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Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur

The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established on 12th June 1964 at Hyderabad. The University was formally inaugurated on 20th March 1965 by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India. Another significant milestone was the inauguration of the building programme of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi,the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India on 23rd June 1966. The University was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on 7th November 1996 in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga, who rendered remarkable selfless service for the cause of farmers and is regarded as an outstanding educationist, kisan leader and freedom fighter. HISTORICAL MILESTONE Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) was established under the name of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) on the 12th of June 1964 through the APAU Act 1963. Later, it was renamed as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University on the 7th of November, 1996 in honour and memory of the noted Parliamentarian and Kisan Leader, Acharya N. G. Ranga. At the verge of completion of Golden Jubilee Year of the ANGRAU, it has given birth to a new State Agricultural University namely Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University with the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014. The ANGRAU at LAM, Guntur is serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication. Genesis of ANGRAU in service of the farmers 1926: The Royal Commission emphasized the need for a strong research base for agricultural development in the country... 1949: The Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) on University Education led to the establishment of Rural Universities for the overall development of agriculture and rural life in the country... 1955: First Joint Indo-American Team studied the status and future needs of agricultural education in the country... 1960: Second Joint Indo-American Team (1960) headed by Dr. M. S. Randhawa, the then Vice-President of Indian Council of Agricultural Research recommended specifically the establishment of Farm Universities and spelt out the basic objectives of these Universities as Institutional Autonomy, inclusion of Agriculture, Veterinary / Animal Husbandry and Home Science, Integration of Teaching, Research and Extension... 1963: The Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) Act enacted... June 12th 1964: Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU) was established at Hyderabad with Shri. O. Pulla Reddi, I.C.S. (Retired) was the first founder Vice-Chancellor of the University... June 1964: Re-affilitation of Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Hyderabad (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Osmania University), Agricultural College, Bapatla (estt. in 1945, affiliated to Andhra University), Sri Venkateswara Agricultural College, Tirupati and Andhra Veterinary College, Tirupati (estt. in 1961, affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University)... 20th March 1965: Formal inauguration of APAU by Late Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India... 1964-66: The report of the Second National Education Commission headed by Dr. D.S. Kothari, Chairman of the University Grants Commission stressed the need for establishing at least one Agricultural University in each Indian State... 23, June 1966: Inauguration of the Administrative building of the university by Late Smt. Indira Gandhi, the then Hon`ble Prime Minister of India... July, 1966: Transfer of 41 Agricultural Research Stations, functioning under the Department of Agriculture... May, 1967: Transfer of Four Research Stations of the Animal Husbandry Department... 7th November 1996: Renaming of University as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University in honour and memory of an outstanding parliamentarian Acharya Nayukulu Gogineni Ranga... 15th July 2005: Establishment of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University (SVVU) bifurcating ANGRAU by Act 18 of 2005... 26th June 2007: Establishment of Andhra Pradesh Horticultural University (APHU) bifurcating ANGRAU by the Act 30 of 2007... 2nd June 2014 As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act 2014, ANGRAU is now... serving the students and the farmers of 13 districts of new State of Andhra Pradesh with renewed interest and dedication...




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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    ABSTRACT The Corona virus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gripped the world with shock thus; the sudden outbreak of COVID-19 has imposed a critical situation on public health in different parts of the world. Timely access to coupled with information availability is a crucial requirement for decision making during the times of health emergencies. As COVID‑19 is a new phenomenon, there is a scarcity of information about knowledge and practices among rural people hence, keeping all these points in mind, this study was attempted to develop a digital advisory module on COVID-19 for effective and rapid dissemination. Since, digital communication proved as the best media tool to reach huge audience in a shorter period of time. Experimental research design was adopted for conducting this study with a total of 30 respondents as sample. Ten rural respondents from each village were selected using simple random sampling, thus making a sample of thirty respondents from three villages. Based on the identified needs a digital advisory module was developed in a vernacular language i.e. Telugu. Efficacy of the digital advisory module as perceived by the five subject experts was done and pre and post tests were conducted for assessment of knowledge gain of the rural respondents. Perception of the rural respondents towards digital advisory module was studied. Results revealed that majority (53.33%) of the respondents were in the age group of 27 to 36 years and least respondents belonged to the age group of 18 to 27 years (20.00%). Among the rural respondents, thirty per cent were illiterates. Majority (86.67%) of the respondents belonged to nuclear families while, few (10.00%) respondents lives in large families with 7-9 members in a family. Most (76.67%) of the respondents had frequent extension contact with Asha workers and Govt. volunteers but none of them had contact with the counselor while, majority of the respondents never contacted dietitian (93.33%) during COVID-19 pandemic period. Majority of the respondents (96.67%) possessed mobile phone but only 3.33 per xiv The perceived satisfaction of respondents towards digital advisory module was measured and the results revealed that majority of the respondents were satisfied with all the indicators used in module. Hence, it can be concluded that digital advisory module can play any important role in disseminating the information especially in novel health emergencies.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (guntur, 2022-08-18) KRISHNAVENI, UNDURU; CHAITANYA KUMARI, M.S.
