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Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai


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    Molecular Epidemiology of Peste Des Petits Ruminants Viruses from Southern India
    (The Veterinary Record, 2003-03) Raj, G. Dhinakar; Kumar, A.S. Satish; Shaila, M.S.; Nachimuthu, K.; Palaniswami, K.S.; TANUVAS
    PESTE des petis ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious disease affecting sheep and goats which is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula (Taylor 1984). The virus is antigenically related to rinderpest virus, which infects cattle and other large ruminants. It is a member of the morbillivirus genus, which also includes measles, canine distemper virus and viruses of marine mammals, in the family Paramyxiviridae. In India, PPR virus was first identified in an outbreak in 1987 (Shaila and others 1989) and since then it has been reported in all parts of the country (Nanda and others 1996). It is now assumed that PPR was probably present in India before 1987 but was confused with rinderpest (Taylor and others 2002).