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Authors: Amvrin Baruah
Advisor: Prof. Rakesh Singh
Publisher: Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Series/Report no.: P0008;
Agrotags: Rice, technical efficiency, allocative efficiency and economic efficiency of SRI and conventional method of rice cultivation, costs and return
Abstract: Rice is consumed both in urban and rural areas of India and its consumption is growing due to high-income elasticity of demand (Kumar et al.2006). To meet the growing demand, with less scope to increase area a rapid increase in paddy production is needed. Therefore, some innovative rice production practice which helps in producing more with less resource is required. Under this scenario, the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) may be an appropriate practice to produce more food with fewer inputs. Assam, the largest producer of rice in North Eastern India, is predominantly rural and economy is primarily agrarian in nature. Its agriculture exhibits the characteristics of underdeveloped agriculture. Rice being the staple food of the state, its demand is always increasing and for higher production technology like SRI has a promising position. Successful SRI breakthrough in Assam was by NFSM in 2006-07. It is concluded that SRI proved to be a superior rice cultivation technique to conventional method of rice cultivation. It helps in conserving precious resources like water and provides higher income than conventional method. This study showed that SRI has potential to increase farm income by 218 percent and employment by 12 per cent as compared to conventional method. Farmers practicing SRI were efficient in resource use than conventional farmers and SRI proved to be thrived in the study area. To meet the increasing demands of the ever increasing population, it is necessary that farmers go for some innovative alternatives which give more output from the same piece of land without increasing the total costs. At this point of hour, SRI would be the most appropriate alternative.
Description: Ph. D.
Issue Date: 2016
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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