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Authors: Sharma, Divya
Advisor: Virender Kumar
Publisher: CSKHPKV, Palampur
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 229
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Farming
Abstract: An attempt has been made in the present study to study the economics of different farming systems in Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh.Chamba district is listed as one of the backward districts in the baseline ranking of transformation of aspirational districts by NITI Aayog. In Chamba district, about 95.70 per cent of cropped area is rainfed. Thus, farming system approach is seen as a potent means of raising and stabilizing productivity and profitability levels in the rainfed agriculture. Stratified two stage random sampling technique was employed for selecting the sample households. The study was based on both primary and secondary data. Primary data were collected from 160 sample households. Further, the data were analysed by employing appropriate statistical tools in commensuration with the objectives of the study. Linear programming was employed to develop the optimum farm plans for the study area. Income approach was used for the identification of farming systems. Four farming systems were identified in the study area; cereals based farming system (FS-I), vegetables based farming system (FS-II), livestock based farming system (FS-III) and fruits based farming system (FS-IV). The results indicated that with respect to the resource use pattern in different crop groups, the negative gap was observed in existing seed use pattern for various crops ranging from 19.63 to 236.65 per cent in FS-I, 8.17 to 170.90 per cent in FS-II, 0.05 to 312.50 per cent in FS-III and 2.67 to 108.66 per cent in FS-IV. This indicated that growers were using very high seed rate on their farms. In case of fertilisers application positive gap was observed ranging from 20 to 100 per cent in FS-I, 20.06 to 89.75 per cent in FS-II, 50.10 to 100 per cent in FS-III, 70.32 to 100 per cent in FS-IV. The gap indicated that farmers were using very less fertilisers as compared to recommend doses. Productivity related to different farm enterprises was found to be low as compared to optimum yield.In the optimum plan of FS-I, Returns to Fixed Farm Resources (RFFR) were increased by ₹ 98,637 with borrowing capital limit of ₹11, 583 and labour employment was found to be 571.31 man days. In FS-II, RFFR were increased by ₹ 89,711 with borrowing capital limit of ₹ 4,263 and labour employment was found to be 558.40 man days. In FS-III, RFFR were increased by ₹ 1,42,471 having borrowing limit of ₹ 51,281 and labour employment was found to be1140.08 man days. In the optimum production plan of fruits based farming system (FSIV), the RFFR were increased by ₹ 80394 having borrowing capital limit of ₹ 6561 and labour employment was found to be 523.50 man days. Further, fragmentation of land holdings, lack of cold storage facilities, monkeys, stray animals and wild animals menace were found as major problems in the study area. The area was suitable for diversification towards cash crops through the utilization of created irrigation potential. In the study area, the application of fertilisers was very less as compared to the recommended doses. So, there was a great scope for organic farming in the study area.
Subject: Agricultural Economics
Theme: Economics of Farming Systems
These Type: Ph.D
Issue Date: 2019-01-07
Appears in Collections:Theses

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