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|Title:||ECONOMICS AND RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY OF MAJOR VEGETABLE CROPS IN NAGROTA BAGWAN BLOCK OF KANGRA DISTRICT (H.P.)|
|Abstract:||Agriculture is considered as mainstay of livelihood for two-third of rural population in Himachal Pradesh. Vegetable plays an important role in the state agriculture by providing food, nutrition and economic security to the people. About 88 percent land holding are marginal and small and growing of foodgrain crops are not profitable. Therefore, farmers are diversifying their cropping pattern towards vegetable crops. This will increase income and employment in the area. The area and production of vegetable crops in the state has increased over the period but, the returns from vegetable production is depended on the optimum use of inputs and their efficient use. Therefore, the present study has been undertaken in Nagrota Bagwan block of Kangra district to study the input-output relationship & resource use efficiency; to examine the economics of major vegetable crops. Three stage random sampling technique was used to select a representative sample of 60 vegetable growers from Nagrota Bagwan block of Kangra district. Positive growth rate in area and production of vegetables was observed in the study area. About 85 per cent of working population was found available on sample farms. On an average literacy-rate of 96 per cent was recorded on the sample farms. About 96 per cent of the total cultivated area was irrigated. The average size of land holdings was 0.68 hectares per farm. The results emanated showed that there was a cropping intensity of 200.59 per cent on the sample farms. The total household income was calculated as Rs 291619 per farm and the vegetables contributed around 46 per cent to the total household income. The high gap in usage of different inputs for kharif and rabi crops were noticed. Labour accounted for more than 50 per cent of the total cost in different vegetables. The net returns were found to be positive and varied from Rs 21027 to Rs 125992 per hectare for different vegetables. The output-input ratio was greater than one indicating that vegetable farming is a profitable business. Increasing returns to scale was noticed in most of the crops indicating that there would be more than one per cent increase in the gross returns of the farmers if all the factors of production will simultaneously be increased by one per cent. The marginal value productivity analysis showed that the farmers of study area could increase their income by increasing the variable inputs. The major problems reported by the vegetable growers were scarce & costly labour, non-remunerative prices for produce and inadequate training facilities etc. The policy implications suggested the need of awareness creation among the vegetable growers to make better use of improved technologies and enhance farm mechanization. There is also a need to diversify their cropping pattern towards vegetable cultivation to increase their farm income.|
|Theme:||Economics and resource use efficiency of major vegetable crops|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses|
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|RASHMI MSc AGRL ECONOMICS 2018.pdf||2.84 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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