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Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda

Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda has been established as a full-fledged State University, having unique honour of being the “First Agricultural University of Bundelkhand Region”. The University was notified vide Government Order No. 301/79-V-1-10-1 (Ka) 27-2009 Lucknow and established on 2nd March 2010 under Uttar Pradesh Agriculture University Act (Sanshodhan) 1958 Gazette-Adhiniyam 2010. Initially it was named as “Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda”, which was changed as “Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda” vide Uttar Pradesh Agriculture University Act (Sanshodhan) Adhiniyam, 2014, No. 1528(2)/LXXIX-V-1-14-1(Ka)-13-2014 dated 4th December 2014. The University has been established for the development of the agriculture and allied sectors in the Uttar Pradesh on the whole and Bundelkhand region in particular. It is committed to serve the Bundelkhand region with trinity concept, i.e. complete integration of teaching, research and extension for the development of agriculture and allied sectors in order to ensure food security and enhance socio-economic status of inhabitants. State Government of Uttar Pradesh has assigned the University with the responsibilities of (a) human resource generation and development, (b) generation and perfection of technologies, and (c) their dissemination to the farmers, orchardists and dairy farmers in the Chitrakoot Dham and Jhansi divisions. The Chirtrkoot Dham Division consists of four districts, namely Banda, Chitrakoot (Karvi), Mahoba and Hamirpur whereas Jhansi Division consists of Jhansi, Lalitpur and Jalaun (Orai) districts.


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Now showing 1 - 9 of 19
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Genotype screening and efficacy evaluation of biorational insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee)
    (Department of Entomology, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda Uttar Pradesh, India (210001), 2023-09-29) Deepak Tomar; Bhupendra Kumar Singh
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Characterization of Polygalacturonase-Inhibiting Protein (PGIP) Gene in Mungbean and Their Expression in Bruchid Resistant Wild Ricebean
    (Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda U.P. 210001 India, 2023-08-09) Ramesh Kumar; Rakesh Pandey
    Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek] is an important short duration grain legume. The huge demand for mungbean around the world creates a substantial export potential. Pulse beetles (Callosobruchus spp.) are a key issue of concern among the several threats that limit the production of mungbean, particularly in storage conditions. An investigation was carried out to analyze the polygalacturonase inhibiting protein (PGIP) gene family in mungbean and their possible role in bruchid resistance. One highly resistant wild ricebean genotype from Vigna umbellata (PRR 2008-2) and one susceptible cultivar from V. radiata (Shikha) were selected for the study. The PGIP proteins were tracked from the genome-wide data of mungbean (V. radiata) available at Legume Information System database. RNA extraction and cDNA synthesis were done. Based on analysis and functional annotation, the suitable candidates were selected and used for primer designing. The qRT- PCR analysis was carried out using a Real-Time PCR machine with standard PCR conditioning. 41 VrPGIP genes were identified throughout mungbean genome. All the genes were randomly distributed over the chromosomes. All the 41 VrPGIP genes were grouped into 06 major clades. All the VrPGIP had single exon except VrPGIP37. All the genes comprised of Glyco_Hydro_18 domain. Four candidate genes VrPGIP 17, VePGIP 18. VrPGIP 21 and VrPGIP 23 were significantly up-regulated in the PRR 2008-2 (Highly Resistant). These genes may be utilized in the development of resistant varieties against pulse beetle in future breeding programme.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    A laboratory experiment was carried out to investigate the life table and feeding potential of Mexican beetle, Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on its most preferable weed host Parthenium hysterophorus L.” in the PG laboratory of Department of Entomology of College of Agriculture, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology (BUAT), Banda during June to November of 2022. The results of the life cycle study indicated that the Z. bicolorata laid eggs either on leaf surface or on the lid of the containers. The eggs were small, oblonged, elongated, smooth and light yellow coloured and hatched within an average of 4.1±0.852 days. The average pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition period were 6.05 ± 1.145, 69.85 ± 3.265 and 30.8 ± 3.088 days, respectively. The neonate