA STUDY ON MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN RESIDING IN GOVERNMENT INSTITUTION AND SOS MODEL INSTITUTION IN GUNTUR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) MANEESHA, SAMUDRALA; UMA DEVI, LChildren are the pillars of the nation. The growth of a child depends on his/her family. But in few cases children are placed in institutions. Institutionalized Children are infants and young children who are raised in institutions. Maintenance of mental health appears to be most crucial to the maintenance of the other aspects of the human health. It has been noted that the body responds to the way individuals think, feel and act, which is often referred to the “mind/body connection. When there is a breakdown in mental health, the physical health, as well as the social health tends to suffer more. Although many studies were found on mental health status of children residing in institutions and non-institutions but very few studies were done on comparisons within the institutionalized children. Hence the present study was proposed to study the mental health status of children residing in Government and SOS model institutions. The present study focuses on knowing the mental health status of children residing in Government institution and SOS model institution in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. The present study was conducted on 120 subjects, 60 each from Government and SOS model institutions. The study was Ex-post facto designed and the sample was collected by purposive random sampling method. The present study was carried out in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. General profile of respondents was collected by using general information schedule. Mental Health Status of institutionalized children was measured by using Mental Health Battery (MHB) developed by ArunKumar Singh and Alpana Sen Gupta (2005). Results on general profile of children revealed that most of the sample age ranged between 13 and 14 years. Most of the institutionalized children were found to be as paternal orphans and maternal orphans in both the institutions. Children who were staying since 7 years were more in number in both Government (67%) and SOS model institutions (40%). Children were admitted into the institutions mostly by mothers in both the Government institution and SOS model institution. It was found that majority xiv (90%) of the children from SOS model institution secured more than 75% marks whereas less than half of the children (47%) in Government institution secured more than 75% marks in their academics. Regarding Mental Health Status, it was observed that majority of children residing in both the Government and SOS model institutions had average levels of emotional stability and self-concept. In Government institution, more than half of the children scored average in the dimensions like over-all adjustment (63%), autonomy (60%) and half (50%) of the children scored average in the dimension of intelligence. In SOS model institution, majority of the children scored high in the dimensions like over-all adjustment (73%), autonomy (92%), security-insecurity (80%) and majority (88%) of the children were having medium level of intelligence. Majority of children from both the institutions were having good mental health status. It was found that there was a significant difference between Government and SOS model institutionalized children in the dimensions of mental health like over-all adjustment, autonomy, security-insecurity, intelligence and no significant difference was found between Government and SOS model institution children in the dimensions of mental health like emotional stability and self-concept. Significant difference was observed between Government institution and SOS model institution in-terms of overall mental health status favoring children residing in SOS model institution. Hence there is a need to address these differences by providing better psychological environment to enhance the mental health status of institutionalized children. ThesisItem Open AccessA STUDY ON MENTAL HEALTH STATUS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED CHILDREN RESIDING IN GUNTUR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SHUBHASRI DEVI, KOTTA; UMA DEVI, LInstitutional care is considered as an appropriate measure for providing care to orphan and destitute children in India. Numerous Government and Nongovernment organizations, trusts, and private individuals across the country provide institutional care to those children whose family is either unable to provide them with adequate care due to poverty, illness etc., or there are no immediate family members to take care of them as they are orphans. Mental health is important for individuals, especially children. The consequences of poor mental health in childhood extend into adulthood, increasing the likelihood of low educational achievement, criminality and violence, adult mental disorder, unhealthy lifestyles and the risk of ill health. There appears to be only few research studies conducted on mental health status of institutionalized children in India and particularly in Andhra Pradesh. Further there are no research studies done comparing the mental health status of children residing in institutions run by Government and Non-government bodies. To plan any policies or interventions to improve mental health status of the institutionalized children residing in Government and Non-government institutions, more empirical research is required. Hence the present study is taken up. The present study was carried out in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh to study the mental health status of institutionalized children. An Ex-post facto research design was adopted for conducting the study. Systematic random sampling procedure was used to select 60 girls between the age group of 10-15 years. After screening the children based on the criteria that they should have stayed in the institution for at least 2 years by purposive sampling. Out of which 30 from Government and 30 from Non-government institution were selected. The independent variables for the study were age (years), age at the time of institutionalization, class, Duration/years of stay in Institution, Quality of xvi institutional environment. The mental health status of children is considered as the dependent variable. The personal