Anand Agricultural University (AAU) was established in 2004 at Anand with the support of the Government of Gujarat, Act No.(Guj 5 of 2004) dated April 29, 2004. Caved out of the erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University (GAU), the dream institution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Dr. K. M. Munshi, the AAU was set up to provide support to the farming community in three facets namely education, research and extension activities in Agriculture, Horticulture Engineering, product Processing and Home Science. At present there seven Colleges, seventeen Research Centers and six Extension Education Institute working in nine districts of Gujarat namely Ahmedabad, Anand, Dahod, Kheda, Panchmahal, Vadodara, Mahisagar, Botad and Chhotaudepur
AAU's activities have expanded to span newer commodity sectors such as soil health card, bio-diesel, medicinal plants apart from the mandatory ones like rice, maize, tobacco, vegetable crops, fruit crops, forage crops, animal breeding, nutrition and dairy products etc. the core of AAU's operating philosophy however, continues to create the partnership between the rural people and committed academic as the basic for sustainable rural development. In pursuing its various programmes AAU's overall mission is to promote sustainable growth and economic independence in rural society. AAU aims to do this through education, research and extension education. Thus, AAU works towards the empowerment of the farmers.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2021) SUTHAR YOGENDRA M.; Dr. H. N. PRAJAPATI
In India, Citrus is one of the major grown fruit crop after banana and mango
which is known for its high nutritive and refreshing value, distinct aroma, delicious
taste and also for its medicinal properties. Among all the diseases that attacks citrus
crops, citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. citri is one of the most devastating
disease and of great economic importance. The initial symptoms appeared on leaves in
the form of lesions as dark green and later become thickened brown and corky which
become raised and blister-like, growing into white or yellow spongy pustules.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2021) ROSHAN JOY D CUNHA; Dr. R. G. PARMAR
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), is the third most important pulse crop in the
world, also known as “King of pulses”. Its significant contribution towards nutritional
security as well as soil fertility management accomplished its extensive cultivation
worldwide. Quality of seeds plays a crucial role in the production of healthy crop.
Seed-borne pathogens are responsible for discolouration and deterioration of seeds,
reduction in viability, germination and vigour and produce abnormal seedlings. It also
serves as a vehicle for transmitting plant pathogens into new areas resulting in a serious
disease outbreak hampering the plant growth and productivity.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, 2021) Patel Sonal S.; Dr. R. G. Parmar
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is an important seed spice crop. It belongs to
the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae and is native of the Mediterranean and Near
Eastern regions. It is an important spice used in Indian kitchens for flavouring various
food preparations. This crop suffers from many fungal diseases, among them wilt
caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini is an important disease in cumin. Wilt of
cumin is found throughout cumin producing areas and causes the severe damage
during at all stage of the crop growth with greatest yield losses up to 80 per cent in
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2021) PATEL PARTH D.; Dr. Y. M. ROJASARA
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is one of the world's most important non-food
crop of the solanaceae family. Tobacco is now a significant commercial crop in terms
of revenue generation, export earnings, and employment. Gujarat ranks second in area
(1.74 lakh ha.) and production (5.19 lakh ton) which is spread over the major tobacco growing districts include Anand, Kheda, Vadodara, Mehsana, Banaskantha,
Sabarkantha, Patan, Gandhinagar, Mahisagar, Aravalli and Ahmedabad. Among all the
disease of tobacco, damping-off caused by Pythium aphanidermatum is most serious
disease in nursery. Looking to the seriousness of the disease and economic importance
of the crop in Gujarat, the present investigations were thus carried out to study the
behaviour of the disease/pathogen, cultural, morphological and molecular variability
among the isolates, in vitro evaluation of fungicide and bio-agent against the
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, ANAND, 2021) Parmar Mehul G.; Dr. Puja Pandey
Maize (Zea mays L.) is the world’s leading crop and is widely cultivated as
cereal grain that was domesticated in Central America. It is one of the most versatile
emerging crops having wider adaptability. Globally, maize is known as queen of
cereals because of its highest genetic yield potential. In Gujarat, major maize-growing
areas are Panchamahal, Arrvali, Dahod, Sabarkantha, Banaskantha and part of
Vadodara and Kheda districts, Among the all diseases of maize, curvularia leaf spot
disease caused by Curvularia lunata is a new emerging disease which is widely
distributed and highly destructive in maize growing region.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2021) GUNDARANIYA DIPAK G.; Dr. R. G. PARMAR
Soybean (Glycine max L.) known as miracle crop due to their quality protein
and oil. There are five agro-climatic zones for soybean cultivation in India these are
northen hill zone, northen plain zone, north eastern zone, central zone and southern
zone. It contains 43.20 % protein and 19.50 % oil. The oil of soybean is high in
polyunsaturated fatty acids and used in the production of soaps, ghee, printing inks,
chocolates, surface coating varnishes, paints and lubricants. Soybean suffers from
several diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, nematodes and physiological
disorders. The poor seed yield, quality and quantity of soybean is due to a number of
causes but seed borne infections are one of the most important factors among them.
Major seed borne fungi includes Alternaria alternata, Aspergilllus flavus, A. niger,
Cercospora kikuchi, Chaetomium globosum, Curvularia lunata, Colletotrichum
dematium, Fusarium oxysporum, Penicillium spp., Macrophomina phaseolina and
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2021) DEEP NARAYAN MISHRA; Dr. R. K. GANGWAR
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the world’s most important staple food crop. It is
the primary source of energy for over half of the world people. It is a nutritional food
which provides instant energy as its most important component is carbohydrates
(starch). But the rice crop is prone to various types of abiotic and biotic stresses.
Among the biotic stresses rice blast caused by P. oryzae is the most important
pathogen which also affect the other graminaceous hosts. The pathogen can attack at
any stage of the crop development, from germination to harvest. Seedling blight, leaf
blast, node blast, neck blast, and grain spot are all signs of the disease.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, ANAND, 2021) Chavda Nikunj S.; Dr. N. M. Gohel
Cotton, “The White Gold” or the “King of Fibres” enjoys a pre-eminent status
among all cash crops in the country and is the principal raw material for the
flourishing textile industry. It provides livelihood to about sixty million people and is
an important agricultural commodity providing remunerative income to millions of
farmers both in developed and developing countries. Among the foliar diseases of Bt
cotton Alternaria leaf spot caused by Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler and bacterial
blight caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. malvacearum (Smith) Dye are widely
distributed and highly destructive. The Alternaria leaf spot and bacterial blight
diseases are now becoming major foliar diseases in Bt cotton-growing regions of
Gujarat and damaging the foliage to a greater extent.
(DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, ANAND, 2020) Patel Sanket V.; Dr. N. M. Gohel
Cotton is a globally important crop used for both its natural fiber and seed. Cotton, “The White Gold” or the “King of Fibers” enjoys a pre-eminent status among all cash crops in the country. In Gujarat, cotton growing areas are divided in to four well-defined zones based on agro-climatic conditions among that the desi cotton grown specifically in Wagad cotton zone, which is spread over seven lakh hectares in six districts viz., Ahmedabad, Surendranagar, Patan, Kutch, Morbi and Botad. Among the diseases of cotton, root rot caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. is widely distributed and highly destructive right from the seedling stage or after wood formation stage of crop causing up to 90 per cent or more disease incidence infield resulting in heavy yield losses. To overcome such issues, biological control is one of the best, low-cost and ecologically sustainable methods for managing plant diseases caused by soil-borne pathogens.