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Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat

Assam Agricultural University is the first institution of its kind in the whole of North-Eastern Region of India. The main goal of this institution is to produce globally competitive human resources in farm sectorand to carry out research in both conventional and frontier areas for production optimization as well as to disseminate the generated technologies as public good for benefitting the food growers/produces and traders involved in the sector while emphasizing on sustainability, equity and overall food security at household level. Genesis of AAU - The embryo of the agricultural research in the state of Assam was formed as early as 1897 with the establishment of the Upper Shillong Experimental Farm (now in Meghalaya) just after about a decade of creation of the agricultural department in 1882. However, the seeds of agricultural research in today’s Assam were sown in the dawn of the twentieth century with the establishment of two Rice Experimental Stations, one at Karimganj in Barak valley in 1913 and the other at Titabor in Brahmaputra valley in 1923. Subsequent to these research stations, a number of research stations were established to conduct research on important crops, more specifically, jute, pulses, oilseeds etc. The Assam Agricultural University was established on April 1, 1969 under The Assam Agricultural University Act, 1968’ with the mandate of imparting farm education, conduct research in agriculture and allied sciences and to effectively disseminate technologies so generated. Before establishment of the University, there were altogether 17 research schemes/projects in the state under the Department of Agriculture. By July 1973, all the research projects and 10 experimental farms were transferred by the Government of Assam to the AAU which already inherited the College of Agriculture and its farm at Barbheta, Jorhat and College of Veterinary Sciences at Khanapara, Guwahati. Subsequently, College of Community Science at Jorhat (1969), College of Fisheries at Raha (1988), Biswanath College of Agriculture at Biswanath Chariali (1988) and Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science at Joyhing, North Lakhimpur (1988) were established. Presently, the University has three more colleges under its jurisdiction, viz., Sarat Chandra Singha College of Agriculture, Chapar, College of Horticulture, Nalbari & College of Sericulture, Titabar. Similarly, few more regional research stations at Shillongani, Diphu, Gossaigaon, Lakhimpur; and commodity research stations at Kahikuchi, Buralikson, Tinsukia, Kharua, Burnihat and Mandira were added to generate location and crop specific agricultural production packages.


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  • ThesisItemOpen Access
    (AAU, Jorhat, 2018) Koch, Parismita; Barooah, Mridula Saikia
    The consumer demand is increasing for bakery products having high nutritional value and potential health benefit. The primary objective of the study is to produce baked goods using partial substitution of fat with papaya pulp concentrate and wheat flour with buckwheat and defatted soya flour. Cookies and muffins were prepared with different composite flour treatments of refined wheat flour, buckwheat flour and defatted soy flour in the ratio of 80:10:10 (T1). 70:20:10 (T2) and 60:30:10 (T3). Papaya pulp concentrate was obtained after drying papaya pulp at 60°±2°C for a period of 60, 90 and 120 minutes. The pulp concentrate with 120 minutes of drying was selected which contained total soluble solid content (20.5 ⁰Brix) double than that of the fresh pulp. This papaya pulp concentrate was used at 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% levels for replacing fat during baking. The organoleptic evaluation using 9 point hedonic scale revealed that cookies from the three composite flour treatments with 30% level of fat replacement scored highest in all the sensory attributes while for muffins, the composite flour treatments with 40% level of fat replacement received the highest scores. The physico-chemical analysis indicated that cookies and muffins of composite flour treatment T1 had the lowest fat content whereas composite flour treatment T3 for both the products were higher in nutritional composition. The protein, fiber and ash content of cookies increased to 17.82 g/100g, 2.27 g/100g and 1.56 g/100g with DPPH inhibition % 60.13% respectively and fat content decreased to 19.37 g/100g in comparision to control with 23.82 g/100g. For muffins, the protein, fiber and ash content increased to 19.02 g/100g, 2.35 g/100g and 1.79 g/100g with DPPH inhibition % 61.07% respectively and fat content decreased to 13.84 g/100g in comparision to control with 18.77 g/100g. The shelf-life of papaya pulp concentrate with different treatments was upto 5 days after which visible growth appeared. The pulp concentrate with preservative stored in refrigerator had the least microbial count on fifth day. The shelf-life of cookies packaged in air tight container and HDPE packages were upto 90 days in regard to both microbial load and sensory evaluation. The muffins were acceptable up to 14 days after which visible growth was visible. The overall acceptability of the bakery products decreased with increase in storage period. Thus it can be concluded that use of composite flour and papaya pulp concentrate in baked foods causes increased overall nutritional quality, decreased fat content and thereby trans fat and calorie content.