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Agriculture University, Kota

The Agriculture University, Kota (AUK) was established on 14th September, 2013 after bifurcation of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur and Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner through promulgation of Act No. 22 of 2013. The University has been created for the agricultural development in South-East and Eastern Rajasthan which is having diversified agriculture situations from rainfed to canal irrigated agriculture. The Agriculture University has its Headquarter at Borkhera Farm, Kota & is located on Kota-Baran National highway-76. Kota district is situated in the South-Eastern part of Rajasthan and comes under Humid South-Eastern Plain Zone (agro climatic zone V). It lies between 23045’ and 26038’ North latitude and 75037’ and 77026’ East longitude. The jurisdiction of AUK is spread over in 6 districts namely Kota, Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur. It accounts for 9.98 % geographical area, 12.67 % total human population, 9.4 % live stock population, 31.59 % forest area and 20.6 % net sown area of the state. Development and education of modern practices in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture & Forestry for sustainable livelihood of the rural masses is the main thrust of the service area of AUK.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF NANO-PARTICLES OF Zn AND Fe ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY PARAMETERS OF PARTHENOCARPIC CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.) UNDER POLYHOUSE CONDITION
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022) GEETA YADAV; Dr. I. B. Maurya
    The study was carried out at Protected Cultivation Unit, Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar during Rabi season from December 2021 to April 2022 to investigate the “Effect of nano-particles of Zn and Fe on growth, yield and quality parameters of parthenocarpic cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) under polyhouse condition” The experiment consisted of 2 different nano-particles with different doses i.e. Zn and Fe including control. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. Data were collected on different growth, yield and quality contributing characters of cucumber. Results revealed that the treatment T28 (seed treatment with Zn NPs @ 400 ppm + Foliar spraying with Fe NPs @ 400 ppm) gave the maximum, vine length at 30, 60, 90 and 120 DAT (0.39 m, 2.38 m, 3.69 m and 4.83 m), stem diameter at 45 and 90 DAT (0.88 cm and 0.92 cm), minimum days taken to first flowering (36.96 days), inter-nodal length at 45 and 90 DAT (7.46 cm and 13.01 cm), number of leaves per plant at 45 and 90 DAT (61.82 and 136.99), leaf length at 45 and 90 DAT (14.98 cm and 16.95 cm), leaf width at 45 and 90 DAT (16.74 cm and 19.06 cm), Leaf Area Index (3.52), number of branches per plant at 45 and 90 DAT (10.33 and 19.30). minimum number of days taken to first harvesting (48.22 days), number of fruit per plant (39.18), fruit length (18.66 cm), fruit diameter (4.09 cm), average fruit weight (187.04 g), marketable yield per plant (5.07 kg), minimum unmarketable yield per plant (0.152 kg), fruiting span (43.69 days), and also the total soluble solids (3.93 ºBrix), chlorophyll content of leaf (3.14 mg/100g), ascorbic acid (2.83 mg/100g). Overall acceptability 7.59 (9 point hedonic scale) were found, as compared to control. This study suggest from the results that (seed treatment with Zn NPs @ 400 ppm + Foliar spraying with Fe NPs @ 400 ppm was found most effective in growth, yield and quality attributes. The treatment T28 (seed treatment with Zn NPs @ 400 ppm + foliar spraying with Fe NPs @ 400 ppm) was found most effective in increasing the net return (Rs. 246450/ 500 m2) with higher B:C ratio (5.11).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF SEAWEED EXTRACT ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.)
