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Agriculture University, Kota

The Agriculture University, Kota (AUK) was established on 14th September, 2013 after bifurcation of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur and Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner through promulgation of Act No. 22 of 2013. The University has been created for the agricultural development in South-East and Eastern Rajasthan which is having diversified agriculture situations from rainfed to canal irrigated agriculture. The Agriculture University has its Headquarter at Borkhera Farm, Kota & is located on Kota-Baran National highway-76. Kota district is situated in the South-Eastern part of Rajasthan and comes under Humid South-Eastern Plain Zone (agro climatic zone V). It lies between 23045’ and 26038’ North latitude and 75037’ and 77026’ East longitude. The jurisdiction of AUK is spread over in 6 districts namely Kota, Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur. It accounts for 9.98 % geographical area, 12.67 % total human population, 9.4 % live stock population, 31.59 % forest area and 20.6 % net sown area of the state. Development and education of modern practices in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture & Forestry for sustainable livelihood of the rural masses is the main thrust of the service area of AUK.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) cv. NAGPUR MANDARIN
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) VIKRAM KUMAR YADAV; Virendra Singh
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) cv. Nagpur Mandarin” was carried out during the year 2021-22 and 2022-23 on 12 years old mandarin plants at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment was consisting of 21 treatments of different organic source of NPK viz., vermicompost, cotton fortified vermicompost, neem cake, cotton cake, mustard cake and bio fertilizers such as PSB and VAM with three levels of recommendation dose of fertilizers. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with three replications. Among all the treatments, T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was found significantly superior over other treatments with respect to plant growth parameters, yield attributes, physical characteristics and chemical or quality parameters of mandarin. Treatment T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was found best with regards to maximum increase in plant height, plant spread (East-West and North-South), canopy volume, leaf area, chlorophyll content of leaves, leaf N, P, K content, fruit set and fruit retention per cent, number of fruit per plant, fruit yield per plant and per hectare, diameter of fruit, fruit weight, fruit volume, TSS, sugar per cent, sugar/acid ratio, ascorbic acid, juice per cent, soil NPK and minimum specific gravity, peel weight, peel thickness, peel per cent, days taken to first harvesting, days taken to complete harvesting and acidity per cent, which was closely followed by T20 (50 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB). However, the soil parameters such as organic carbon per cent, water holding capacity and microbial population were found maximum and bulk density, particle density and porosity found minimum under treatment T20 (50 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) and T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was also found at par. Similarly, T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) has resulted the maximum gross return of Rs. 4,03,770/ha which was Rs. 1,28,760/ha excess over control. Further, the highest net profit (Rs. 73,299/ha or 27.19 per cent over control) was also estimated at this treatment which was 46.82 per cent higher than control in pooled analysis.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING ON POST HARVEST QUALITY AND STORAGE BEHAVIOR OF CUSTARD APPLE (Annona squamosa L.) cv.
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-08-10) JAT, BANWARI LAL; Jain, Dr. S. K.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management On Growth,Yield Quality of Acid Lime {cv Kagzi}
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-02-21) KATARA, PRIYANKA; BHATNAGAR, PRERAK
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF IRRIGATION SCHEDULE AND FERTIGATION LEVEL ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) CV. NAGPUR MANDARIN
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2021-12-31) KUMAR, SANDEEP; Singh, Jitendra
