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Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat

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Assam Agricultural University is the first institution of its kind in the whole of North-Eastern Region of India. The main goal of this institution is to produce globally competitive human resources in farm sectorand to carry out research in both conventional and frontier areas for production optimization as well as to disseminate the generated technologies as public good for benefitting the food growers/produces and traders involved in the sector while emphasizing on sustainability, equity and overall food security at household level. Genesis of AAU - The embryo of the agricultural research in the state of Assam was formed as early as 1897 with the establishment of the Upper Shillong Experimental Farm (now in Meghalaya) just after about a decade of creation of the agricultural department in 1882. However, the seeds of agricultural research in today’s Assam were sown in the dawn of the twentieth century with the establishment of two Rice Experimental Stations, one at Karimganj in Barak valley in 1913 and the other at Titabor in Brahmaputra valley in 1923. Subsequent to these research stations, a number of research stations were established to conduct research on important crops, more specifically, jute, pulses, oilseeds etc. The Assam Agricultural University was established on April 1, 1969 under The Assam Agricultural University Act, 1968’ with the mandate of imparting farm education, conduct research in agriculture and allied sciences and to effectively disseminate technologies so generated. Before establishment of the University, there were altogether 17 research schemes/projects in the state under the Department of Agriculture. By July 1973, all the research projects and 10 experimental farms were transferred by the Government of Assam to the AAU which already inherited the College of Agriculture and its farm at Barbheta, Jorhat and College of Veterinary Sciences at Khanapara, Guwahati. Subsequently, College of Community Science at Jorhat (1969), College of Fisheries at Raha (1988), Biswanath College of Agriculture at Biswanath Chariali (1988) and Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science at Joyhing, North Lakhimpur (1988) were established. Presently, the University has three more colleges under its jurisdiction, viz., Sarat Chandra Singha College of Agriculture, Chapar, College of Horticulture, Nalbari & College of Sericulture, Titabar. Similarly, few more regional research stations at Shillongani, Diphu, Gossaigaon, Lakhimpur; and commodity research stations at Kahikuchi, Buralikson, Tinsukia, Kharua, Burnihat and Mandira were added to generate location and crop specific agricultural production packages.

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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    STATUS OF WOMEN TEA PLANTATION WORKERS IN JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM
    (2019-07) Jumi, Toko; Borah, Sayanika
    The present study entitled as “Status of Women Tea Plantation Workers in Jorhat District of Assam” was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. Four (4) tea gardens under public corporation from Jorhat sub-division were selected using purposive sampling method. A total of 100 women tea plantation workers were selected randomly using a simple random sampling method. The personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and ranking. It has been observed that the majority of respondents (45.00%) were under the age group young category i.e. 18-30 years. Majority of respondents (77.00%) were married. More than half of the respondents (52.00%) were illiterate. Cent per cent of the respondents was under Minority and Other Backward Class (MOBC). The data also revealed that the majority of respondents were from the nuclear family (77.00%) and 55 per cent of respondents belonged from a small family (till 4 members). Majority of the respondents lived in Katcha house (88.00%). The pipeline was the source of water for 66 per cent of respondents. 46 per cent of respondents had a low-cost latrine. Daily wage labourer was the occupation of respondent's head of the family for 81 per cent of the respondents. 50 per cent of the respondents earned between (Rs. 4492- Rs. 5012) monthly. A large percentage of the respondents had no subsidiary source of income (96.00%). 51 per cent of the respondents had no membership in any organisation. In material possession, a very high percentage of the respondents possessed traditional Chulha (99.00%), 36 per cent of respondents possessed two-wheeler and in livestock, 52 per cent the respondents possessed hen. It was highlighted that 71 per cent of the respondents had a medium level of mass media exposure. More than half of the respondents had a medium level of conservatism- liberalism (63.00%). It is revealed from the findings that the majority of the respondents made a joint decision with their husbands in taking the final decision in various activities. Independent decision was also seen among the respondents which were highest in areas of maintenance of the house (84.00%), selection and preparation of food (73.00%), voting in the election (66.00%), taking part in social events (44.00%), and recreational activities (40.00%). The data revealed that the majority (51.00%) of the respondents were most interested in poultry farming followed by goat rearing (14.00%). The data also highlighted that in an average respondents spent 7.94 hours in working at tea garden in a day followed by 7.88 hours in sleep, 2.08 hours in kitchen, 0.95 hours in watching TV, listening radio etc, 0.91 hours in personal care, 0.815 hours in care for children and family, 0.69 hours in cleaning, 0.29 in fetching water and cleaning, 0.28 hours in religious activities, 0.25 hours in collection of firewood, 0.10 hours in care for animals and 0.77 hours in social activities. The findings revealed that insufficient wage was ranked I with mean score (2.99), lack of toilet facilities at work was ranked II with mean score (2.95), no provisions for protective gears at work was ranked III with mean score (2.82), back pain due to carrying of tea baskets for a long time was ranked IV with mean score (2.45), cuts and rashes on fingers and palm due to plucking of tea leaves was ranked V with mean score (2.43).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    STATUS OF WOMEN TEA PLANTATION WORKERS IN JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM
    (2019-07) Jumi, Toko; Borah, Sayanika
