Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/90251
Authors: Painkra, Manoj Kumar
Advisor: Shaw, S.S.
Gupta, Rajeev
Singh, Jitendra
Saxena, R.R.
Title: PERFORMANCE OF Apis cerana indlca F. UNDER DIFFERENT MIGRATORY MODE IN NORTHERN PARTS OF INDIA
Publisher: Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur
Citation: 127 p.
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Abstract: The present investigation was carried out at the three migratory site, village Saryanj Dist. of Solan (Himachal Pradesh), village Umra Dist. Hisar (Haryana) and village Naraingarh Dist. of Ambala (Haryana) during the year 2015-16. The objectives of the studies were: (i) Evaluating the performance of Apis cerana indica at different migratory site. (ii) Correlation of colony performance parameters with hive productivity. (iii) Study the impact of biotic and abiotic parameters on colony performance. The performance of Apis cerana indica F. at village Saryanj, Dist Solan (H.P) from September to November, 2015 was studied and it revealed that in October, there was a average maximum brood area 381.4 ± 170.45 cm2, pollen area 34 ± 26.48 cm2, nectar area 290.4 ± 186.18 cm2 and the maximum bee strength 3.4 ± 1.08 frame with bees in the month of November. However the minimum brood area was 18.4 ± 7.40 cm2, pollen area 9.2 ± 3.89 cm2, nectar area 45.8 ± 7.15 cm2 and bee strength 2.12 ± 0.44 frames with bees in the month of September with total honey production of 4.585 ± 0.45 kg. Whereas, the second migratory site was at village Umra Dist Hisar (Haryana) where study was undertaken during December, 2015 to February, 2016 and the study revealed that in January, there was average maximum brood area 426.8 ± 160.33 cm2, pollen area 217.8 ± 109.59 cm2, nectar area 1312.4 ± 344.96 cm2 and bee strength 7.2 ± 0.44 frames with bees in the month of February. However, the minimum brood area was 198.2 ± 101.35 cm2, pollen area 64 ± 23.84 cm2, nectar area 265.8 ± 101.47 cm2 and bee strength 3.9 ± 0.89 frames with bees in the month of December with total honey production of 22.955 ± 0.69 kg. The third migratory site was village Naraingarh, Dist Ambala (Haryana) and there was the average brood area 272.2 ± 27.27 cm2, pollen area 219 ± 37.10 cm2, nectar area 1144.2 ± 253.82 cm2 and bee strength 6.8 ± 0.44 frames with bees in the month of March with total honey production of 12.92 ± 0.45 kg. Correlation between different dependent and independent variable of colony performance parameters of Apis cerana indica F. was workout at different migratory sites. These correlations revealed that the bee strength vs brood area (r = 0.971), nectar area vs pollen area (r = 0.706), brood area vs honey production (r = 0.917), bee strength vs honey production (r = 0.927) and nectar area vs honey production (r = 0.825) were significant and positive correlated to each other. While, brood area vs bee strength were significant positive with each other at village Umra Dist. Hisar. Whereas, at Naraingarh village Dist. Ambala, there was significant and positive correlation among colony performance parameters like pollen area vs brood area (r = 0.870), pollen area vs bee strength (r = 0.798). There was significant and negative correlation among bee strength vs honey production (r = -0.920), pollen area and honey production (r = -0.896). The study the biotic and abiotic parameters of Apis cerana indica F. at Saryanj village revealed that the biotic parameters like wasp (Vespa auraria), predatory black bird (Dicrurus admilis) and greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella) were the major constraints observed. Whereas the ectoparasitic mite (Tropilaelaps clareae) and greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella) were observed at village Umra, Hisar and Naraingarh, Ambala. Thus the migratory site of village Saryanj was more prone for natural enemies of bee colony. Among the independent variable at Saryanj village Dist. Solan relative humidity had negative relationship with brood area and bee strength indicating that increase in relative humidity there would be negative impact on brood area and bee strength. The maximum temperature had positive relationship with bee strength and pollen area indicating that increase in maximum temperature there would be positive impact on bee strength and pollen area. Whereas rainfall had positive effect on nectar area and honey production. At village Umra Dist. Hisar the independent variable like maximum temperature had a significant and positive relationship with brood area and bee strength indicating that increase in maximum temperature there would be positive impact on brood area and bee strength. Whereas the maximum temperature had negative effect on honey production. The minimum temperature had positive impact on bee strength and pollen area. The relative humidity had a significant and negative impact on bee strength and brood area. Among the independent variable at village Naraingarh the minimum temperature had a positive relationship with brood area, bee strength, pollen area and positive impact on them and negative impact on honey production. Relative humidity had a significant and positive impact on brood area, bee strength, pollen area, and nectar area. Whereas the sunshine hour had negative impact on bee strength, brood area, pollen area but positive impact on honey production. The rainfall had positive impact on nectar area and honey production. Thus, the study conducted in three migratory sites indicated that some abiotic parameters had positive effect on overall development of bee colonies. The migratory are village Saryanj were more favourable for development of natural enemies particularly the incidence of wasp which was the major threat for beekeeping in that locality.
Subject: Agricultural Entomology
These Type: M.SC
Issue Date: 2016
Appears in Collections:Theses

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