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) CHANDRA SHEKHAR PATIDAR; Dr. Kavita Aravindakshan
    A field experiment was conducted to study the “Effect of Seaweed Extract on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.)” during the rabi season, 2021-22 at the Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalrapatan city, Jhalawar (Rajasthan). The experiment consisted of nineteen treatment combinations including seaweed granules as soil application, seaweed extract as foliar application (single and double foliar spray) and combine application of seaweed granules and extract in various doses including control. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. Data were collected on different growth, yield and quality contributing characters of onion. Among different treatments of seaweed extract (soil and foliar), T19 (Seaweed extract granules @ 20 kg ha-1 + Seaweed extract 0.6 %) was found significantly superior as it exhibited maximum number of leaves per plant at 60 and 90 DAT (5.8 and 11.5), length of leaves at 60 and 90 DAS (43.87 and 56.13cm) , plant height at 60 and 90 DAT (47.72 and 59.21 cm), total chlorophyll content of leaves (0.52 mg/g), pseudostem diameter at 90 DAT (21.68 mm) average weight of bulb (59.55g), diameter of bulb (6.05 cm), bulb length (5.84 cm) yield of bulb per plot (5.95 kg), estimated yield of bulb per hectare (365q./ha), TSS (13.57 %), dry matter content (14.63%), net returns (223009 /ha), B:C ratio (3.23), organic carbon (0.60%), N (328.93 kg ha-1), P (28.95 kg ha-1), and K(230.95kg ha-1) were recorded as compared to control, respectively. Further, treatment T10 (Seaweed extract 0.6 % double foliar spray at 30 and 60 DAT) exhibited maximum value for nitrogen content in bulb (0.45 %), crude protein (2.83%) and pungency in bulb (9.05 μ mol./g) were recorded as compared to control, respectively. From the present investigation it may concluded that seaweed higher growth, yield and quality of onion can be obtained by soil application of Seaweed extract granules @ 20 kg ha-1 and foliar spray of seaweed extract @ 0.6%.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    IMPACT OF VERMICOMPOST ON GROWTH AND PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF PEA (Pisum sativum L.) BASED INTERCROPPING SYSTEM
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) ASTHA VERMA; Sh. Rajesh Kumar Sharma
    An experiment entitled “Impact of vermicompost on growth and production potential of pea (Pisum sativam L.) based intercropping system” was conducted at the vegetable farm, Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalrapatan City, Jhalawar during rabi season 2022-23. The experiment consisted of fifteen treatment combinations having three levels each of vermicompost (0, 2.5, and 5 ton/ha) and five levels of different intercropping system (Sole Pea, Sole Garlic, Pea + Garlic 1:1, 2:1, 2:2) in Factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications. The impact of vermicompost and intercropping system had significant effect on growth, yield, and quality attributes of pea other treatment Vermicompost and intercropping system alone and combined show that significant effect on growth, yield and quality attributes on pea and garlic. The result shows that individual effect of vermicompost V2(Vermicompost@5ton/ha) and intercropping system I1 (Sole pea) on pea exhibited maximum plant height at 90 DAS (46.46 cm and 45.49 cm), plant height at harvest (69.63 cm and 68.66 cm), number of leaves per plant (43.07 and 42.15), stem diameter (0.68 cm and 0.65 cm), chlorophyll content of pea leaves (2.35 mg/g and 2.34 mg/g) , number of nodules per plant after harvest (9.85 and 9.64) minimum days required for first flowering (43.73 and 44.23), minimum days to 50% flowering (50.22 and 51.17), minimum days required to first pod harvest (65.59 and 65.84), maximum pod length (9.15 and 8.71 cm), weight of pod (3.59 and 3.79 g), number of pods per plant (9.06 and 8.72),weight of pod per plant (32.42 and 33.61 g), number of seeds per pod (10.69 and 10.65), weight of pods per plot (6.09 and 8.91 kg) and estimated yield (94.05 and 101.55 q/ha), total soluble solids (19.08 and 18.63 ◦Brix) in pea, Ascorbic acid (25.36 and 24.72 mg /100 gm), Crude protein (23.35 and 23.01 %), respectively. Further, the result revealed the individual effect of vermicompost V2 (Vermicompost@5ton/ha) and intercropping system I2 (Sole Garlic) on garlic exhibited a maximum number of leaves per plant (8.90 and 8.62), length of leaves (55.38 cm and 51.55), plant height (59.66 and 57.94 cm), chlorophyll content of leaves (1.54 and 1.52 148 mg/g), fresh