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|Title:||Studies on feeding green berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) on growth performance and carcass traits in pigs raised on kitchen waste based diet|
|Publisher:||G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263145 (Uttarakhand)|
|Agrotags:||animal feeding, berseem, Trifolium alexandrinum, growth rate, carcass quality, pigs, feeds, kitchen waste, diets, waste management|
|Abstract:||A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of green berseem, kitchen waste and concentrate feeding on growth and carcass traits in growing and finishing pigs. The experiment was conducted in two phases using 24 LWY piglets of about 3 to 3.5 months age. During phase I, the performance of growing piglets was studied for 2 months. The details of feeding regimens in different groups were as follow, group I: 10% green berseem + 90% concentrate only, Gr. II: 10% green berseem + 25% kitchen waste + 65% concentrate, Gr. III: 10% green berseem + 50% kitchen waste + 40% concentrate and group IV: 10% green berseem + 75% kitchen waste + 15% concentrate. During phase II, the performance of finisher pigs was studied for 2 months. Pigs were divided again into 4 groups. Distributions of feed in different such groups have been presented as follow, group I: 10% green berseem + 50% kitchen waste + 40% concentrate, Gr. II: 15% green berseem + 50% kitchen waste + 35% concentrate, Gr. III: 20% green berseem + 50% kitchen waste + 30% concentrate and group IV: 25% green berseem + 50% kitchen waste + 25% concentrate. The ad libitum feeding would be done during both phases. During phase I, there was no significant difference between different treatment groups with respect to overall DM intake, body weight gain and FCR. However, better performance was observed for group IV. In conclusion, substitution of concentrate for different levels of kitchen waste along with 10% green berseem improves the DM intake, growth and FCR than that of the control diet. During phase II, significantly (p<0.01) highest overall DM intake and overall daily weight gain was observed for Gr. I and no significant difference were observed among Gr. II, III and IV. However, no significant differences were observed for overall body weight gain and FCR. In conclusion substitution of concentrate for different levels of green berseem along with 50% kitchen waste reduced the DM intake and growth but improved the FCR than that of the control diet. It also decreases the back fat thickness however, differences among groups were non-significant. No significant differences were observed for other carcass traits. Significantly (p<0.01) lowest cost of total feed intake and cost per kg live weight gain was observed for group IV followed by group III, II and I in both phases of experiment. In conclusion green berseem could be incorporated up to 25% and kitchen waste up to 75% of total dry matter intake to make the feed economical and without affecting the performance of the animal adversely.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses|
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