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Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda

Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda has been established as a full-fledged State University, having unique honour of being the “First Agricultural University of Bundelkhand Region”. The University was notified vide Government Order No. 301/79-V-1-10-1 (Ka) 27-2009 Lucknow and established on 2nd March 2010 under Uttar Pradesh Agriculture University Act (Sanshodhan) 1958 Gazette-Adhiniyam 2010. Initially it was named as “Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda”, which was changed as “Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda” vide Uttar Pradesh Agriculture University Act (Sanshodhan) Adhiniyam, 2014, No. 1528(2)/LXXIX-V-1-14-1(Ka)-13-2014 dated 4th December 2014. The University has been established for the development of the agriculture and allied sectors in the Uttar Pradesh on the whole and Bundelkhand region in particular. It is committed to serve the Bundelkhand region with trinity concept, i.e. complete integration of teaching, research and extension for the development of agriculture and allied sectors in order to ensure food security and enhance socio-economic status of inhabitants. State Government of Uttar Pradesh has assigned the University with the responsibilities of (a) human resource generation and development, (b) generation and perfection of technologies, and (c) their dissemination to the farmers, orchardists and dairy farmers in the Chitrakoot Dham and Jhansi divisions. The Chirtrkoot Dham Division consists of four districts, namely Banda, Chitrakoot (Karvi), Mahoba and Hamirpur whereas Jhansi Division consists of Jhansi, Lalitpur and Jalaun (Orai) districts.


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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (Banda University of Agriculture & Technology, Banda-210001, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2021-10-10) PAL SHAKYA, JITENDRA; Singh, Vivek
    Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is an important and oldest pulse crop. Collar rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii is an important disease of lentil. An intensive roving survey was conducted for the assessing prevalence and incidence of collar rot in two lentil growing districts (Hamirpur and Banda) of Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. A total of 44 locations were surveyed and observed that the disease was prevalent at all the locations. The collar rot incidence ranged from 3.5 to 40%. The mean disease incidence was highest (18%) in Muskara block of Hamirpur district and lowest (7.62%) in Jaspura block of Banda district. In order to diversity study of collar rot pathogen a total of fifteen isolates of Sclerotium rolfsii were isolated from diseased plant samples collected from surveyed locations. It was observed in diversity study of pathogen that all the isolates of the Sclerotium rolfsii highly diverse in mycelial and sclerotial morphological traits on PDA medium. Among the mycelial traits significant variations were recorded in colony diameter, colony colour, type and appearance of colony growth on PDA medium after 72 hrs of incubation at 27 °C. Most of the isolates were fast growing which recorded 86.33 to 90 mm colony diameter after 72 hrs of incubation. Based on the colony appearance six isolates were showed sparse, four isolates showed fluffy and remaining five isolates were showed the dense mycelial growth on PDA medium. Variation among the isolates on the basis of colony colour was also recorded, that the isolates were produced extra white, white and dull white colour colonies on PDA medium. The variability in sclerotial traits of isolates was recorded significantly. The numbers of sclerotia were highly varied among the isolates and ranged from 131.33 to 663 per plate (90 mm). The isolates also showed variation in test weight (weight of 100 sclerotia) of sclerotia, ranged from 47.23 mg to 82.10 mg per hundred sclerotia. The size of sclerotia also varied in different isolates and ranged from 0.76 mm to 1.72 mm in diameter. The colour of sclerotia was mostly brown to light brown at maturity. Shape of sclerotia was also varied among the isolates and most of the isolates were produced spherical to irregular shape sclerotia. The sclerotia in most of the isolates were distributed in peripheral to scattered manner over the PDA plates. In order to determination of mycelial compatibility groups (MCG) among the isolates the isolates were paired to each other on PDA plates and the isolates also paired themselves to ensure self-compatibility. There were 120 combinations of fifteen isolates, out of which only 43 combinations showed compatible reactions (35.83% of all the combinations) while remaining 77 combinations showed incompatible reaction. Based on compatible and incompatible reaction three MCGs were distinguished among fifteen isolates. Fifty genotypes of lentil were evaluated in nethouse and field condition against collar rot. Out of 50 genotypes five genotypes viz, IPL 5-09-38, ILL-9948, DPL-15, TAL-6 and DPL-62 were showed moderately resistant reaction in both the conditions.