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|Title:||A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE USE OF VETERINARY CUTTABLE PLATES FOR FEMORAL DIAPHYSEAL FRACTURES IN SMALL DOG BREEDS AND PUPPIES|
|Agrotags:||FEMORAL DIAPHYSEAL FRACTURES IN SMALL DOG BREEDS AND PUPPIES|
|Abstract:||Young dogs presented to the College Hospital with unstable femoral diaphyseal fractures were diagnosed by clinical signs, orthopaedic examination and survey radiography. The breed, age and sex wise incidence, etiology and type of fracture were studied. Six immature young dogs (2-8 months old, body weight ranging from 4-14 kg) were selected and stabilized with indigenously designed 2.0 mm and 2.7 mm Veterinary Cuttable plates (VCP) along with compatible size of cortical screws. The femur was approached through a cranio-lateral border of thigh for plating under general anaesthesia. Selection of plate and screws were determined by taking in to consideration of the size of the bone, fracture configuration and weight of the dogs. Indigenously designed VCPs of 2.0 mm and 2.7 mm were used with compatible size of non self tapping cortical screws for stabilization of fractures in each animal provided good fracture stability. The technique increased overall construct with use of plate with 2 or 3 screws at each fracture fragment. No technical difficulties were observed while application of VCP in all cases. The outcome of fracture stabilization and healing was evaluated with post-operative lameness grading and radiography. All animals, which were diagnosed for femoral diaphyseal fractures showed grade V lameness before surgical management. Postoperatively, all cases showed grade I lameness in an average of 30-45 days. Post-operative radiography on 30th day revealed bridging callus considerably reduced in size and fracture lines faintly visible and further remodeling changes with complete cortical union were observed in all cases by 45th day. Based on the present study it is opined that the Veterinary Cuttable Plates are suitable for treatment of femoral diaphyseal fractures in young dogs with thin cortical bones and active growth plates. The unique design of VCPs (cut to the desired length with large number of screw holes per unit length) allowed for desired placement of screws over bones in immature dogs and resulted in good fracture alignment and fracture stability. Implant used in this technique was economical, making it amenable for use in veterinary practice|
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