weight of bulb (27.96 and 26.68 g), bulb diameter (4.58 and 4.18 cm), number of cloves per bulb (17.55 and 17.37), clove length (3.64 and 3.59 cm), clove diameter (0.72 and 0.59 cm), bulb yield per plot (5.54 and 9.60 kg), estimated yield (49.33 and 61.03 q/ha), TSS (34.89 and 33.58), ascorbic acid (11.91 and 11.52 mg/100g) and crude protein (7.46 and 7.08%), respectively. The interaction effect of vermicompost and intercropping V2I1 (Vermicompost@5ton/ha + Sole Pea) system on pea was found significant on maximum plant height at 90 DAS (51.19 cm), plant height at harvest (74.37 cm), number of leaves per plant (47.88), stem diameter (0.71 cm), chlorophyll content of pea leaves (2.53 mg/g), number of nodules per plant after harvest (11.72) minimum days required for first flowering (42.36), minimum days required 50% flowering (49.32), minimum days required to first pod harvest (62.08), maximum pod length (10.07 cm), weight of pod (4.22 g), number of pods per plant (10.02), weight of pod per plant (42.32 g), number of seeds per pod ( 11.72 ), weight of pods per plot (9.70 kg), estimated yield (123.00 q/ha) total soluble solids (19.93) in pea, ascorbic acid (26.21 mg /100 gm) and Crude protein (24.13 %), respectively However, the interaction impact of vermicompost and intercropping system V2I2 (Vermicompost@5ton/ha + Sole Garlic) was found suitable for growth, yield and quality attributes of garlic. The maximum number of leaves per plant (9.56), length of leaves (60.45 cm), plant height (62.79 cm), chlorophyll content of leaves (1.62 mg/g), fresh weight of bulb (28.79 g), bulb diameter (4.87 cm), number of cloves per bulb (19.35), clove length (4.14 cm), clove diameter (0.85 cm), bulb yield per plot (10.36 kg), estimated yield (80.60 q/ha), TSS (35.97 ◦Brix), ascorbic acid (12.86 mg/100g) and crude protein (8.44 %). The interaction impact of vermicompost and intercropping system significantly affected the gross income, net profit and B:C ratio for different treatments. Interaction effect of Vermicompost and Intercropping system also significantly increased the economics attributes maximum gross return (361172 ₹ ha-1), net profit (272244 ₹ ha-1) and B:C ratio (4.06) was recorded under treatment V2I5 (Vermicompost @5ton/ha+ Pea+ Garlic 2:2), respectively. The interaction effect of vermicompost and Intercropping system also significantly increased pea equivalent yield (166.040 q/ha), land equivalent ratio (1.25) under treatment V2I5 (Vermicompost@5ton/ha+ Pea+ Garlic 2:2), respectively.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF BIO-STIMULANTS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF GARLIC (Allium sativum L.)
    (2022) VIKASH KUMAR KUMAWAT; Sh. Rajesh Kumar Sharma
    A field experiment was conducted to study the “Effect of bio-stimulants on growth, yield and quality of garlic (Allium sativum L.)” during the Rabi season, 2021-22 at the Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalrapatan, Jhalawar (Rajasthan). The experiment consisted of 3 different bio-stimulants with different doses i.e. humic acid (4, 6 and 8 g/L), seaweed extract (4, 6 and 8 ml/L) and vermiwash (10, 20 and 30 ml/L). The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. Results revealed that soil drenching of humic acid (@ 8g/L) to the garlic crop significantly increased the number of leaves per plant (7.32 and 9.33 ) length of leaves (48.44 cm and 63.28 cm), plant height (57.38 cm and 69.19 cm) at 60 and 90 DAS, respectively, chlorophyll content in leaves (1.87 mg/g), fresh weight of bulb (31.86 g), length of bulb (4.16 cm), diameter of bulb (4.83 cm), number of cloves per bulb (25.50 ), length of clove (4.05 cm), diameter of clove (1.04 cm), bulb yield per plot (2.74 kg) and per hectare (212 qt/ha-1), TSS (42.21 0Brix), dry matter content (42.54 %), crude protein content (7.05%), and pungency (10.39 μ mol/g), organic carbon (0.60), as well as the available nitrogen (342.74 kg ha-1) phosphorus (17.47 kg ha-1) and potassium (220.90 kg ha-1 ) content in soil after harvest of garlic, as compared to treatment T0 (control). Soil drenching of humic acid increased the gross returns and B: C ratio as compared to control. Maximum gross returns and B: C ratio, (Rs. 425863.00 and 4.10, respectively) registered in treatment T3 (Humic acid @ 8g/L). However, Treatment T0 (control) recorded minimum gross return of Rs. 353641.5 ha-1 but treatment T6 (seaweed @ 8g/L) recorded lowest B: C ratio (1.92).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF VERMICOMPOST AND LIQUID BIOENHANCERS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF OKRA (Abelmoschus esculantus L.)
