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Authors: KAVITHA, B.
Publisher: Professor jayashankar Telangana State Agriculture University
Citation: D7000
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Agrotags: null
Abstract: Today, there are millions of children, who are f~rced to seek sunrival on the streets of cities of world. These are referred to as street children. The street children are deprived of their basic rights of survival, protection and development. They represent the poor quality of human resource potential that will unfold in future. Once on the streets, these children face many problems which affect their over all development. They might be suffering from health and nutritional problems in addition to other social and emotional problems. HOT.\- ever, many studies have been conducted on child labour and situational analysis of street children but information available on health and nutritional problems of the street children is scanty. Hence, it is essential to carry out an intensive study of their health and nutritional status. The present study \\-as there fore conducted to assess "The nutritio~al status of institutionalized street children". From the selected shelter homes of Hyderabad and secunderabad, a sample of 120 street children (boys of age group of 9 - 12 years) \irere selected randomly from the street homes. Shelters for street children are of two types i.e. shelter home and night shelter. Shelter home provide shelter for whole day and night, provide food, education recreation while night shelter provide for an over night stay, a night meal, non formal education and recreation. Nutritional status of street children was assessed by using nutritional anthropornetry, diet surveys, clinical examination and morbidity pattern. A pretested inte~ew schedule was used to obtain information on general particulars of street homes of street children. The weight of the children was recorded with Salter scale balance which is calibrated to nearest 0.5 kg. Height was measured using anthropometric rod of 2 meters length calibrated to nearest 0.1 cms. Food intake of street children was assessed by Inventory method and 24 hour recall method. The clinical examination for nutritional deficiencies of street children was done with the assirtznce cf q~alifiec! medics?! doctor. Morbidity pattern for the last one incnth was recorded. The data ccllectcd was analyzed using suitable stastical procedures. The results of the study indicated that mean heights and weights of both shelter home and night shelter street children fell below the 50th percentile of NCHS standards. As per the weight for age status, the percentage of children suffering from very severe (5.O0/0) and severe grade (3.3%) malnutrition (i.e. body weight less than 50 per cent of standard) was found to be less in shelter home street children compared to night shelter street children. BMI had revealed that 43 and 56 per cent of shelter home and night shelter street children were suffering from different grades chronic energy deficiency except 1.7 per cent of children who were found to be over weight. The food and nutrient intake was found to inadequate in quantity and quality in the diets of the street children. The calorie intake was met by 80 per cent of the RDA. The other nutrients like proteins, protective nutrients i.e. vitamins and minerals were found to be less (20 - 60 per cent) as compared to RDA. Their diets were fo~nd to be inadequate in quantity with special regard to pulses, milk and milk products, fruits, green leafy vegetables as compared with the balanced diets (Gopalan et a2 1984) Clinical examination of the children indicated deficiency si-s and symptoms of B comples vitamins (i.e. angular stomatitis, cheilosis? glossitis) and anaemia. Mottled enamel was also obsenred. Incidence of early manifestation of vitamin A deficiency i.e. night blindness was found in night shelter street children.
Subject: Food and Nutrition
Theme: Food and Nutrition
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2003
Appears in Collections:Theses

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