    Livelihood is the most popular concept comprises capitals, capabilities and activities required to earn money and secure for means of living. It helps to support people, to prosper and to survive which includes and influenced by other factors like economic and cultural systems. The livelihood systems adopted by the tribals are farming, non-farm activities, livestock, wage works and Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) which were considered for the study. Agriculture is the seasonal livelihood system of the tribals which is not sufficient to fulfill their basic needs. The main reasons for adopting other alternative types of livelihood systems are to meet the household needs of the tribals like educational, health and recreational. The broad philosophy of livelihoods suggested by DFID (Department for International Development of United Kingdom) comprising of different livelihood capitals such as human, physical, natural, social and financial capitals. The best livelihood systems were described based on the viability and sustainability in meeting the tribal household economic demands even in the crisis and other calamities. A study on effect of COVID-19 pandemic on livelihood systems among the tribal households in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh was carried out with the following objectives. xv 1. To study the profile characteristics of tribal households in Visakhapatnam district. 2. To analyze the viable livelihood systems of the tribal households. 3. To find out the problems faced by the tribal households in COVID-19 pandemic. Exploratory research design was adopted for the study. Data was collected by using pre-tested schedule followed by personal interview method.The statistical tools used for analysis and interpretation of the data are frequency and percentage, class interval, mean and standard deviation. Two tribal dense mandals had been selected randomly from the district. Three villages from each of the two mandals were selected by following simple random sampling method, thus making six villages for the study. Twenty tribals from each village were selected by using purposive random sampling method thus making a sample of 120 respondents for the study. The profile characteristics of tribal respondents indicated that majority of the tribal respondents were male (62.50%), belonged to middle age group (67.50%), illiterate (54.17%), small family size (63.33%), Valmiki sub-caste (53.33%), living in Kutcha house (56.67%) and nuclear family type (70.83%). Majority (60.00%) of the tribal respondents had medium level of socio-economic status with occupation in agriculture + wage work + Non Timber Forest Produce (51.67%), low annual income category (67.50%) and no official position in socio-political organization (68.33%). In shifting cultivation with regard to farm size majority (52.50%) of the respondents were with marginal farm size while in normal cultivation half (50.00%) of the respondents were with small farm size. With regard to farming experience, half (50.00%) of the respondents had medium farming experience in shifting cultivation, while forty eight per cent of the respondents had medium farming experience in normal cultivation. Majority of the respondents fell under medium category in extension contact (62.50%), information acquisition pattern (62.50%), religious belief (60.84%), risk orientation (58.34%) and marketing orientation (50.84%) and low category in urban contact (57.50%), depending on canals for irrigation (40.00%). Results also revealed that the consumption of protein foods like meat, eggs, milk & milk products and green leafy vegetables were slightly increased during lockdown period. The results revealed that sixty five per cent of the respondents use neem leaves in the storage of cereals and grains and majority (70.83%) of the respondents used air tight bags/clothes for storing the dried vegetable seeds. Majority (70.00%) of the respondents are collected and dried adda leaves and packed into bundles for storing the forest produce. The least percentage difference in the income from the farming (36.77%) was considered as viable livelihood system followed by Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) and non- farm activities. The changes in income from different livelihood systems namely farming followed by Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) and non- farm activities were identified as viable livelihood systems since they could sustained during the health crisis i.e pandemic and supported the tribals by providing income. xvi Results in the changes in livelihood systems with regard to farming revealed that non availability of market facilities, middlemen interference for produced sale and increased wages were observed. The changes like sale & purchase of good breed cattle/buffaloes, reducing the demand for milk in the various sectors, vulnerability and misinformation of poultry farming on social media and low/ No availability/ accessibility of technical knowhow were observed in livestock. The changes like tribal economy from Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) decreased due to low / no sales, lack of transportation facility and low/no marketing of products resulted in low remunerative price for Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) were observed. The changes like high demand for wage work led to increased payment during lockdown and the government scheme MGNREGA was not implemented for some period due to severe lockdown were observed in wage works. More than half (53.33%) of the tribal respondents had medium level of livelihoods followed by low (32.50%) and high (14.17%) level of livelihoods based on the capitals. Tribal respondents had higher accessibility towards the physical capital (60.13%), financial capital (58.33%), natural capital (55.61%), social capital (55.28%) and human capital (41.03%). The data revealed that their physical capital index was high because of improvement in infrastructure and producer goods needed to support the livelihoods. The low social capital index and human capital index are causes of serious concern and government and non government agencies have to improve their efforts to prevent the worsen condition of tribal livelihoods. The major problems encountered by the tribal respondents due to COVID-19 pandemic lockdown were restricted movement to forest areas (75.83%) was ranked one in social problems, lack of accessibility to nearby markets (95.00%) was ranked one in economic problems, lack of skills on non-farm activities (69.17%) was ranked one in technical problems and poor quality of health care facilities (68.33%) was ranked one in infrastructural problems during lockdown.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (2021-09-03) MAMATA, S; CHAITANYA KUMARI, M.S.
