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Agriculture University, Kota

The Agriculture University, Kota (AUK) was established on 14th September, 2013 after bifurcation of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur and Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner through promulgation of Act No. 22 of 2013. The University has been created for the agricultural development in South-East and Eastern Rajasthan which is having diversified agriculture situations from rainfed to canal irrigated agriculture. The Agriculture University has its Headquarter at Borkhera Farm, Kota & is located on Kota-Baran National highway-76. Kota district is situated in the South-Eastern part of Rajasthan and comes under Humid South-Eastern Plain Zone (agro climatic zone V). It lies between 23045’ and 26038’ North latitude and 75037’ and 77026’ East longitude. The jurisdiction of AUK is spread over in 6 districts namely Kota, Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur. It accounts for 9.98 % geographical area, 12.67 % total human population, 9.4 % live stock population, 31.59 % forest area and 20.6 % net sown area of the state. Development and education of modern practices in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture & Forestry for sustainable livelihood of the rural masses is the main thrust of the service area of AUK.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF BORON AND ZINC ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF JAMUN (SYZYGIUM CUMINI L. SKEELS) CV. GOMA PRIYANKA
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022) RITU CHOUDHARY; Dr. Virendra Singh
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of foliar spray of boron and zinc on growth and development of Jamun (Syzygium cumini L. Skeels) cv. Goma Priyanka” was conducted during the year 2021-22, at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment consisted of 16 treatments laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Among different treatments, application of T15 (Borax @ 0.50% + ZnSO4 @ 0.50%) to individual plant was found significantly superior over other treatments with respect to growth and development parameters such as per cent increase in rootstock girth (9.73%), scion girth (9.31%), plant height (39.97%), number of leaves/shoot (26.19%), number of shoots/branch (33.61%), petiole length (27.89%), length of internodes (13.55%), leaf length (29.48%), leaf width (12.54%), leaf area (45.73%), canopy volume (8.13%), canopy spread North-South (15.58%), canopy spread East - West (7.06%), relative water content (15.53%) and chlorophyll content (1.78%). From the experiment it may be summarized that T15 (Borax @ 0.50% + ZnSO4 @ 0.50%) proved superiority over all individual as well as treatments in combination in improving growth and development parameters of jamun plant. However, it requires further study for confirmation of results.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) cv. NAGPUR MANDARIN
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) VIKRAM KUMAR YADAV; Virendra Singh
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco.) cv. Nagpur Mandarin” was carried out during the year 2021-22 and 2022-23 on 12 years old mandarin plants at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment was consisting of 21 treatments of different organic source of NPK viz., vermicompost, cotton fortified vermicompost, neem cake, cotton cake, mustard cake and bio fertilizers such as PSB and VAM with three levels of recommendation dose of fertilizers. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with three replications. Among all the treatments, T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was found significantly superior over other treatments with respect to plant growth parameters, yield attributes, physical characteristics and chemical or quality parameters of mandarin. Treatment T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was found best with regards to maximum increase in plant height, plant spread (East-West and North-South), canopy volume, leaf area, chlorophyll content of leaves, leaf N, P, K content, fruit set and fruit retention per cent, number of fruit per plant, fruit yield per plant and per hectare, diameter of fruit, fruit weight, fruit volume, TSS, sugar per cent, sugar/acid ratio, ascorbic acid, juice per cent, soil NPK and minimum specific gravity, peel weight, peel thickness, peel per cent, days taken to first harvesting, days taken to complete harvesting and acidity per cent, which was closely followed by T20 (50 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB). However, the soil parameters such as organic carbon per cent, water holding capacity and microbial population were found maximum and bulk density, particle density and porosity found minimum under treatment T20 (50 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) and T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) was also found at par. Similarly, T9 (75 % RDF + 10 kg Vermicompost + 7.5 kg Neem Cake + 50 g PSB) has resulted the maximum gross return of Rs. 4,03,770/ha which was Rs. 1,28,760/ha excess over control. Further, the highest net profit (Rs. 73,299/ha or 27.19 per cent over control) was also estimated at this treatment which was 46.82 per cent higher than control in pooled analysis.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF TIME ON THE SUCCESS OF INARCHING IN KHIRNI (Manilkara hexandra L.) cv. THAR RITURAJ
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) DHANESHRA KUMARI GURJAR; Dr. Jitendra Singh
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of time on the success of inarching in Khirni (Manilkara hexandra L.) cv. Thar Rituraj” was conducted during the year 2022-2023 at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment consisted of nine treatments, i.e. dates of inarching from 20th June to 30th November laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Among different times, inarching practised during 30th July (T3) was found significantly superior over all other treatments. In this treatment, the maximum increase was noticed in shoot parameters like length of new growth (29.96 cm), diameter of new growth (2.29 mm), number of nodes/plant (29), rootstock girth (7.61 mm), scion girth (6.46 mm), height of the plant (56.09 cm), number of primary branches (09), and leaf parameters like leaf length (4.13 cm), leaf width (2.99 cm), leaf area (8.02 cm2), number of leaves/plant (25) and chlorophyll content (1.35 mg/g) along with cent per cent survival was also observed in this treatment. Hence it may be summarized that inarching at the time of 30th July (T3) can be practised as an alternative method of propagation of Khirni (Manilkara hexandra L.).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF UREA AND NANO UREA ON GROWTH AND YIELD ATTRIBUTES OF ACID LIME (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle.) cv. KAGZI
