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Authors: Singh, Pavittar
Advisor: Thakur, Rajesh Kumar
Publisher: CSKHPKV, Palampur
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 142
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Vegetables
Abstract: Agriculture is the mainstay of livelihood for two-thirds of the rural population in Himachal Pradesh. Vegetables play an important role in the state agriculture by providing food, nutrition and economic security to the people. About 88 per cent of the land holdings in the state are marginal & small, which offer limited scope for increasing income & employment from the production of traditional crops. Therefore, farmers who have irrigation facilities have and are diversifying their cropping systems through the introduction of vegetable crops. These crops offer more opportunities for increasing income and employment even from the limited land resources. The area and production of vegetable crops in the state has increased from 29000 ha in 1998 to 76947 in 2016-17. Among the different districts of the state, district Hamirpur has also come up in the field of vegetable production as about 300 water harvesting structures have been constructed in the district by different departments. As a result of improvement in irrigation infra-structure, the vegetable crops in the district are being grown on 3823 hectares (2016-17). Therefore, it is pertinent to study the socio-economic profile of vegetable growers, cropping pattern, cost and returns & resource use efficiency of newly adopted crops. Thus, the present study was purposively conducted in district Hamirpur of Himachal Pradesh. In order to meet the requirements of specific objectives of the study, primary as well as secondary data were used. The primary data were collected from 60 households comprising 51 small (<2ha) and 9 large farmers (≥2 ha) selected by adopting three stage random sampling technique. The results have been analyzed by using simple tabular method and log linear production function technique. The average size of holding was about 1.19 hectares out of which cultivated area was 0.81 hectares on overall farm situation. About 47 per cent of the net area sown was having irrigation facilities. The cropping intensity of the sample households was about 211 per cent. The major proportion of the total cropped area was dominated by maize and wheat i.e. about 47 per cent, whereas the area under vegetables accounted for about 36 per cent of the total cropped area. Based on the area under different vegetable crops okra, cucumber, and bitter gourd among summer vegetables and cauliflower, onion and garlic among winter vegetables emerged as major vegetable crops grown by the respondents. Among the major vegetables the highest area was occupied by cauliflower i.e. about 19 per cent followed by garlic (13%) and cucumber (11%). The productivity levels of okra, cucumber, bitter gourd, cauliflower, onion and garlic were estimated at about 116, 111, 180, 199, 145 and 117q/ha, respectively. The total cost of cultivation was found to be highest in the case of garlic (Rs 1,36,094/ha) and minimum in case of okra (Rs 1,04,234/ha). The human labour utilization varied between 206 man days/ha in okra to 214 man days/ha in garlic and it was the major cost constituent and accounted for 47 to 59 per cent of the total cost of cultivation in different vegetables. The study further revealed that the vegetable cultivation on sample farms was highly profitable as the net returns over total cost were positive, which varied between Rs 74140 to Rs 207982/ha in major vegetables grown by the respondents. The output-input ratios were also greater than one indicating that vegetable farming is a profitable business. The total average household income from different sources was calculated as Rs 503329 per farm in which the contribution of agriculture was around 55 per cent The results of production function indicated the increasing returns to scale of major vegetables except for garlic, which indicates that by increasing all the factors of production (area, seed, FYM & fertilizers, human labour, irrigation and plant protection chemicals) by one per cent, the production will increase by more than one per cent. This indicates that there are still chances of increasing the level of production. The marginal value productivity analysis showed that the farmers of the study area could increase their income by increasing the variable inputs. The study further revealed that problem of insect pest & diseases, non-availability of seed in time and high wage rates were the major issues associated with production problems. In addition to these financial problems (non-availability of credit and time consuming processing loan cases), instructional problems (Lack of extension facilities and inadequate training facilities) and miscellaneous problems (monkey menace and stray animals) were also reported as the major problems by the respondents. In order to address the key problems ways and means have been suggested in the study.
Subject: Agricultural Economics
Theme: Economics of vegetable production
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2019-01-07
Appears in Collections:Theses

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