information of the child was collected through an interview schedule developed for the study and the general information of the institution was collected using the schedule prepared. The data related to quality of institutional environment was collected using OVC (Orphans and Vulnerable Children wellbeing Tool) developed by Shannon et al. (2009), which comprised of 10 dimensions, namely Food and Nutrition, Shelter, Protection, Family, Health, Spirituality, Mental Health, Education, Economic Opportunities and Community Cohesion. The mental health status of the children was assessed using Mental Health Battery (MHB) developed by Singh and Sen Gupta (2005).The 6 dimensions of Mental Health Battery are Emotional stability, Over-all adjustment, Autonomy, Security-Insecurity, Self-Concept and Intelligence. The data on general profile of institutionalized children revealed that majority of the children were in the age of thirteen and fourteen years. Most of the institutionalized children were found to be as paternal orphans. Children who were staying since 8 years were more in number in both Government and Nongovernment institutions. It was observed that majority of the children were admitted in the institutions by their own mothers. The academic performance was good in children residing in Non-government institution compared to those residing in Government institution. Significant difference was found in perceptions related to quality of institutional environment between the Government and Non-government institutions. It was found that children residing in Non-government institution had better perceptions about their institutional environment than children of Government institution. The present study focused on understanding the differences in mental health status of Government and Non-government institutionalized children. The results of the present study showed that there was a significant difference between Government and Non-government institutionalized children on mental health. Children from Non-government institution had better score on Emotional stability and Intelligence dimensions whereas children from Government institution scored high on self-concept dimension. It was found that there was no significant difference between Government and Non-government institutionalized children in terms of Over-all adjustment, Autonomy and Security-Insecurity. Finally it was concluded that there was a significant difference between Government institution and Non- Government institution children in terms of over -all mental health status favoring Non- government Institutionalized children. Hence measures should be taken to improve the institutional environment to enhance the mental health status of institutionalized children in general and Government institutions in particular. ThesisItem Open AccessSCHOOL BAG USAGE AND MUSCULOSKELETAL DISCOMFORTS OF NECK SHOULDER AND BACK AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SOWJANYA, CHITTEM; NEERAJA, TELAPROLUThere have been several complaints from different stakeholders in school health about children carrying heavy school bags. Non – specific back, neck and shoulder pain among school children are mostly related to over load caused by heavy school bags. Since history of musculoskeletal discomforts in childhood is a strong predictor of having musculoskeletal disorders as an adult, development of neck, shoulder and back pain due to heavy school bag on the back is of prognostic concern. Hence, the focus of the research was on understanding the relation between the occurrence, frequency and intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in neck, shoulder, back and selected independent variables such as age, gender, height, weight, body mass index, physical fitness, participation in games and sports, weight of the school bag and school bag usage methods. Since the growth of the vertebral column is continuous between the age of 7 to 14 years. 9 and 14 years. Sixty school going children of this age group 9 to 14 years were taken as sample for the investigation. Mean age of the school children participated in the study was 11.50 years. Nearly one fifth of the respondents expressed server pain in the neck. The musculoskeletal discomforts experienced in neck by school children was found to have no significant relation with age, height, weight, body mass index, participation in games and sports, school bag weight and method of school bag usage. However, musculoskeletal discomforts in neck were found to have highly significant relation with gender and significant relation with physical fitness of the school children. xiii Female school children reported more frequency and high intensity of pain and numbness in the neck than boys. With reference to the musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder, one fifth of the sample reported occurrence of musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder. Ninety percent of the sample were experiencing pain and numbness in the shoulder more frequently. The intensity of the shoulder pain perceived by these children was also found to be high. However, musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder were found to have no relation with age, height, weight, body mass index, participation in games and sports, school bag weight and method of school bag usage. Gender and physical fitness of the school children was found to have highly significant and significant relation respectively with musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder. The mean scores earned by female school children differed significantly at 5 percent level of significance from the mean scores earned by male children on the occurrence, frequency and intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder region. School children with relatively high physical fitness score differed significantly from the children who scored medium physical fitness score in the occurrence of musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder. In case of the frequency of experiencing musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder, the school children who scored medium physical fitness score differed significantly at 0.05 level of significance with the school children who scored high physical fitness scores. In case of intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in shoulder, children who scored