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Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai

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  • OtherItemOpen Access
    CLINICAL CASE OF FILARIASIS AND STRONGYLOSIS IN A TEMPLE ELEPHANT
    (2015-01) Jayathangaraj, MG; Prathipa, A; Ammaiappan; Gomathinayagam, S; TANUVAS
    An elephant around ll years old belonging to Sri Yoga Ramachandra Swami Temple, was said to be less active and taking less feed, since four days. On Clinical examination swelling was observed in the inter-mandibular regions and in the ventral parts of body and also in anterior brisket region. Oedema was noticed more noticeably in the ventral abdomen. Mild signs of pain was encountered during deep palpation of the oedematous parts. Samples (Dung, Blood smear, Blood in EDTA, Serum and Urine) were collected for investigation. The dung sample was positive for Strongyles
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF SNAKE ENVENOMATION IN A KANGAYAM BULL
    (2015-01) Ramya Devi, R; Sivaraman, S; Subramanian, M; TANUVAS
    Kangayam bull aged about 3 years was presented to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex (TVCC), Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal with the history of sudden swelling in the right forelimb and bleeding from nose following snake bite while grazing. Clinical examination revealed swelling on the fetlock region of right forelimb, epistaxis and prolonged whole blood clotting time. Animal was treated with Polyvalent Snake Venom Antiserum, Tetanus Toxoid and supportive therapy.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    ENDOSCOPIC DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF REGURGITATION IN CALVES WITH FOREIGN BODY OBSTRUCTION
    (2015-01) Kavitha, S; Gowri, B; Enbavelan, PA; Kokila Priya, A; Nambi, AP; TANUVAS
    Two female buffalo calves of age two months were presented to the Large Animal Clinic — outpatient unit of Madras Veterinary College Teaching Hospital, With a history of regurgitation of milk through oral and nasal cavities. Clinical Examination revealed normal heart rates, respiratory rates with distended abdomen and tympanic sound on percussion, There was no evidence of foreign body in the oral cavity and cervical esophagus. Stomach tube was passed without difficulty and bloat was relieved. The calves were subjected for contrast radiography with barium swallow. Partial obstruction of cardia by foreign body, leading to restricted barium flow was appreciable. Both the calves were then subjected for endoscopy under sedation with xylazine. In one of the calves, Clumped mass of polythene bags visualized at the cardia region was successfully removed using the endoscopic foreign body retrieval forceps. whereas in the other calf, polythene bags in the cardia region was entangled to the abomasal mucosae and was unable to be retrieved using endoscope forceps and the case was referred for laparotomy.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    ULTRASONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN VARIOUS ABDOMINAL DISORDERS IN CATTLE - A REVIEW IN 50 CASES.
    (2015-01) Gowri, B; Chandrasekaran, D; Jeyaraja, K; Kavitha, S; Bharathan, P; Enbavelan, PA; Thirunavukkarasu, PS; TANUVAS
    Ultrasonography is an ideal diagnostic tool for investigating gastrointestinal disorders in cattle. The study consisted of 50 animals presented to Large Animal Clinic Out Patient Unit with signs suggestive of abdominal disorders were taken. The animals Were subjected to history, clinical examination? hematology, biochemistry, radiography, ultrasonography and exploratory laparotomy in feasible cases. History of recent calving with reduction in milk yield was recorded in 76 % of cases. Clinical examination revealed reduction in appetite, milk yield, regurgitation. distended abdomen and absence of defecation.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    FAILURE OF ESSEN REGIMEN FOR A RABID MENACE IN BOVINES
    (2015-01) Ranjithkumar, M; Saravanan, M; Pushkin Raj, H; Saahithya, R; Satheshkumar, S; Shafiuzama, M; TANUVAS
    Rabies, a deadly zoonotic viral disease remains prevalent in India. Dogs infected with rabies remains to be a potential vector for this disease and cause ninety nine percent of death in humans Test (STAT). The present study revealed that none of the serum samples tested Was positive for Brucella abortus.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    ESTIMATION OF PROTHROMBIN TIME AND ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME IN SNAKEBITE CASES OF DOGS