    The present study entitled as “Status of Women Tea Plantation Workers in Jorhat District of Assam” was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. Four (4) tea gardens under public corporation from Jorhat sub-division were selected using purposive sampling method. A total of 100 women tea plantation workers were selected randomly using a simple random sampling method. The personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and ranking. It has been observed that the majority of respondents (45.00%) were under the age group young category i.e. 18-30 years. Majority of respondents (77.00%) were married. More than half of the respondents (52.00%) were illiterate. Cent per cent of the respondents was under Minority and Other Backward Class (MOBC). The data also revealed that the majority of respondents were from the nuclear family (77.00%) and 55 per cent of respondents belonged from a small family (till 4 members). Majority of the respondents lived in Katcha house (88.00%). The pipeline was the source of water for 66 per cent of respondents. 46 per cent of respondents had a low-cost latrine. Daily wage labourer was the occupation of respondent's head of the family for 81 per cent of the respondents. 50 per cent of the respondents earned between (Rs. 4492- Rs. 5012) monthly. A large percentage of the respondents had no subsidiary source of income (96.00%). 51 per cent of the respondents had no membership in any organisation. In material possession, a very high percentage of the respondents possessed traditional Chulha (99.00%), 36 per cent of respondents possessed two-wheeler and in livestock, 52 per cent the respondents possessed hen. It was highlighted that 71 per cent of the respondents had a medium level of mass media exposure. More than half of the respondents had a medium level of conservatism- liberalism (63.00%). It is revealed from the findings that the majority of the respondents made a joint decision with their husbands in taking the final decision in various activities. Independent decision was also seen among the respondents which were highest in areas of maintenance of the house (84.00%), selection and preparation of food (73.00%), voting in the election (66.00%), taking part in social events (44.00%), and recreational activities (40.00%). The data revealed that the majority (51.00%) of the respondents were most interested in poultry farming followed by goat rearing (14.00%). The data also highlighted that in an average respondents spent 7.94 hours in working at tea garden in a day followed by 7.88 hours in sleep, 2.08 hours in kitchen, 0.95 hours in watching TV, listening radio etc, 0.91 hours in personal care, 0.815 hours in care for children and family, 0.69 hours in cleaning, 0.29 in fetching water and cleaning, 0.28 hours in religious activities, 0.25 hours in collection of firewood, 0.10 hours in care for animals and 0.77 hours in social activities. The findings revealed that insufficient wage was ranked I with mean score (2.99), lack of toilet facilities at work was ranked II with mean score (2.95), no provisions for protective gears at work was ranked III with mean score (2.82), back pain due to carrying of tea baskets for a long time was ranked IV with mean score (2.45), cuts and rashes on fingers and palm due to plucking of tea leaves was ranked V with mean score (2.43).
  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    STATUS OF WOMEN TEA PLANTATION WORKERS IN JORHAT DISTRICT OF ASSAM
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2019-07) Jumi, Toko; Borah, Sayanika
    The present study entitled as “Status of Women Tea Plantation Workers in Jorhat District of Assam” was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. Four (4) tea gardens under public corporation from Jorhat sub-division were selected using purposive sampling method. A total of 100 women tea plantation workers were selected randomly using a simple random sampling method. The personal interview method was applied for the collection of primary data. Data were analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and ranking. It has been observed that the majority of respondents (45.00%) were under the age group young category i.e. 18-30 years. Majority of respondents (77.00%) were married. More than half of the respondents (52.00%) were illiterate. Cent per cent of the respondents was under Minority and Other Backward Class (MOBC). The data also revealed that the majority of respondents were from the nuclear family (77.00%) and 55 per cent of respondents belonged from a small family (till 4 members). Majority of the respondents lived in Katcha house (88.00%). The pipeline was the source of water for 66 per cent of respondents. 46 per cent of respondents had a low-cost latrine. Daily wage labourer was the occupation of respondent's head of the family for 81 per cent of the respondents. 50 per cent of the respondents earned between (Rs. 4492- Rs. 5012) monthly. A large percentage of the respondents had no subsidiary source of income (96.00%). 51 per cent of the respondents had no membership in any organisation. In material possession, a very high percentage of the respondents possessed traditional Chulha (99.00%), 36 per cent of respondents possessed two-wheeler and in livestock, 52 per cent the respondents possessed hen. It was highlighted that 71 per cent of the respondents had a medium level of mass media exposure. More than half of the respondents had a medium level of conservatism- liberalism (63.00%). It is revealed from the findings that the majority of the respondents made a joint decision with their husbands in taking the final decision in various activities. Independent decision was also seen among the respondents which were highest in areas of maintenance of the house (84.00%), selection and preparation of food (73.00%), voting in the election (66.00%), taking part in social events (44.00%), and recreational activities (40.00%). The data revealed that the majority (51.00%) of the respondents were most interested in poultry farming followed by goat rearing (14.00%). The data also highlighted that in an average respondents spent 7.94 hours in working at tea garden in a day followed by 7.88 hours in sleep, 2.08 hours in kitchen, 0.95 hours in watching TV, listening radio etc, 0.91 hours in personal care, 0.815 hours in care for children and family, 0.69 hours in cleaning, 0.29 in fetching water and cleaning, 0.28 hours in religious activities, 0.25 hours in collection of firewood, 0.10 hours in care for animals and 0.77 hours in social activities. The findings revealed that insufficient wage was ranked I with mean score (2.99), lack of toilet facilities at work was ranked II with mean score (2.95), no provisions for protective gears at work was ranked III with mean score (2.82), back pain due to carrying of tea baskets for a long time was ranked IV with mean score (2.45), cuts and rashes on fingers and palm due to plucking of tea leaves was ranked V with mean score (2.43).