Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/77518
Authors: Hakeem Sultan Abd AL-Rekibi
Advisor: Prof. Dipak De
Title: ROLE OF EXTENSION CENTERS IN FARMERS TRAINING IN THE SOUTHERN PROVINCES OF IRAQ
Publisher: Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Series/Report no.: P0019;
Agrotags: Training programs, implementation and extension centers.
Abstract: The study was conducted during the year 2012-2013 in the southern provinces of Iraq where the use of Polly plastic technology has provided to grow the crops in a year–round basis. Polly plastic technology was adopted in these provinces as there was a shortage of water for irrigation. There was a great desire of the farmers in these provinces to use the Polly plastic in the future for the high economic revenues. The southern Iraq province consists of four provinces namely (Thi-Qar, Basrah, Muthanna and Masan). The entire province has been selected for the study purposes because the farmers of this province are using Polly plastic agricultural technology. These farmers were given training on the modern techniques on Polly plastic in 2012. The total number of trainees was 300 in Thi-Qar, followed by 450 in Basrah, 160 in Muthanna and 220 in Masan respectively in the year 2012. Out of 1130 trained farmers 200 trained farmers were selected on the basis of probability proportionate to size (PPS) method. They were spread over four provinces as follows 54, 80, 28 and 38 respondent trainees in Thi-Qar, Basarh, Muthanna and Masan respectively. The total number of untrained farmers were practicing Polly plastic technology in the same area, was 400 in Thi-Qar, followed by 520 in Basrah, 200 in Muthanna and 360 in Masan respectively. Out of 1480 untrained farmers 200 untrained farmers were selected on the basis of probability proportionate to size (PPS) method. They were spread over four provinces as follows: 54, 80, 28 and 38 untrained respondents in Thi-Qar, Basrah, Muthanna and Masan respectively. In order to know the socio- personal characters of the trainees 10 characteristics of trainee were selected viz., age, social class, occupation, education, size of land holding, farm power, family size, family types, social participation and sources of information utilized. In order to know the level of knowledge about the modern agricultural technology use an index was developed for the purpose, of the study. It was found out in the study that a level of knowledge of trainees about modern agricultural technology use in Polly plastic was 42 percent belonged to low level. According to this result it can be concluded that the level of knowledge about using modern agricultural technology is not convincing. Also the level of adoption of recommended agricultural technologies was 41.5 percent. According to this result it can be concluded that the low application of modern agricultural technology (use of Polly plastic) may be due to lack of knowledge &skill among the trainees. Also most of the trainees think that the use of fertilizer, pesticide and the chemicals in production of crops may lead to side effect of their health. Therefore, they might not prefer to use or adopt it. The relationship between social class, occupation, education, size of land holding, family size, family types, social participation and sources of information utilized and level of knowledge of trainees were positively significant. These independent variables play an important role for influencing trainees’ knowledge towards Polly plastic technology. The relationship between social classes, occupation, education, size of land holding, farm power, family types, social participation and Sources of information utilized and level of adoption behaviour of trainees about modern agricultural technology in Polly plastic was positively significant.
Description: Ph. D.
Issue Date: 2015
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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