high and low differed significantly from the children who scored medium physical fitness score. In case of musculoskeletal discomforts in the back, one fourth of the sample reported no occurrence of pain and discomfort in the back. Eighty percent of the children experienced musculoskeletal discomforts in the back more frequently. Unbearable pain and discomforts was reported by one fifth of the sample. The musculoskeletal discomforts experienced in back by school children was found to have no significant relation with age, height, weight, body mass index, participation in games and sports, school bag weight and method of school bag usage. Musculoskeletal discomforts in the back was found to have highly significant relation with gender and significant relation with physical fitness of the school children. According to multiple comparison test mean scores earned by female school children differed significantly from the mean scores earned by male children on occurrence, frequency and intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in back. Female school children were found experiencing more number of times and higher intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in the back. Significant mean difference between physical fitness of school children and the frequency of experiencing musculoskeletal discomfort in the back was found. In case of occurrence and intensity of musculoskeletal discomforts in back no significant relation was found with physical fitness. ThesisItem Open AccessA STUDY ON PERSISTENT ETHNOMEDICAL PRACTICES OF TRIBALS IN VIZIANAGARAM DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SWATHI, A; CHAITANYA KUMARI, M.S.In the tribal society the use of plants as medicines is well known since early days. They use different plant species in treatment of various diseases using the stem, roots, leaves, bark and other parts of the plants. Ethnomedicine is operationally defined as a wide range of health care systems/structures, practices, beliefs and therapeutic techniques that arise from indigenous cultural development. The Persistent Ethnomedical Practice is operationally defined as the traditional medical practice which is continuing to exist or occur over prolonged period of not less than 20 years. According to 2011 census the state of Andhra Pradesh stands seventh position in tribal population in India and it consists of 33 tribal groups. Vizianagaram district is a tribal centric area with 2,344,474 tribal population covering eight primitive tribal groups who are spread in eight remote tribal mandals of the district. The flora and fauna composition of the forests of the Vizianagaram region is quite diverse. Especially the diversity in the plant composition and distribution is more in Kurupam and Gumma Laxmi Puram mandals. Several medicinal plants which are widely used by the tribals exist here. So far very few ethnomedical studies are available on health care of human, animal and plant in the district and almost all tribal centric villagers follow ethnomedicine in healing the common ailments and health problems. So in this context the study was conducted to explore the ethnomedical practices among tribals in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh with the following objectives: 1. To study the socio economic and other characteristics of tribal respondents 2. To study the persistent ethnomedical practices from the selected tribal respondents. xiv 3. To obtain the rationality of the persistent ethnomedical practices of tribals with the help of experts. 4. To document the valid ethnomedical practices as perceived by the experts. 5. To elicit the reasons for continuing the persistent ethnomedical practices. Exploratory research design was adopted for the study. Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh was purposively selected. Out of eight tribal mandals of the district two tribal dense mandals namely Gumma Laxmi Puram and Kurupam were selected purposively. Three villages from each mandal were selected randomly that make a sample of six villages for the study.120 tribal respondents with minimum age of 40 years were selected purposively. Majority of respondent farmers were between 50-60 years of age were illiterates (40.00%), belonged to nuclear families (70.00%), with small family size (50.00%) and medium level of socio-economic status (42.50%), without having any official position in socio- political organization (50.84%).With regard to farm size, in shifting cultivation majority (48.34%) of the tribal respondents were marginal farmers while in normal cultivation nearly half (48.33%), of the tribal respondents were small farmers. In terms of farm experience majority of the respondents in shifting cultivation & normal cultivation respondents had medium level of farm experience. It was apparent from the results that one fourth (25.00%) of the tribal respondents were engaged only in agriculture, more than half (62.50%) of the tribal respondents possessed land (62.50%), television (77.88%), mobiles (66.67%) and automobiles (58.33%) as an asset. Data pertaining to source of information for ethno medical practices revealed that family was ranked I for getting information, while in the context of contributing factors for continuing ethnomedical practices results revealed that majority of the tribal respondents had high (70.00 %) mass media exposure, medium religious belief and medium (56.00 %) level of fatalism. Most (42.50%) of the tribal respondents had medium level of extension contact. In terms of input acquisition pattern of ethnomedical practices, the results indicated that majority of the tribal respondents preferred to collect, prepare and use ethnomedicine on their own with the help of their elders in the family, followed with local healers, neighbours, shandies (local weekly markets) and GCC. A little over half (58.33%) of the tribal respondents had medium innovativeness. Information pertaining to the other reasons for continuing ethnomedical practices, the results revealed that trust on the practice ranked I with the acceptance of 93.33% of the respondents followed by availability of local healers, affordability of ethnomedicine, successful results, remoteness and availability of plant resources. A total of 120 ethnomedical practices of the tribals were collected in three specified disciplines namely, human, animal and plant health management. Among