The Agriculture University, Kota (AUK) was established on 14th September, 2013 after bifurcation of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur and Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner through promulgation of Act No. 22 of 2013. The University has been created for the agricultural development in South-East and Eastern Rajasthan which is having diversified agriculture situations from rainfed to canal irrigated agriculture.
The Agriculture University has its Headquarter at Borkhera Farm, Kota & is located on Kota-Baran National highway-76. Kota district is situated in the South-Eastern part of Rajasthan and comes under Humid South-Eastern Plain Zone (agro climatic zone V). It lies between 23045’ and 26038’ North latitude and 75037’ and 77026’ East longitude. The jurisdiction of AUK is spread over in 6 districts namely Kota, Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur. It accounts for 9.98 % geographical area, 12.67 % total human population, 9.4 % live stock population, 31.59 % forest area and 20.6 % net sown area of the state. Development and education of modern practices in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture & Forestry for sustainable livelihood of the rural masses is the main thrust of the service area of AUK.
(COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, UMMEDGANJ, KOTA, 2021-12-07) RISHI, SONIYA; Dhaka, B.L.
The present investigation entitled “Adaptive Capacity of Farmers Towards
Climate Change in Bundi District of Rajasthan” was conducted in Bundi district of
Rajasthan, during the year 2020-21. The Bundi district was selected purposively for the
study as the district was the agri-dominant region with ample opportunities for
agriculture having black fertile alluvial soils, strong irrigation infrastructure, advanced
farming practices adopted by the farmers and productivity higher than that of the state
and in some cases, higher than that of the average of the country. A multistage sampling
technique was used to select respondents. A total of 175 respondents were selected as a
sample for the study.
An interview schedule consisting of measuring devices of dependents and
independents variables along with the face data of farmers was used for collecting
responses of the respondents. The data so collected were transferred to the work table and
tally sheets. They were processed, tabulated, classified, analyzed, and given statistical
treatment. The hypotheses formulated were tested and salient interpretations were drawn
from the data in light of the objectives of the study.
It was observed that majority of the respondents belonged to old age group
(41.14%), educated up-to middle class (28%), and had more than 20 years of farming
experience (83.43%). Further, majority respondents had low level of social participation
(50.29%), low access to extension service (49.14%), low exposure to mass media (60%),
low access to information related to climate change and related issues (42.29%) were
possessing low to medium level of knowledge about climate related aspects (75%). It
was noted that the majority of respondents were possessing small (40.00%) to medium
(40.57%) sized operational holding having land under assured irrigation (36.57%)
followed by partial irrigation (33.14%) and rainfed (30.29). It was also observed that
majority of the respondents (45.71) had Rs 50,000 to 2,00,000 annual off farm.An instrument was developed to measure adaptive capacity of farmers towards
climate change. The study revealed that the majority of the respondents had moderate
(48.00%) level of adaptive capacity followed by low (33.14%) and high (18.86%) level
of adaptive capacity toward climate change.
It was noted that that majority of respondents were agree that there was a drastic
change in rainfall pattern (37.71%), timing of the rainfall (34.86%), amount of rainfall
(30.29%), and undecided intensity of rainfall (24.57%). A large majority of respondents,
as is evident from the above table, were strongly agreed that hail-storm events (29.71%),
agree that duration of dry spell during rainy season (38.29%) are changing. Nearly 21.14
per cent of respondents were strongly agreed and 22.29 per cent were agreeing that there
was a substantial reduction in the water level due to high temperature and lack of timely
rains. A large majority of respondents 26.86 per cent, as is evident from the above table,
agree to the statement that there has been an increase in incidence of crop failure
incidence. Further, about 28.00 per cent of the respondents were strongly agreed and
30.29 per cent of respondents were agreed that ‘loss of population and species of trees
and 18.86 per cent strongly agreed and 21.14 per cent of respondents agreed to the
statement that ‘loss of population and species of animal’.
The findings of the study also revealed that the education, access to climate
information, social participation, farming experience years, access to extension contact,
mass media exposure, off farm income, operational land holding, area under irrigation
and level of knowledge about climate change were found positive and significantly
associated with the adaptive capacity of farmers towards climate change.
The finding of the research will be very useful for researchers, academics and
policy makers, and can also be used beyond the perspective of the study area with some