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|Title:||Problems and prospects of commercial floriculture in north Haryana|
|Agrotags:||Manpower, Biological phenomena, Research methods, Economic systems, Demand, Fruits, Adaptation, Environment, Accounts, Sampling|
|Abstract:||The study entitled ‘Problems and Prospects of Commercial Floriculture in North Haryana’, was undertaken with specified objectives:-to explore the knowledge level of floriculturists; to identify the training needs of floriculturists; to find out the constraints( problems) encountered by the floriculturists and to develop a strategy for flower cultivation for sustainable development. The present study was conducted in Ambala and Karnal districts from north zone of Haryana state with randomly taken sample of 60 farmers, from each district The study revealed that majority of respondents belonged to young to middle age group, had medium level of education, socio-economic status, change proneness, extension contact and scienticism but high level of mass media exposure and risk orientation. Overall knowledge level of floriculture was medium. Knowledge about concept, importance, harvesting, packing and marketing in floriculture, majority of the respondents had medium level of knowledge. In case of flower varieties, agronomic practices and fertilizer application majority of the respondents had low level of knowledge. It was noted that variable viz. age, education, socio economics status and extension contacts were highly significant and positively associated with knowledge level of floriculturists. The land holding, mass media exposure, irrigation facilities, change proneness, scienticism were found positively and significant related. Further the study highlighted that age, education and scienticism were found significantly and positively associated with the knowledge level of flower cultivation. Whereas remaining background characteristics were found significantly. Procurement of planting materials and purchase of fertilizer, pesticides and micronutrients by farmers were mostly obtained from the private sector followed by co-operative sector. In flower crops cultivation, marigold is the dominate crop in north Haryana followed by gladiolus and rose. The flower growers mostly had to hire vehicle to sale of flowers. The most felt training needs as perceived by farmers were plant disease management, followed by post harvest handling of flowers, use of biproduct and application of herbicides. The major constraint in flower cultivation as perceived by farmers were non-availability of inputs at proper time at village level, non-availability of quality seeds, no support price for flowers, problems of middle men in marketing, use of seed without treatment, lack of guidance about insect’s pests and diseases. As far as the prospects of flower cultivation, flower fetches good market price was ranked 1st, more demand outside the India was ranked 2nd, better for additional income, high price of flowers, gives assured income, quick production, demand is increasing day by day, low production cost and easy to produce, were reported as major prospects of floriculture. Reports and studies reliably indicate that export potential of flowers and consumption, within India, will increase as trend indicates, as not only the aesthetics uses but medicinal value of flowers had also been realised, so the prospects of flowers are bright.|
|Appears in Collections:||M. Sc. Dissertations|
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