Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/80990
Authors: Priyanka Rani
Advisor: Sangwan, Veenu
Title: Assessment of nutritional status of rural school going children (10-12 years) of Fatehabad District (Haryana)
Publisher: CCSHAU
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Agrotags: Planting, Genes, Biological phenomena, Transgenics, Pathogens, Diseases, Transgenic plants, Fungi, Brassica juncea, pcr
Abstract: The present study was conducted to determine nutritional status of rural school going children (10- 12 years) and to determine the impact of nutrition education on knowledge gain of selected children and their mothers. Total 100 respondents were selected randomly from the two villages namely, Khabra Kalan and Jandwala Baggar of Fatehabad district; out of 100 school going children, 50 children and their mothers were selected randomly for imparting nutrition education. Nutritional status of children was assessed using methods of dietary survey (24 hr recall method), anthropometric measurements (height, weight, BMI, mid upper arm circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist to hip ratio) and clinical assessment of signs and symptoms of various nutrient deficiency diseases. Data on personal and socioeconomic profile of rural school going children (10-12 yrs) revealed that 49 per cent of the subjects belonged to schedule caste category. Most of the respondents were from nuclear families (61.00%) and living in mixed type of houses. Forty nine per cent of respondents’ fathers were engaged in agriculture work and majority (69%) of respondents’ mothers were non-working (housewives). The average family income of 50 per cent families was Rs.5001-10000 per month. Almost (98%) all of them were vegetarian. The mean daily intake of cereals, pulses, fats and oils, milk and milk products, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, roots and tubers, sugar and jaggery and fruits by rural school going children was found to be lower than RDI. The intake of nutrients like energy, protein, fat, calcium, iron, -carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, folic acid and vitamin B12 were also significantly lower than RDA (25.30 to 85.00%). The mean height, weight, BMI, mid upper arm circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist to hip ratio of boys and girls were found to be significantly (p 0.01) lower than the NCHS standards (2012). Clinical examination revealed lack of lustre in 16 per cent children while pale conjunctiva, diffused pigmentation, angular scars, cheilosis of lips, scarlet and raw tongue, magenta tongue, mottled enamel, dental caries, spongy and bleeding gums, xerosis in the skin, follicular hyperkertosis was observed among 19.0, 13.0, 4.0, 13.0, 7.0, 4.0, 13.0, 11.0, 6.0, 4.0 and 2.0 per cent of school going children, respectively. There was minor influence of mother’s working status and father education on diet and nutrition of rural school going children. The results of the present study showed that intake of food stuffs was higher in children who belonged to families with high income group. Similar types of effects of socio-economic variables were observed on mean daily intake of various nutrients like energy, protein, fat, calcium, iron, -carotene, Bcomplex vitamins, vitamin C, folic acid and vitamin B12 by the respondents. On the basis of present study, it was concluded that mean daily intake of food and nutrients by the rural school going children were significantly lower than their respective RDIs and RDAs. The all of anthropometric parameters taken under study were significantly (p 0.05) lower than their respective reference values among the children. There is urgent need to provide nutrition education to children and their mothers that will go
Subject: Foods and Nutrition
Theme: Assessment of nutritional status of rural school going children (10-12 years) of Fatehabad District (Haryana
Research Problem: Assessment of nutritional status of rural school going children (10-12 years) of Fatehabad District (Haryana
Issue Date: 2015
Appears in Collections:M. Sc. Dissertations

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