the 120 ethnomedical practices, 60 practices were on human health, 40 practices were on animal health and 20 practices were on plant health. Five experts were identified in each specified discipline (Ayush doctors Agriculture officers, Veterinary doctors) for testing the rationality of the collected ethnomedical practices. Based on the scores of the experts 65 persistent ethnomedical practices were identified and presented with scientific name of the plant along with its family name, common name, part used and mode of utilization. ThesisItem Open AccessA STUDY ON EFFECT OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON DYE EXTRACTION FROM MADHUMALTI FLOWERS (Combretum indicum) AND DYEING OF CELLULOSIC TEXTILES(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SONIYA, M; ANITHA, DNatural dyed textiles are in demand by consumers to help save the environment from disastrous and harmful effect of toxic chemical dyes and other ingredients. Being ecofriendly these natural dyes are sought after for their uncommon and soothing shades. There is a whole spectrum of colours that are derived from a variety of plants which can be used to make plant dye. New, cheap and easily available sources are sought after to develop and add more colours to the already existing colour spectrum. A new dye source Madhumalti flowers (Combretum indicum) a vine with red flower clusters which is locally available was selected for study. Dye extraction and dyeing was carried out using Microwave radiation in order to reduce the time and energy consumption which is major drawback in conventional method of dyeing with natural dyes. Three ecofriendly mordants alum, stannous chloride and ferrous sulphate were selected for this study. Phytochemical analysis was done to the extract of Madhumalti flowers and found that the extract consists of flavonoids, saponins, phenols, tannins and terponoids. Aqueous and acidic media of extraction were selected as these two methods showed higher colour yield and found no colour yield in the alkaline medium of extraction. The dye concentration and time of extraction was measured in the spectrophotometer and standardised simultaneously considering the ABS values. It was found that the 9, 10 percent at 105, 120 s and 6, 9 per cent at 120 s of extraction in aqueous and acidic media respectively has shown maximum ABS values at maximum wavelength of 420 nm. The method of mordanting was optimised and pre mordanting method was selected as the colour yield and K/S values were higher over post mordanting. The xii optimised mordant concentrations of 10 per cent, 4 per cent and 1 per cent for alum, stannous chloride and ferrous sulphate respectively were selected. The dyeing time for pre mordanted samples at 9 per cent dye concentration in aqueous extraction and 105 s of extraction time had exhibited higher colour strength at 90 s for alum and 75 s for both stannous chloride and ferrous sulphate. At 10 per cent aqueous dye concentration and 120 s of extraction time had exhibited higher colour strength at 75 s for alum, 90 s for stannous chloride and 105 s for ferrous sulphate. Similarly the dyeing time for pre mordanted samples for 6 and 9 per cent acidic extraction and 105 s of extraction time had exhibited higher colour strength values at 90 s for alum, 120 & 105 s for stannous chloride and 105 s for ferrous sulphate. Fabric dyed in Madhumalti flowers using alum, stannous chloride and ferrous sulphate mordants had produced soft, pastel yellowish green shades. The dyed samples were analysed for colourfastness to sunlight, washing, crocking and perspiration. The sunlight fastness rating samples of both aqueous and acidic extraction at 10 and 9 per cent dye concentration with all the three mordants displayed similar ratings. Alum treated sample in acidic media had excellent fastness ratings at lower concentration than aqueous media dyed ones where as stannous chloride mordanted sample of aqueous media had better rating than acidic media at lower concentration. Cost of dyeing using stannous chloride as mordant was found to be slightly higher when compared to alum and ferrous sulphate mordants. But the dye shades obtained with alum as mordant were slightly brighter than other two mordants. Hence dyeing can be done using alum as mordant for cost effectiveness in dyeing ThesisItem UnknownA STUDY ON CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF MILLETS AND MILLET BASED PRODUCTS IN GUNTUR CITY, ANDHRA PRADESH(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SHIRISHA, S.D.S.N.; LAKSHMI, JCoarse cereals such as sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet and foxtail millet have a significant effect on the cropping pattern on dryland regions as they require little inputs and are more drought resistant compared to other competing crops. Coarse cereals are mostly grown as dual purpose crops to meet both food and fodder requirements. The importance of the millet foods are increasing day by day, because of the systematic linkage between food intake and human health. The rise in demand for healthy foods is mainly due to the increase in life style and diseases like diabetes, obesity, cardio vascular diseases and cancers. Commercialization with value addition of the products is the only way to increase the consumption of millets. The objective of the present study was to collect the data on consumption of millets in urban areas of Guntur city. The study is based on primary data collected from sample of 150 respondents (High income group (HIG), Middle income group (MIG) xvi and Low income group (LIG)) located in urban areas of Guntur city. The data on consumption of millets was collected with the help of a structured interview schedule developed based on the study objectives and the collected data was processed using Percentages, Chi-square test and Inferential statistics and was analyzed and presented in the form of tables to draw valid conclusions. Several factors affect the consumption of millets which resulted in shifting of consumers from millets to fine cereals. Socioeconomic factor is one of the major variable which changes the food purchasing behavior which is unique for each consumer. Seventy percent people were found to be consuming millets in the different forms while 30 percent of people were not consuming millets due to several reasons. The education, income and health level