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022) Suman Jakhar; Dr. Kavita Aravindakshan
    The study was carried out at the vegetable farm, Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalrapatan City, Jhalawar during zaid season from March 2022 to June 2022 to investigate the “Effect of Vermicompost and Liquid bioenhancers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Okra (Abelmoschus esculantus L.)”. The experiment consisted of three levels of vermicompost (0, 2.5 and 5 t/ha) and five levels of liquid bioenhancers (Panchagavya and Jeevamrut @ 0, 3 and 6 % each) with a total of 15 treatments. The experiment was laid out in a Factorial Randomized Block Design (FRBD) with three replications each. Data were collected on different growth, yield and quality contributing characters of okra. The vermicompost and liquid bioenhancers (Panchagavya & Jeevamrut) had significant effect on growth, yield and quality individually and in combinations over control. The individual application of vermicompost @ 5 t/ha (V2) significantly increased the plant height (51.88 cm and 67.59 cm), number of branches per plant (5.33 and 6.17), number of nodes (15.63 and 17.99), number of leaves per plant (40.60 and 47.89), stem diameter (0.59 cm and 1.96 cm), number of flower per plant (18.07 and 25.48) at 60 and 90 DAS, respectively, fruit setting percentage (78.97 %), total chlorophyll content (0.69 mg/100g), minimum number of days to first picking (43.30), maximum number of fruit per plant (20.12), fruit length (15.83 cm), diameter of fruit (1.67 cm), fruit weight (13.78 g), fruit yield per plant (277.48 g), fruit yield per plot (7.21 kg/plot), estimated yield (180.35 q/ha), crude protein (2.27 %), TSS (4.95 °Brix) and ascorbic acid (12.65 mg/100g), respectively as compared to control (V0). Similarly, the foliar application of Panchagavya 6 % (B2) significantly increased in plant height (50.03 cm and 61.80 cm), number of branches per plant (4.62 and 5.21), number of nodes (13.85 and 15.58), number of leaves per plant (37.70 and 44.48), stem diameter (0.53 cm and 1.82 cm), number of flower per plant (17.38 and 24.91) at 60 and 90 DAS, respectively, fruit setting percentage (75.63 %), total chlorophyll content (0.63 mg/100g), minimum number 142 of days to first picking fruits (43.75), number of fruit per plant (18.86), fruit length (15.04 cm), fruit diameter (1.54 cm), fruit weight (13.26 g), fruit yield per plant (251.40 g), fruit yield per plot (6.54 kg/plot), estimated yield (163.40 q/ha), crude protein (2.02 %), TSS (4.40 °Brix) and ascorbic acid (11.01 mg/100g), as compared to control (B0). Further, the combined application of V2B2 (VC @ 5 t/ha + Panchagavya 6 %) recorded the maximum growth parameters i.e., plant height (52.92 cm and 70.08 cm), number of branches per plant (5.80 and 6.73), number of nodes (17.64 and 19.30), number of leaves per plant (42.47 and 49.75), stem diameter (0.63 cm and 2.03 cm), number of flower per plant (18.37 and 25.67) at 60 and 90 DAS, respectively, fruit setting percentage (79.86 %), total chlorophyll content (0.76 mg/100g), yield parameters i.e., minimum number of days to first picking (39.51), maximum number of fruit per plant (20.50), fruit length (16.78 cm), diameter of fruit (1.76 cm), fruit weight (14.55 g), fruit yield per plant (298.21 g), fruit yield per plot (7.75 kg/plot), estimated yield (193.83 q/ha) and also qualitative parameters i.e., crude protein content (2.57 %), total soluble content (5.19 0Brix) and ascorbic acid (13.18 mg/100g) as compared to control (V0B0). Highest total cost of cultivation (86575.00 ha-1), gross return (360702.67 ha-1), net return (274127.67 ha-1) and B: C ratio (3.16) were found with treatment V2 (VC @ 5 t/ha) as compared to control V0 (control). Similarly, with the foliar application of liquid bioenhancers treatment also increased total cost of cultivation (80825.00 ha-1), gross return (326808.89 ha-1) and net return (245983.89 ha-1) was found in treatment B2 (Panchagavya 6 %) and maximum B: C ratio (3.19) was found in B4 (Jeevamrut 6 %) as compared to control (B0). Further, combined application of vermicompost and liquid bioenhancers also significantly increased the economics attributes. Highest gross return (387666.67 ha-1) and net return (294341.67 ha-1) was found in treatment V2B2 (VC @ 5 t/ha + Panchagavya 6 %) and maximum B: C ratio (3.26) was found in treatment V2B4 (VC @ 5 t/ha + Jeevamrut 6 %) as compared to control (V0B0).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF TRICHODERMA AND HUMIC ACID ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM)
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-05-30) GURJAR, GOVIND RAM; ARVINDRAKSHAN, DR. KAVITA
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF ORGANIC GROWTH PROMOTERS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF PEA(PISUM SATIVUM L.)
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-09-17) YADAV, RAJU; ARVINDRAKSHAN, DR. KAVITA
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF ORGANIC AND INORGANIC MANURES ON GROWTH,YIELD AND QUALITY OF OKRA {ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS L.}
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-06-04) MEENA, HEMRAJ; ARVINDAKAANSH, DR. KAVITA