    ABSTRACT Multimedia is a combination of media formats like text, images, audio, animation, video and any other media which is presented, transmitted, stored, and processed electronically. Multimedia is an edutainment tool that provides information along with entertainment to the learners which sustains their attention. It can also increase the impact of the message on the minds of its clientele incorporating interactivity. The teaching and learning can be more interesting and interactive in delivery of instruction. Hence, multimedia helps in enhancing the overall presentation. In view of the above uses of multimedia, the research was proposed on ‘Development of multimedia module for empowerment of rural pregnant women’ following the experimental research design for the study in villages of Guntur district. A total of ninety respondents from nine villages i.e. ten pregnant women from each village were selected using purposive random sampling. The study was focused on pregnant women as pregnancy is a physiological condition where great care should be taken during the period as it involves the dual life of mother and foetus, but in rural areas of the developing countries like India, much significance is not given, and considered as a normal condition. Hence, more complications during pregnancy are observed in the rural areas leading to high maternal mortality. This is due to lack of adequate knowledge and information availability and accessibility to the rural folk in India. Therefore, multimedia module was developed to impart knowledge to the pregnant women. Results revealed that a huge majority of the pregnant women (95.55%) were in 18-35 years age group followed by equal number of the respondents fell under, below 18 years and above 35 years (2.22%) age groups. Nearly 47.77 per cent of the respondents had completed their college education followed by schooling (48.88%) and a meager percentage were illiterates (2.22%). More than sixty five per cent (65.55%) of the respondents belonged to joint families followed by nuclear families (34.44%). Based on the type of marriage 16.66 per cent of the rural pregnant women had consanguineous marriage while a great majority (83.33%) had non-consanguineous marriages. More than half i.e. 57.77 per cent of the women had medium level of socio-economic status xiv followed by low (30%) and high (12.22%). The major family livelihood of the respondents was agriculture. In order to develop a multimedia module knowing the existing knowledge gaps is an important pre-requisite. Information needs were categorized into two major components i.e. information needs required during pre-natal period and post-natal period. The results revealed that under information needs during pre-natal period, majority of the respondents (85.55%) required information on obstetric complications during pregnancy (85.55%) followed by high risk pregnancy (81.11%), nutrition during pregnancy (75.55%), antenatal registration (58.88%), symptoms during pregnancy (57.77%), scanning (53.33%), personal care to be taken during pregnancy (53.33%) and laboratory investigations (52.22%). It is clear from the results that information needs during post-natal period were expressed mostly by the rural pregnant women regarding danger signs of mother after delivery (98.88%), new born care (93.33%), nutritional care during post-natal period (85.55%) and personal care to be taken after delivery (31.11%). With regard to information source, pregnant women receive information very frequently from parents (91.11%) followed by in-laws (80.00%), health department (88.88%), ICDS department (86.66%), media and other sources were expressed by a negligible percentage of women. The respondents information needs were identified and were considered for developing multimedia module in vernacular language i.e. Telugu by integrating all the elements of multimedia. A page based authoring tool i.e. Power Point was used to develop the module as it has user friendly features. The module was then given for subject experts for checking the content validity. The developed module was used to empower the selected pregnant. Scores of pre-test which was administered prior to multimedia presentation and post- test after exposure to multimedia were taken to measure the knowledge gained by the respondents. It is also evident that mean score of the pre-test falls under medium category (4.27) while the mean score of the post-test is high (8.62) with a knowledge gain of 4.27 mean score. Paired t-test was also calculated for the knowledge assessment. Paired t-test values showed a significant difference between the mean score values of pre and post-tests of the respondents, and t- values were highly significant at 5% level which indicates that there was a significant difference between pre and post-tests. Hence, the multimedia module efficacy was rated as satisfied to highly satisfied by the majority of the selected pregnant women. It showed that multimedia module was effective in dissemination of information as it provides visual learning.