of the family are the major factors that were found to influence the consumption of millets. The present study found a positive association between education levels and millet consumption. The millet consumers were more in the higher education level category compared to those who belonged to lower education category. Seventy percent of the respondents expressed that they could observe an improvement in their health status due to consumption of millets. Thus millet consumption was found to be positively associated with health status. Income status too influenced millet consumption. The data showed that 92 percent of the respondents were aware of benefits of millet consumption and yet the respondents were not actually consuming millets because of reasons like lack of purchasing capacity, drudgery involved in preparation of millet products and non availability of millet products in the market. The data on frequency of consumption of millets showed that millets were being consumed everyday or on alternate days and the respondents were personally benefited by consumption of millets. While majority of the consumers believed that millets are better than wheat and rice and in terms of nutritive value, a few believed that wheat and rice are superior to millets. The study revealed that the nutritional and health implications of millets are being realized by the people of all income groups. ThesisItem UnknownA COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING OF ELDERLY PERSONS RESIDING IN INSTITUTIONAL AND NON – INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS(Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, 2018) SIMHADRI POORNA SUJINI; BILQUISAgeing is an inevitable developmental phenomenon bringing along a number of changes in the physical, psychological, hormonal and the social conditions. As man grows, his reduced activities, income and consequent decline in the position of the family and society makes his life more vulnerable. An old person begins to feel that even his children do not look upon him with that degree of respect, which he used to get some years earlier. The old persons feel neglected and humiliated. The disintegrating system of joint family, rapid industrialization and urbanization and changing social values have together caused serious problem for the aged. They are treated like an unavoidable burden if they ceased to remain productive members. (Dhara and Yogesh2013). Psychological wellbeing may be defined by the proper functioning of psychological system. Positive functioning encompasses six dimensions of psychological well-being: self-acceptance, positive relations with others, personal growth, purpose in life, environmental mastery, and autonomy. Each dimension of psychological wellbeing contributes to mental health. (Aditya Chamuah and. Sankar , 2017).Psychological well being and health are closely related, and the link may become more important at older ages, if only because the prevalence of chronic illness increases with advancing age. As life expectancy increases and treatments for life-threatening disease become more effective, the issue of maintaining wellbeing at advanced ages is growing in importance. Studies of older people indicate that quality of life are affected by the person’s state of health, material conditions, social and family relationships, social roles and activities, factors that also change with age. Psychological well-being is being studied extensively as there is a need to improve the state of mental conditions of people and are getting affected by mental health problems. Hence the present study was taken up to study the psychological well being of elderly living in institutional and non-institutional settings in the bifurcated state of Andhra Pradesh. The sample was drawn from institutions of elderly located in Guntur District, xvi whereas the sample for non-institutional elders were taken from families residing in Guntur. The sample of 60 was selected purposively out of which 30 respondents were from the institutions and 30 respondents were from the non-institutions. The research designadoptedinthepresentstudywasEx-Postfactoresearchdesign.Datawascollected through in depth interviews with the help of Standardized scales and open ended questionnaire from the selected respondents. Rfyy psychological well being scale and Beck depression scale were used to measure the psychological well being of elderly. More than half (57 percent) of the elderly living in the institutions are 70-80 years were living in single families whereas More than half of the elderly (63 percent) living in the non-institutions are in the age group of 60- 69 years were living in joint families . More than half of the elderly (53 percent) in the institutions were illiterate and of elderly 67 percent were not working and financially dependent whereas more than half of the elderly (70 percent) living in the non-institutions are literate and 67 percent were working and 60 percent were financially independent on the family members. Psychological wellbeing of the elderly living in families has significant difference with the religion, education and occupation variables where as elderly living in old age homes has significant difference with the education and gender. On the dimensions of the psychological well being (Rfyy scale) noninstitutionalized elderly scored high to moderate when compared to the institutionalized elderly. The levels of depression were found to be high in the elderly living in institutions when compared with the non-institutionalized elderly. Institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly scored moderately on health dimension. There was significant difference among the dimensions of the psychological wellbeing of the elderly residing in institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly where institutionalized elderly scored better than the non—institutionalized elderly. There was significant difference in the overall psychological wellbeing of the elderly living in institutions and non-institutions. It was found that the psychological well- being of the elderly living in families was higher when compared with the elderly living in old age homes. The results of the study helps in evolving suitable strategies for improving the psychological well being of the elderly persons living in institutional and non institutional settings.