    (2015-01) Kalundia, Abhishek; Kavitha, S; Induleha, VM; Hamsa Yamini, S; Nambi, AP; TANUVAS
    The venoms of most snakes are a mixture of toxins, enzymes, and smaller molecules. The makeup of venoms’ compo-nents varies Widely from species to species. This variability is the reason for the widely differing effects of snakebites. Venoms may cause the following reactions: neurotoxic (pre/ post/synaptic), cardiotoxic, myolytic, coagulant (anticoagu-lant), hemostatic (activating/inhibiting), hemorrhagic, and possibly directly nephrotoxic or hepatotoxic actions. The present study was designed with the objective to identify the variation in coagulation profiles Viz Prothrombin Time (PTT) & Activated Partial Thromboplostin Time (APTT) in the dogs presented with snake envenomation. The available data in Critical Care Unit, Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Madras Veterinary College were taken as the source. Apparently healthy dogs presented for vaccination constitute normal control study. 12 envenomised dogs were selected, out of Which 6 Were bitten by Cobras and 6 by Vipers.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    CLINICAL STAGING AND STAGED PREVALENCE OF HEART FAILURE IN DOGS
    (2015-01) Selvaraj, P; Snehlata Uttam, B; Mangala Gowri, A; Nambi, AP; Srinivasan, SR; TANUVAS
    Heart failure management remains a day to day clinical challenge for veterinary clinicians. This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of different stages of heart failure in dogs. Clinical Staging was adapted and dogs were divided into four stages as A, B, C and D. The study subjects were evaluated by through physical examination, haemato-biochemical studies, electrocardiography, radiography and echocardiography. Study Groupings consisted of healthy controls and heart failure dogs, which were further divided into DCM and DMV D sub groups. 2300 cases were screened for cardiovascular disorders and out of which 83 dogs had heart failure, forming a prevalence of 3.33%. Out of the 83 cases 51 were due to DCM (61 .44%) and 32 were due to DMVD (38.55%). Out of 83 cases 50 cases were taken for this study. Clinical staging proved that the DCM patients rapidly progressed from asymptomatic status into symptomatic status, While such a rapid progression was not present in DMVD patients.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    IDENTIFICATION OF AN INDIAN NATIVE DOG BREED “CHIPPIPARAl” A SAFE BLOOD DONOR AND PREVALENCE OF DEA 1.1 ANTIGENS AMONGST NATIVE HOUND BREEDS IN INDIA.
    (2015-01) Baranidharan, GR; Thirunavukkarasu, PS; Srinivasan, SR; Kumanan, K; TANUVAS
    The identification of canine blood groups is significant in dogs receiving transfusions to carry out safe transfusion procedures. Amongst the dog blood groups, the identification of the highly immunogenic Dog Erythrocyte Antigen (DEA) 1.1 in dogs has gained importance and momentum since these groups are capable of causing acute haemolytic, potentially life-threatening transfusion reactions. In India, till date there has been no scientific data or studies in determining the incidence of Dog Erythrocytic Antigens. Around 200 blood donor dogs of various Indian native hound breeds including Rajapalayam, Chippiparai, Kanni of Tamil Nadu, Modhul hounds of Karanataka, Rampur hounds of Uttar Pradesh were typed for the presence or absence of DEA 1.1 blood. All samples were tested for saline agglutination tests to rule out auto agglutination.
  • OtherItemOpen Access
    SMALL ANIMAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY
    (2015-01) M.Chandrasekar, M; Thirunavukkarasu, PS; Srinivasan, SR; TANUVAS
    Ultrasonography has become an important modality for imaging abdominal and thoracic organs in small animals. Using ultrasonography normal and anomalous morphologies can be studied by observing changes in size, shape and echogenicity. For sonologists with sound knowledge in grey- scale 2D ultrasonography, the Doppler 3D technology presents the next step in challenging diagnosis. Cases that were referred from the small animal clinic-out patient unit of Madras Veterinary College Teaching Hospital for ultrasonography between October 2013 and October 2014 were documented. Subjects presenting with illnesses of various organs such as liver, spleen, kidney, gastro intestinal tract, reproductive tract, heart and lungs during this period were diagnosed as well as treated with ultrasonographic guidance and the results of the study are statistically discussed.