grub had passed through four instars and full grown within 14.4 ± 2.11 days, where the average duration of 1st , 2 nd , 3 rd and 4 th instar grubs were 3.45 ± 0.510, 3.45 ± 0.998, 2.9 ± 0.788 and 5.2 ± 0.894 days, respectively. The average longevity of female and male were 88.3± 4.90 and 84.5 ± 4.89 days, respectively. The results of life tables studied revealed the total mortality during June to November was ranged between 40.6 to 61.1 per cent, where the minimum was recorded during June to July followed August – September (51.4 %) and maximum during October- November in egg and early larval instars. Besides, 1 st & 2nd grub instars had also infested with Beauveria bassiana and some unknown factors had also responsible for the mortality at pupal and adult stage. The overall mortality was too decreased with the advancement of the study season. Morphometric observations on different life stages of Z. bicolorata showed that the average length and breadth of eggs were 1.21 ± 0.04mm and 0.49 ± 0.04 mm, respectively. Length of 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd and 4 th instars larvae were 1.38 ± 0.07, 2.80 ± 0.13, 4.93 ± 0.13 and 6.02 ± 0.13 mm, respectively. The corresponding values for their breadth were 0.69 ± 0.03, 0.94 ± 0.09, 2.93 ± 0.18 and 3.89 ± 0.25 mm, respectively, Whereas, the length and breadth of pupae, male & female beetles were 6.24 ± 0.15 x 4.13 ± 0.13 mm, 6.27 ± 0.13 x 3.29 ± 0.12mm and 6.42 ± 0.15 x 3.71 ± 0.10 mm, respectively. However, breadth the head capsule of 1 st, 2nd , 3 rd & 4th instars grub, adults (male) and adult (female) were measured an average of 0.45 ± 0.03, 0.73 ± 0.08, 1.93 ± 0.12 & 2.12 ± 0.06, 2.43 ± 0.24 and 2.72 ± 0.15 mm, respectively. Results on feeding potential revealed that the 1 st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th instars grub consumed about 2.77, 6.46, 12.05 and 10.82 mg Parthenium leaves per day, respectively and early instars were more consuming later stage. However, the adult males consumed quite less amount of leaves (10.34mg/ day) than the female (11.82mg/day) and it is varied due to variability in body size and life spam.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    The present investigations were carried out at PG Research Farm of College of Agriculture, BUAT, Banda during Kharif 2022 for study the incidence of fall armyworm, (S. frugiperda J. E. Smith) on maize and their management through newer insecticides. The popular maize variety NHM-3899 was grown in 150m2 area for study of population dynamics and 20m2 each plot size with 7 treatment and 3 replications for management. The result revealed that the fall armyworm first noticed on seedling stage of the crop growth and continued till maturity. The larval population of S. frugiperda appeared first in 33rd Standard week (13th to 19th August) with its mean of 0.10 larvae plant-1and reached to its maximum (6.92 larvae plant-1 ) in 3 rd week of September (38th SW). The damage caused by S. frugiperda was estimated in the term of per cent leaf damage, which ranged between 0.37 to 60.16 per cent with variability during crop growth stages. Among two predatory species viz., coccinellids and spiders were prevalent and first noticed in 3 rdweek of August (33rd SW) with the initial population of 0.16 grub & adult plant-1 and 0.28 plant-1 , respectively with the occurrence of larval population S. frugiperda in field. The population of coccinellids attended its peaks (1.12 plant-1 ) in 36th SW, whereas the peak of spiders (1.68 plant-1) was recorded in 38thSW and it was gradually increased with an increase of the larval population fall armyworm and correlated significantly with a positive correlation of r= 0.657 & r= 0.699, respectively. Among the weather variables, only rainfall (r= 0.623) had significant correlation with larval population of S. frugiperda. However, none of the variables had shown significant correlation with per cent leaf damage. The regression equation evident that all the parameters (predators and weather parameters) jointly contribute 97 per cent abundance of larval population of fall armyworm, whereas joint effect of both predators had 72 per cent influenced (72 per cent) while joint effect of all the weather variables contributed only 57 percent abundance of larval population of fall armyworm. Among tested insecticides, chlorantraniliprole 18.5SC @ 40g a.i. ha-1 followed by spinetoram 11.7 w/w SC @ 30g a.i. ha-1 and emamectin benzoate 5 SG 20g a.i. ha-1 were found most effective against S. frugiperda that significantly reduced the larval population and gave higher field bio-efficacy in maize. These three insecticides showed 81.98, 80.57 and 77.26 per cent larval population reduction, respectively over control. The maximum yield (50.33 qha-1 ) and net return (Rs.45959.31 ha-1 ) were recorded from spinetoram 11.7 SC followed by chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC. However, the maximum C:B ratio (1:8.58) was recorded from emamectin benzoate 5 SG treated plot.