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|Authors:||Singh, Uma Rani|
(Smt.) Shukla, S.
|Title:||“A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION OF CONTROL MEASURE PRACTICES OF PARTHENIUM (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) WEED AMONG THE FARMERS OF SURGUJA DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE”|
|Publisher:||Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Raipur|
|Agrotags:||“A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION OF CONTROL MEASURE PRACTICES OF PARTHENIUM (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) WEED AMONG THE FARMERS OF SURGUJA DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE”|
|Abstract:||The researcher realized the harmful effect of Parthenium weed. Hence they emphasized more researched on management aspect of their weed. There are so many methods available for management of Parthenium. But every methods have some limitation. Due to that the area under Parthenium infestation is increasing at alarming rate. Through agrochemicals or through hand weeding the modern research have helped the farmers to get rid of Parthenium in crop fields effectively. The Indian farmers as well as common people are worried due to increasing Parthenium infestation. They are not having easy method to manage it. They are uprooting it by hand but due to fear of skin allergy they are avoiding this method also. No doubt the awareness about Parthenium hazards has helped to control it in home gardens but no serious effort is made manage it in wastelands. These wastelands are serving as seed bank being a continuous source of Parthenium seed supply and its propagation. Also through the soil brought from the wasteland and commonly used as garden soil the seeds are reaching to new areas. Parthenium is having no naturally designed enemies to check its growth. Due to this reason the weed is spreading unchecked in India. Parthenium weed spread in all district of Chhattisgarh state. Control of Parthenium weed is a major problem, which is also causing low production, productivity and directly affecting the socio-economic status of their life. So keeping this view in the mind a research was undertaken on the “a study on knowledge and adoption of control measure practices of Parthenum (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) weed among the farmers of Surguja district of Chhattisgarh state” during 2012-13. 128 farmers were randomly chosen from 16 villages of Sitapur and Udaipur blocks of Surguja district of Chhattisgarh state, and 100 personally interviewed with the help of structured interview schedule to collect the primary data. The results of the study revealed that most of the farmers were illiterate, medium sized family and had no membership in any social organization indicating very poor social participation. The respondents had small sized land holdings, maximum number of them had agriculture + animal husbandry as their primary occupation. As regards scientific orientation it was observed that majority of them had medium scientific orientation and the overall level of knowledge regarding control measure practices of Parthenium weed was medium. Majority of the respondents had low level utilization of sources of information and majority of the respondents used to contact with Rural Agriculture Extension Officer frequently for seeking information about control measure practices of Parthenium weed. Whereas majority of respondents forty seven percent had low level of adoption regarding control measure practices of Parthenium weed . The variables occupation, scientific orientation, level of knowledge, and source of information were found positively highly and significantly related with adoption at 0.01 per cent level of significance, whereas education and social participation had positive and significant relationship with adoption at 0.05 per cent level of significance. A multiple regression analysis was also done to find out the extent of contribution of independent variables on adoption. Out of the eight variables under study only three variables namely land holding, occupation, scientific orientation and knowledge had highly significant and positive contribution towards adoption at 0.01 per cent level of significance. And only one variable namely education had positive and significant contribution towards adoption at 0.05 per cent level of significance. All the 8 independent variables jointly explained the variation to the extent of 69.1 per cent. So far as the problems faced by the farmer during adoption of control measure practices of Parthenium weed are concerned it was found that majority of the respondents reported high cost of herbicides, lack of information regarding harmful effects, control methods and knowledge of Parthenium weed about appropriate doses of herbicides etc. Some of the major suggestions given by the farmers were herbicides should be available at low cost at village level, free distribution of herbicides for|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses|
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|UMA RANI SINGH.pdf||“A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION OF CONTROL MEASURE PRACTICES OF PARTHENIUM (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) WEED AMONG THE FARMERS OF SURGUJA DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE”||9.28 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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