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) VISHWADEEP BALYAN; Dr. Prerak Bhatnagar
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of foliar spray of Urea and Nano urea on growth and yield attributes of Acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle.) cv. Kagzi” was conducted at the Fruit Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar during June 2022 to December 2022. The experiment consisted of nine treatments viz. Control, Urea (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0%) and Nano urea (500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 ppm). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block design with three replications. Among different foliar doses of treatment combinations of Urea and Nano urea, T4 treatment (Urea @ 2%) resulted in enhancement in plant height (m), plant spread [E-W and N-S (m)], canopy volume (m3), number of fruits plant-1, yield plant-1 (kg) and estimated yield (q/ha). The results under influence of foliar application of various treatments reflected that the application of treatment T4 (Urea @ 2%) was found best with respect to augmentation in fruit weight (g), fruit length (cm), fruit breadth (cm), peel thickness (mm), number of seeds/fruit, juice (%), TSS (oBrix), Acidity (%), TSS/Acidity ratio, ascorbic acid (mg/100ml), juice pH, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll content (mg g-1 of fresh weight) and relative water content percentage. The maximum leaf N content, leaf P content was estimated in T4 treatment (Urea @ 2%), however maximum leaf K content was measured in T2 treatment after harvesting of acid lime cv. Kagzi fruits. Summarizing, T4 treatment was found better for improvement of growth, yield, quality, physiological parameters and leaf N and P content in acid lime cv. Kagzi.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF TIME OF SHOOT BENDING ON FLOWERING, FRUITING AND YIELD ATTRIBUTES IN GUAVA (Psidium guajava L.) CV. SARDAR
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) RAM KARAN CHAUHAN; Dr. Prerak Bhatnagar
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of time of shoot bending on flowering, fruiting and yield attributes in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Sardar” was conducted during the year 2022-23 at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment consisted of 9 treatments laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Among the different treatments of bending flowering and fruiting attributes like days required to initiation of flowers (37.66 days), days required for fruit set (45.00 days), number of flowering shootlets per branch (13.85), fruit set per cent (48.33%) and fruit retention per cent (39.66%) were found significantly superior in treatment T1 (30th May bending). However, some flowering and fruiting attributes like days required to emergence of new shoot (7.46 days) and number of new shootlets per branch (24.80%) were found significantly superior in treatment T4 (15th July bending). The yield attributes viz. number of fruits per bent shoot at harvest (28.66 fruits) and estimated yield (4.96 kg/ bent shoot) were found significantly superior in treatment T1 (30th May bending). However, fruit length (7.52 cm), fruit weight (185.66 g), fruit diameter (7.45 cm), pulp thickness (1.48 cm), size of seeds cavity per fruit (4.56 cm) and number of seeds per fruit (353.66 seeds) were found significantly superior in treatment T4 (15th July bending). The quality attributes viz. TSS (11.750B), total sugar (7.61%), reducing sugar (5.21%) and non-reducing sugar (2.40%) along with ascorbic acid (198.66 mg/ 100g pulp) were observed comparatively better in treatment T1 (15th May bending). Based on the present investigations, it may concluded that bending of 15th May in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Sardar had beneficial effect in improving flowering, fruiting, yield and quality attributes in guava in prevailing condition of South-East Rajasthan. However the study require longer observation being confined during single season investigation.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF THIOUREA ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF JACKFRUIT (Artocarpus heterophyllus L.) cv. CHANDRA
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2023) AJIT TIPPANNAVAR; Dr. Prerak Bhatnagar
    A field experiment entitled “Effect of thiourea on growth and development of Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus L.) cv. Chandra” was conducted during the year 2022-23, at the Instructional Farm, Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar. The experiment consisted of 9 treatments laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Among different treatments, application of T8 (Thiourea 2.00%) to individual plant was found significantly superior over other treatments with respect to growth and development parameters such as per cent increase in plant height (17.84%), rootstock girth (21.82%), scion girth (21.34%), number of leaves per plant (26.55%), length of internode (9.40%), number of nodes per plant (8.13%), leaf length (10.10%), leaf width (20.68%) and leaf area (32.88%). The foliar application of thiourea had significant effect on stress parameters. The treatment T8 was found significantly superior over other treatments. The minimum proline content (0.339 μmol. g-1) was found in treatment T8 (Thiourea 2.00%) and other parameters like stomatal conductance (7.58 mmol m-2 s-1), Relative Water Content (RWC) (82.48%), chlorophyll content (2.23 mg g-1), N (1.59%), P (0.279%), K (0.572%) and S (0.218%) contents were observed maximum in treatment T8 (Thiourea 2.00%) at the time of final observation during March. From the experiment, it may be summarized that T8 (Thiourea 2.00%) proved superiority over all treatments in improving growth and development parameters of jackfruit plant and also in improving stress parameters. However, it requires more study for further confirmation of results.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF BRASSINOSTEROIDS AND GIBBERELLIC ACID ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF CUSTARD APPLE(Annona ssquamosa L.) cv. BALANAGAR
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-08-25) Kumari, SUMAN; Bhatnagar, Prerak
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF SEAWEED AND ZINK ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF KHIRNI (MANILKARA HEXANDRA L. )
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-08-24) UJJWAL, RUPA; Singh, Jitendra
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF Zn, Fe AND Mn ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF NAGPUR MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata Blanco.)
    (College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar, 2022-08-23) GHOSALYA, BHAGAWATI; Bhatnagar, Dr. Prerak