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana, Lamk.) belongs to the Rhamnaceae family and it is an important fruit crop for arid and semi-arid regions. It has delicious flavour and potent nutritional properties; hence it is known as the peasantry's fruit. The ber flowers exhibit synchronous protandrous dichogamy, which means that anther dehiscence occurs before stigma receptivity. The flower biology and heavy pollen offer great potential for cross pollination. Pollination is an intricate relationship between plants and pollinators. Pollination is one of the most essential ecosystem services, which is effectual for fruit productivity. The pollination management, augmentation and conservation of pollinators would increase the fruit productivity manifold. Present investigation envisaged to compare the performance of anthophiles/pollinators. Experiments were conducted at Horticulture farm of Banda University of Agricultural & Technology, Banda. Various observations were recorded viz. diversity of the anthophiles/pollinators, foraging initiation and foraging cessation, Relative abundance, visitation rate, time spent, Pollen deposition on stigma, Fruit weight, Fruit productivity. Total 21 anthophiles were recorded during blooming period of ber, they belong to 19 families and 6 orders recorded on boom of ber. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index of anthophiles H’= 2.360 was obtained on ber. The longest foraging duration in a day recorded with M. domestica. The visitation rates, time spend and relative abundance of pollinators varied from species to species, day to day and time to time. The maximum visitation rate (20.05 flower/ min), maximum time spent (3.15sec./ flower) and maximum relative abundance (4.25 visit/ meter2 / 5 minutes) were recorded with Apis florea. Out of the anthophiles, A. florea, Polistes versicolor, Musca domestica, Lucilia sericata and Sceliphron caementarium were screened as pollinators and out of these pollinators, A. florea was key pollinator of ber in this region on the basis of pollen transfer on stigma. The maximum fruit weight and Fruit productivity of ber was recorded with the open pollination. It advocates that augmentation and conservation of above-mentioned key pollinators can maximize the pollination and thereby, enhance the ber productivity.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (Banda University of Agriculture &Technology, Banda-210001Uttar Pradesh (India), 2022-08-25) Jaiswal, Shailja; Pandey, Rakesh
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    “Study on population dynamics and management of bud fly (Dasineura lini) in linseed.
    (Banda University of Agriculture & Technology, Banda – 210001 Uttar Pradesh (India)., 2022-08-17) Singh, Happy; Singh, B.K.
    Oilseed crops generally are one of the most important crops in the world. Their role in human diet and industrial application cannot be underestimated. linseed crop are crop with high potentials to improve human diets, prevent malnutrition and food insecurity and to provide employment through income generation in the society. Various factors responsible for low yield of linseed as compared to potential yield. the linseed bud fly, (Dasineura lini) is one of the major biotic constraint in increasing production and productivity of linseed crop throughout the world. Injudicious use of pesticides against this destructive insect further ignites the problem of resistance, resurgence and environmental and ecological imbalances. Present investigation envisaged to “Study on population dynamics and management of bud fly (Dasineura lini) in linseed’’. Experiments were conducted at Students Experimental farm of Banda University of Agricultural & Technology, Banda. Various observations were recorded viz. population dynamics of bud fly (Dasineura lini), effect of insecticides and botanicals against bud fly of linseed crop. percent bud infestation, yield of linseed and benefit: cost ratio. The lowest percent bud infestation was recorded throughout the cropping period with 1 st November date of sown crop and bud infestation was recorded at bud initiation to dough stage. The highest percent bud infestation was recorded at third date (30th November) of sown crop. Imidachloprid 17.8 SL is the best treatment as it exhibits lowest bud infestation, highest yield and highest benefit cost ratio were recorded. It is advisable to sown the crop in the early of November and when insect population reached at ETL, application of Imidachloprid give better result.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    Thesis Title: “Diversity and Abundance of termite species in hamirpur and chitrakoot district of bundelkhand region of uttar pradesh”
    (Banda University of Agriculture & Technology, Banda-210001, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2022-09-08) Srivastava, Mr. Aakash; Singh, S.K.
