Anand Agricultural University (AAU) was established in 2004 at Anand with the support of the Government of Gujarat, Act No.(Guj 5 of 2004) dated April 29, 2004. Caved out of the erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University (GAU), the dream institution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Dr. K. M. Munshi, the AAU was set up to provide support to the farming community in three facets namely education, research and extension activities in Agriculture, Horticulture Engineering, product Processing and Home Science. At present there seven Colleges, seventeen Research Centers and six Extension Education Institute working in nine districts of Gujarat namely Ahmedabad, Anand, Dahod, Kheda, Panchmahal, Vadodara, Mahisagar, Botad and Chhotaudepur
AAU's activities have expanded to span newer commodity sectors such as soil health card, bio-diesel, medicinal plants apart from the mandatory ones like rice, maize, tobacco, vegetable crops, fruit crops, forage crops, animal breeding, nutrition and dairy products etc. the core of AAU's operating philosophy however, continues to create the partnership between the rural people and committed academic as the basic for sustainable rural development. In pursuing its various programmes AAU's overall mission is to promote sustainable growth and economic independence in rural society. AAU aims to do this through education, research and extension education. Thus, AAU works towards the empowerment of the farmers.
(DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2018) Rafaliya Rutul V.; Dr. Subhash N.
Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus microphyllus Sieb. ex Spreng.) is an
indigenous and very significant herb that consider as a gift of nature in
Ayurveda. It is a natural medicine which enhances the memory power due to
the presence of its valuable secondary metabolite “scopoletin”. In present
investigation, a total 4 plant parts viz., leaf, root, stem and flower of Anand
local genotype were used for biochemical study using LC/MS
chromatography at 30, 45, 60 and 90 days after sowing (DAS). The highest
scopoletin content was measured in stem (0.0732%) and root (0.0476%) tissue
at 90 DAS and lowest content was measured in root (0.0283%) and stem
(0.0110%) tissue at 45 DAS. For further molecular analysis, the minimum and
maximum scopoletin containing tissues viz., stem and root at 45 and 90 DAS
of Anand local shankhpushpi genotype was used.
(DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2018) Bhatt Kunj D.; Dr. Akarsh Parihar
The present investigation entitled “Next Generation Sequencing based
identification and classification of TLCV (Tomato Leaf Curl Virus) isolates from
different Agro-climatic zones of Gujarat” was carried out at the Department of
Agricultural Biotechnology, Anand Agricultural University, Anand during 2016-18.
(Department of Agricultural Biotechnology Anand Agricultural University Anand, 2018) Patel Samarth R.; Dr. R. S. Fougat
Cluster bean is botanically named as Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. (Taub.) and belongs to family Leguminosae (Fabaceae). It is an annual self pollinated legume crop. Guar is one of the most important and potential vegetable cum industrial crop grown for its tender pods for vegetable purpose and seeds for endospermic galactomannon gum. Tropical Africa is its probable centre of origin as wild species were found to occur in that region. Due to deep rooted system, this short duration, hardy and drought resilient legume is extremely adapted to the inhospitable environment of rainfed regions. Drought is the most important abiotic factor limiting growth and thus yield adversely affect. The present investigation was carried out with an aim to study the evaluation and validation of housekeeping genes for gene expression studies in cluster bean within susceptible and resistant genotypes through RT-PCR.
(DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2018) Poonam; Dr. Y. M. Shukla
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) (2n = 2x = 14) one of the oldest seed spices, is assumed to be an inhabitant from the east Mediterranean to east India and economically most important spices after black pepper. It is popularly being used as spice for their distinct aroma and is used to add in other food preparations. Production constrains due to quite a few biotic stresses of which wilt disease are the most severe caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini. The aim of this research was to elucidate the molecular mechanism underpinning the defence related genes conferring wilt resistance in cumin, which constitutes an important step forward for progression and suitable intervention stratagem.
(DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY B. A. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ANAND, 2016) Amit Kumar; Dr.R. S. Fougat
The endogenous small non-coding functional microRNAs (miRNAs) are short
in size, ranging from ~21 to 24 nucleotides in length and play a pivotal role in gene
expression in plants and animals by negative regulation or silencing of genes either by
cleavage or blocking of translation of homologous mRNA. Although various high
throughput and expensive techniques like forward genetics and direct cloning are
employed to detect miRNAs in plants but comparative genomics complemented with
novel bioinformatic tools paced the way for efficient and cost-effective identification
of miRNAs through homologous sequence search with previously known miRNAs.
Aloe barbadensis Mill. is one of the important medicinal plants of
India which is frequently being used in herbal medicine. Genetic analysis
using RAPD and ISSR profiling of A. barbadensis accessions available at
Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic plants Research (DMAPR), Boriavi,
Anand was carried out for estimating the extent of diversity and
establishing phylogenetic relationship
(Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 2011) PATEL FENILKUMAR SURESHBHAI; Dr. Subhash N.
Bacterial blight (BB) is the most destructive disease of rice. BB is caused by
bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. The disease is known to occur in epidemic
proportions in many parts of the world, incurring severe crop loss up to 50%. Bacteria
show variation in their characteristics according to region, environmental condition, soil
type and availability of the host. In order to know the diversity in Xanthomonas oryzae
pv. oryzae, it is necessary to characterize the bacterial isolates collected from various
parts of Gujarat.
(Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 2012) POONAM D. KANANI; Dr. Y. M. Shukla
Pearl millet (Pennisetum glauccum (L.) R. Br.) is an annual, cross
pollinating, monocot crop belonging to the family Poaceae and sub family
Penicedae. It is the sixth most important cereal of the world and has critical value
as food security in some of the world’s hottest and driest cultivated areas of
Africa and Asia. However, the crop faces constraints to the productivity which
includes the prevalence of different biotic and abiotic stresses. The present work
was carried out with an aim to identify and select endogenous genes for
pearlmillet under biotic stress (downy mildew) and abiotic stress (salinity) and
validating constitutively expressed genes in pearlmillet through RT-PCR and
analyzed it through geNorm for best stable reference gene
(Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 2012) ANUCHITHRA V.L.; Dr. Subhash N.
The use of suitable and stable reference genes for normalization is
an important and unavoidable step during gene expression studies in
relative quantification using Real Time PCR. Validation of endogenous
genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought and salt stress was
carried out with an aim to identify most suitable reference genes for the
normalization of gene expression data in rice. After four days of drought
and salinity stress the resistant cultivars showed higher RWC as compared
to the susceptible cultivars. The drought susceptible cultivar, GR 3
showed higher leaf rolling index (LRI) as compared to the resistant cultivar
AAUDR 1. Based on the visual symptoms of salt damage the tolerant
cultivar Dandi scored 3 in the Standard Evaluation System (SES) and
susceptible cultivar GR 11 scored 7, indicating tolerance and susceptible
cDNA preparation was carried out from total RNA of rice seedlings