Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810119844
Authors: Mahantesh Kamatyanatti
Advisor: Ashwani Kumar
Title: Response of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth, Yield, Quality and Shelf life of Plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cv. Kala Amritsari
Publisher: CCSHAU
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Integrated Nutrient Management, Plum, Yield, Quality, Shelf life
Abstract: A field experiment entitled “Response of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth, Yield, Quality and Shelf life of Plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cv. Kala Amritsari”, conducted during 2016-17 and 2017-18 at Experimental Orchard, Department of Horticulture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. It comprised of 11 treatment levels of plum in randamised block design with three replications. The main objectives were to study the effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of plum, to study the effect of integrated nutrient management on shelf life. Growth parameters of plum were significantly affected by the organic and inorganic fertilizer. The maximum increase in plant height (0.27 m), per cent increase in plant height (4.91 %), annual shoot growth (70.63 cm), leaf area (13.13 cm2) and chlorophyll index (23.88) was observed in the treatment T11: (75% of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers). The significantly higher fruit weight and yield was reported by the application of T11: (75% of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers) with 12.35 gm and 53.43 kg/tree, respectively. The maximum number of flowers/ feet of shoot (87.19), number of fruit set per feet of shoot (32.58), final fruit set (20.50%), per cent final fruit set (23.50%) in the treatment T11. The fruit physical and chemical parameters were found by the application of the treatment T11 with maximum polar diameter (2.43 cm), equator diameter (2.56 cm), fruit volume (17.03 cm3), stone weight (0.61 gm), pulp weight (11.74 gm), pulp to stone ratio (19.12), fruit firmness (4.01 kg/cm2), acidity (1.77 %) and reducing sugar (1.71 %) content. Whereas, maximum initial fruit set (38.30 %) reported in T9, but the maximum anthocyanin (17.01 %) and TSS (9.70 %) were found in T7: (75% of N + vermicompost + biofertilizers) and T6: (50 % of N + vermicompost + biofertilizers) respectively. The total sugar was recorded in T7 & T9 with (7.80 %) and reducing sugar was in both T4: (50 % of N + vermicompost) & T7: (75 % of N+ vermicompost + biofertilizers) with (6.12 %). The post harvest shelf life were found significantly higher in the treatment T11: (75 % of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers) with maximum fruit firmness, higher acidity and lower total sugar, TSS, physiological loss in weight and decay loss, followed by T10: (50 % of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers) and T9: (75 % of N + FYM + biofertilizers) while, the maximum anthocyanin was reported in T7: (75 % of N + vermicompost + biofertilizers). The leaf nutrient content was reported significantly maximum in the treatment T11 (viz., N (1.77 %), Mg (0.68 %), Fe (252.62 ppm), Ca (2.50 %), Cu (12.26 ppm) and Zn (25.99 ppm)), while treatment T9: (75% of N + FYM + biofertilizers) reported maximum leaf P (0.27%) and K (3.10 %) content over other treatments. The availability of soil nutrients viz., N (140.14 kg/ha), K (290.51 kg/ha), Fe (8.26 ppm) and Cu (0.75 ppm) were reported significantly higher in the treatment T11: (75% of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers). Whereas, the treatment T10: (50% of N + vermicompost + FYM + biofertilizers) was reported significantly higher Zn (2.50 ppm) content and the treatment T7: (75% of N + vermicompost + biofertilizers) reported maximum soil P and Mn, with 16.11 kg/ha and 5.91 ppm, respectively.
Subject: Horticulture
Theme: Response of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth, Yield, Quality and Shelf life of Plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cv. Kala Amritsari
These Type: Ph.D
Issue Date: 2019
Appears in Collections:Theses

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