    To observe the diversity and abundance of termites a field experiment was conducted at Hamirpur and Chitrakoot in Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh during 2021-22. Two transects of 100m x100m were laid out in each village in cultivated and uncultivated area, transect was divided into 20 sections of 5m x 2m from which termite samples were collected using the ‗X‘ pattern along with the soil samples. Total six termite species namely Odontotermes obesus, O.gurdaspurensis. O. brunneus, O. redemanni, O. globicola, and Microtermes mycophagus were identified in 110 samples from Hamirpur and Chitrakoot district. The Average number of termite varied from 15 to 52 both cultivated and uncultivated land of Hamirpur during time period of 0-15 to 0-90 minutes. However, the average no. of termites was 14 to 57 at cultivated and uncultivated land of Chitrakoot district during the same time period. All the identified termites belong to the single sub-family Macrotermitinae of the family Termitidae. The highest and the lowest termite abundance encountered was 4 and 1, respectively and the number of termite abundance in uncultivated land was higher in comparison to cultivated land. The abundance of termite in cultivated and uncultivated land of Hamirpur and uncultivated land of Chitrakoot had significant correlation with the organic carbon and organic matter. whereas it has non-significant negative correlation with the cultivated land of Chitrakoot. Shannon index expressed that O. obesus was the most dominant species in the cultivated and uncultivated land of Chitrakoot and in cultivated land of Hamirpur. In uncultivated land of Hamirpur O. gurdaspurensis was dominant.
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (Banda University of Agriculture &Technology, Banda-210001, Uttar Pradesh (India), 2022-08-25) Jagmohan; Mishra, Mukesh Kumar
    The present investigations were carried out at Research Block of College of Agriculture, BUAT, Banda during Kharif 2021 for study the incidence of two important defoliators viz., Tobacco caterpillar, S. litura and American bollworm, H. armigera on groundnut variety Dharani. The result revealed the tobacco caterpillar first noticed on early stage of the crop followed by American bollworm and continued till harvest. The incidence of both the insect-pests was fluctuating under varying weather conditions. Of these, S. litura initiated with mean larval population of 0.21 plant-1 and reached it maximum (7.01 larvae plant-1 ) in last week of September (39thSW), Whereas H. armigera initiated with mean larval population of 0.19 plant-1 in 4thweek of August (34thSW) and reached to its maximum (5.02 larvae plant-1 ) in first week of October (40thSW). The meteorological variable had non-significant correlation except maximum relative humidity. The temperature (max. & min.) and minimum RH had positive correlation whereas the rainfall had negative correlation with larval population of S. litura. However, the H. armigera had positive correlation with max. temp. and max. RH, whereas it had negative correlation with min. temp., min RH and rainfall. Two predator species viz., coccinellids and spiders were recorded at different stages of the crop growth. The coccinellids were first noticed in 3rdweek of August (33rdSW) however, appearance of spiders was first noticed in 32ndSW. The results revealed that population of natural predators was gradually increased with an increase of the larval population bollworm species and significantly correlated. Among tested insecticides, chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 30g a.i. ha-1 followed by cyantraniliprole 10 OD @ 90g a.i. ha-1 and novaluron 5.25 + indoxacarb 4.5 SC @ 39.38+33.77g a.i. ha-1were found most effective against S. litura and H. armigera, that significantly reduced the larval population with maximum per cent field bioefficacy in groundnut. The maximum yield (22.37 qha-1 ), increase over control (52.00 per cent), net return (Rs.55765.00 ha-1 ) were recorded from chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC followed by cyantraniliprole 10 OD and novaluron 5.25 + indoxacarb 4.5 SC. Based on cost: benefit ratio, chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC (1:6.80) was most economical followed by flubendiamide 20 WG (1:5:12) and lambda cyhalothrin 5 EC (1:3.92).