    The field experiment entitled “Effect of irrigation schedule and fertigation level on growth and development of mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) cv. Nagpur Mandarin” was conducted deploying 10 treatments in RBD with four replications covering 160 plants in all during two successive years commencing from March, 2019 to February, 2021 at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, Rajasthan. The experiment revealed that among various irrigation schedule treatments, application of treatment I1 (100% ETc) was observed significantly superior over other treatments with regard to growth and development parameters in which the increase in height of plant was 43.06%, in plant volume 2.39%, in number of leaves per shoot 53.63%, in number of branches per plant 2.06%, in leaf area 2.17%, in leaf NPK content particularly N: 2.53%, P: 0.23%, K: 1.72% and maximum leaf chlorophyll content (2.39 mg/g), besides minimum leaf proline content (7.75μg/g) were observed under this treatment I1 (100% ETc). The treatment I1 (100% ETc) was found better in improvement of the soil parameters (0-15 cm depth) including soil pH (7.19), EC (0.46 dSm-1), organic carbon (0.53%), porosity (52.77%), available N (319.33 kg ha-1), P (24.58 kg ha-1), K (290.92 kg ha-1) and microbial population in soil (Bacteria 18.17 x 106 CFU/g soil and Fungi 12.62 x 104 CFU/g soil). As regard to individual effect of fertigation, maximum plant height (47.11%), plant volume (2.47), number of leaves per shoot (61.45%), number of branches per plant (2.07%), leaf area (2.23%), leaf NPK content (N: 2.56% P: 0.23%, K: 1.75%) along with leaf chlorophyll content (2.41 mg/g), besides minimum leaf proline content (9.50μg/g) were observed under the treatment F1 (100% RDF). The treatment F1 (100% RDF) was found better in improvement of the soil physical and chemical properties including soil pH (7.16), EC (0.47 dSm-1), organic carbon (0.55%), porosity (53.08%), N (322.58 kg ha-1) P (26.10 kg ha-1) and K (295.25 kg ha-1). However, better influenceon microbial population (Bacteria 19.33 x 106 CFU/g soil and Fungi 13.78 x 104 CFU/g soil) was found under treatment F3 (60% RDF). Among the interaction of irrigation schedule and fertigation levels, all plant parameters were observed significantly superior except number of branches per plant and petiole length in treatment I1F1 (Irrigation Scheduling at 100 % ETc + Fertigation 100 % RDF) while treatment I2F1 (Irrigation Scheduling at 80 % ETc + Fertigation 100 % RDF) was registered at par with it in most of the parameters studied. In treatment I2F1 at par to maximum values in all parameters were recorded in which increase in height of plant was 49.32%, in leaf area 2.30%, in leaf NPK content particularly N: 2.57% P: 0.23%, K: 1.78% and the leaf chlorophyll content was 2.43 mg/g, besides minimum leaf proline content was observed (9.25μg/g) under this treatment. Further, this treatment was found better in improvement of soil parameters at 0-15 cm depth such as soil pH (7.14), EC (0.48 dSm-1), organic carbon (0.56%), porosity (53.27%), besides N (326.25 kg ha-1), P (27.05 kg ha-1) and K (297.75 kg ha-1). The soil microbial population (Bacteria 20.75 x 106 CFU/g soil and Fungi 15.20 x 104 CFU/g soil at 0-15cm depth of soil) had significantly better improvement in treatment I1F3 (Irrigation Scheduling at 100 % ETc + Fertigation 60 % RDF). Summarizingly, from the present investigation it may be concluded that I2F1 treatment (Irrigation Scheduling at 80 % ETc + Fertigation 100 % RDF) was better over all other treatments. There had been water saving of 580.54 litres per irrigation per hectare which calculates to 76631.28 litres per hectare all along 132 irrigations supplied under fertigation treatment of mandarin at the average cumulative pan evaporation of 24.14 mm in comparison to I1F1 (Irrigation Scheduling at 100 % ETc + Fertigation 100 % RDF). Further, under this treatment (I2F1: Irrigation Scheduling at 80 % ETc + Fertigation 100 % RDF) over all better plant growth parameters as well as soil properties were also recorded.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Effect of water volumes and mulches on growth and development of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) cv. Mosambi
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2020) CHOUDHARY, KALPANA; Singh, Dr. Jitendra
    The present investigation entitled “Effect of water volumes and mulches on growth and development of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) cv. Mosambi” was conducted for two consecutive years (April, 2018 to March, 2020) at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment consisting of 15 treatments comprising three levels of water volume (100% ETc, 80% ETc and 60% ETc,) and five levels of mulches (no mulch, black polythene mulch, transparent polythene mulch, coriander straw mulch and dry grass mulch) was laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Amid different irrigation treatments, application of treatment T1 (100% ETc) was found significantly superior over all other treatments with respect to plant growth and development parameters including soil physical and chemical properties. The rootstock girth (36.61%), scion girth (36.85%), height of the plant (28.64%), canopy spread (E-W: 63.82%, N-S: 63.87%), number of internodes/shoot (1.95%), canopy volume (2.49%), number of shoots/branch (2.17%), number of nodes/branch (67.64%), number of leaves/shoot (67.65%), petiole length (48.84%), leaf length (59.52%), leaf width (59.92%), leaf area (2.30%), leaf perimeter (59.95%), leaf area index (1.84%), leaf chlorophyll content (2.40 mg/g) and leaf NPK content (N: 2.39%, P: 0.16%, K: 1.57%) increased significantly over all other treatments in T1 treatment. Whereas, better moderation in soil parameters like soil pH (7.24), electrical conductivity (0.39 dSm-1) and bulk density (1.34 mg.m-3) along with higher increase in organic carbon (0.53%), porosity (49.48%), water holding capacity (42.87%) available soil N (314.11 kg.ha-1), P (28.93 kg.ha-1) and K (291.53 kg.ha-1) was evident in treatment T1 (100 % ETc) in rhizosphere soils of the sweet orange plants. Amid different treatment of mulches, the plant height (30.31%), rootstock girth (37.90%), scion girth (38.95%), number of shoots/branch (2.18%), number of nodes/branch (73.00%), number of leaves/shoot (73.31%), number of internodes/shoot (1.97%), canopy spread (E-W: 67.56%, N-S: 67.90%), canopy volume (2.52%), petiole length (49.52%), leaf 150 length (62.68%), leaf width (63.83%), leaf area (2.34%), leaf perimeter (64.01%), leaf area index (1.88%), leaf chlorophyll content (2.41 mg/g) and leaf NPK content (N: 2.40%, P: 0.17%, K: 1.59%) were noted significantly maximum under M1 treatment (Black polythene mulch). Soil parameters such as pH (7.25), electrical conductivity (0.39 dSm-1), bulk density (1.33 mg.m-3) moderated better besides organic carbon (0.54%), porosity (49.93%), water holding capacity (43.67%) available soil N (315.70 kg.ha-1), P (29.38 kg.ha-1) and K (293.19 kg.ha-1) increased significantly higher in treatment M1 (Black polythene mulch) as compared to other treatments in soils of rhizosphere of sweet orange plants. As regard to interaction of treatments, though all plant parameters were found significantly higher in treatment T1M1 (100% ETc with black polythene mulch) but treatment T2M1 (80% ETc with black polythene mulch) was recorded at par with it. In treatment T2M1 per cent increase in shoot parameters like rootstock girth (41.68%), scion girth (42.80%), height of plant (32.77%), canopy volume (2.58%), canopy spread (E-W: 72.98%, N-S: 73.05%), number of internodes/shoot (2.02%), number of leaves/shoot ( 81.19%), number of nodes/shoot (80.68%) and number of shoots/branch (2.21%); leaf parameters like leaf length (67.37%), leaf width (67.87%), leaf area (2.39%), leaf perimeter (68.68%), leaf area index (1.91%), leaf chlorophyll content (2.47 mg/g) and leaf NPK content (N: 2.45%, P: 0.18%, K: 1.66%) was noted at par with T1M1 (100% ETc with black polythene mulch). Further, in this treatment (T2M1) moderation in soil pH (7.18), electrical conductivity (0.37 dSm-1) also bulk density (1.31 mg.m-3) and increase in organic carbon (0.56 %), porosity (50.26 %), water holding capacity (45.02 %) also available soil N (320.19 kg.ha-1), P (30.94 kg.ha-1) and K (298.54 kg.ha-1) was at par with the treatment T1M1 (100 % ETc with black polythene mulch). On the basis of present investigation carried out for two consecutive years (April, 2018 to March, 2020) it may be concluded that among the irrigation treatments T1 (100% ETc); amid mulching treatment M1 (Black polythene mulch) and betwixt the combination of treatments T2M1 (80% ETc with black polythene mulch) proved significant impact on plants and soil parameters in Mosambi orchard as well. In this treatment T2M1 (80 % ETc along with black polythene mulch) total saving of water was worked out as 78979.8 liters/ha as comparied to treatment T1M1 (100 % ETc along with black polythene mulch).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Effect of Azospirillum and Vermicompost on growth, yield and fruit quality of custard apple cvs. Balanagar and Raydurg
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2020) Singh, Yogendra; Bhatnagar, Dr. Prerak
  • ThesisItemOpen Access